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Comic Books - The Superhero of Multimodal Literacy

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Who will be the greatest superhero when it comes to fighting one of today's greatest villians? Comic books take a stand against declining literacy rates.

A Flipbook for FILM 240 at Queen's University.

Published in: Education
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Comic Books - The Superhero of Multimodal Literacy

  1. 1. COMIC
 BOOKS BYERINKOWALSKI THE SUPERHERO OF MULTIMODAL LITERACY
  2. 2. EVOLVED. I N T H E 2 1 s t C E N T U R Y , O U R C O M M U N I C A T I O N P R A C T I C E S H A V E Where we once communicated predominantly through the written word, we now heavily incorporate the use of imagery.
  3. 3. We experience everyday multimodality — in the things that we hear, see, read, and communicate. PHOTO CREDIT JENS KREUTER W H I C H M A K E S S E N S E , A S W E A R E A VISUAL CULTURE L I V I N G I N A D I G I T A L E R A .
  4. 4. PHOTO CREDIT TRACY THOMAS I N A T I M E I N W H I C H W E A R E S O HEAVILY INFLUENCED B Y A V I S U A L , M U L T I M O D A L E X P E R I E N C E …
  5. 5. F r o m 2 0 0 3 t o 2 0 1 3 , l i t e r a c y r a t e s i n C a n a d a d r o p p e d f r o m a b o v e a v e r a g e t o a v e r a g e ( c o m p a r e d t o o t h e r c o u n t r i e s ) 4 9 % o f C a n a d i a n s h a v e i n a d e q u a t e l i t e r a r y s k i l l s C a n a d i a n y o u t h ( a g e d 1 6 - 2 4 ) a r e u n d e r - p e r f o r m i n g i n l i t e r a c y C a n a d a r a n k s 1 1 t h i n t h e w o r l d w h e n i t c o m e s t o l i t e r a c y L i t e r a c y s k i l l s a r e d i r e c t l y l i n k e d t o e m p l o y m e n t : 8 0 % o f a d u l t s ( a g e d 1 6 - 6 5 ) w i t h t h e h i g h e s t l i t e r a c y l e v e l s a r e e m p l o y e d v s . 5 7 % w i t h t h e l o w e s t l i t e r a c y l e v e l s S i n c e 1 9 9 8 , t h e d e m a n d f o r e d u c a t e d w o r k e r s i s u p 1 9 % , w h i l e t h e n e e d f o r l o w - s k i l l e d w o r k e r s i s d o w n 1 1 % * S T A T I S T I C S F R O M O E C D P I A A C 2 0 1 3 S U R V E Y 1 … W E A R E H A V I N G T O C O M B A T DECLINING LITERACY R A T E S I N C A N A D A .
  6. 6. I N T H E F I G H T T O P R O M O T E R E A D I N G , COMIC BOOKS H A V E E M E R G E D A S T H E S U P E R H E R O O F M U L T I M O D A L L I T E R A C Y . PHOTO CREDIT COOMBESY
  7. 7. PHOTO CREDIT GIULIA BERTELLI W I T H R E A D I N G F O R P L E A S U R E A T T H E A G E O F 1 5 B E I N G K E Y T O COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT, I T I S M O R E I M P O R T A N T T H A N E V E R T H A T R E A D I N G B E E N C O U R A G E D A M O N G T O D A Y ’ S Y O U T H . 2
  8. 8. E V E N M O R E S O C O N S I D E R I N G T H A T T H E B I G G E S T KEY INDICATOR A S T O W H E T H E R O R N O T A C H I L D W I L L T H R I V E I N S C H O O L I S I F T H E Y R E A D F O R P L E A S U R E . 3 PHOTO CREDIT JUAN RAMOS
  9. 9. PHOTO CREDIT ERIKA WITTLIEB D E S P I T E C O M I C B O O K S H A V I N G B E E N A S O U R C E O F MORAL PANIC I N T H E 1 9 5 0 s 4
  10. 10. G R A P H I C N A R R A T I V E S A R E P R O V I N G T H E I R MERIT I N T H E E D U C A T I O N A L A N D L I T E R A R Y L A N D S C A P E S . PHOTO CREDIT WOKANDAPIX
  11. 11. “Lurking beneath the literal meaning of [comic] strips…is the chance to capture the curiosity of a student who might never have otherwise given a term like existentialism a chance.” 5 S H A R O N F . W E B S T E R - H I G H S C H O O L L I T E R A C Y C O A C H
  12. 12. PHOTO CREDIT JACQUELINE MACOU U S I N G M U L T I M O D A L T E X T S I N E D U C A T I O N A L S O P R O V I D E S N U M E R O U S BENEFITS.
  13. 13. C O M I C B O O K S T E A C H S T U D E N T S T H A T A M E S S A G E C A N B E C O M M U N I C A T E D I N MORE FORMS PHOTO CREDIT IAN ROBINSON T H A N J U S T L A N G U A G E A N D T E X T . 6
  14. 14. PHOTO CREDIT LUCAS GALLONE T H E Y A L S O H E L P S T U D E N T S T O DECODE AND INTERPRET T H E R E L A T I O N S H I P B E T W E E N V I S U A L I M A G E S A N D W R I T T E N L A N G U A G E . 7
  15. 15. A R E C E N T S T U D Y A L S O S U G G E S T S T H A T C R I T I C A L T H I N K I N G S K I L L S A R E U S E D A T GREATER LEVELS PHOTO CREDIT TACHINA LEE W H E N R E A D I N G C O M I C B O O K S C O M P A R E D T O R E A D I N G L I T E R A T U R E T H A T D O E S N ’ T C O N T A I N I M A G E S . 8
  16. 16. PHOTO CREDIT RYAN MCGUIRE F U R T H E R M O R E , C O M I C B O O K S A R E A N ENGAGING CHOICE W H E N I T C O M E S T O I N D E P E N D E N T R E A D I N G .
  17. 17. A N D I T ’ S I M P O R T A N T T O C U L T I V A T E A PASSION PHOTO CREDIT Mi PHAM F O R R E A D I N G E A R L Y O N .
  18. 18. “Reading is an acquired skill. If you have negative experiences early on when reading, you just quit.” 9 M I C H E L E G O R M A N - A U T H O R A N D L I B R A R I A N
  19. 19. PHOTO CREDIT ALEXIS BROWN T H E A B I L I T Y O F C O M I C B O O K S T O I G N I T E CULTURAL CONVERSATION F U R T H E R A D D S T O T H E I R M E R I T .
  20. 20. A K I N T O G E N E R A L I N T E R E S T M A G A Z I N E T I T L E S , COMIC BOOKS PHOTO CREDIT ANNA VANDER STEL I N S P I R E C O N V E R S A T I O N A N D G I V E P E O P L E T H I N G S T O T H I N K A B O U T . 1 0
  21. 21. PHOTO CREDIT INSPIRED IMAGES W H E R E C O M I C B O O K S W E R E O N C E R E G A R D E D A S H O L D I N G L O W C U L T U R A L V A L U E , A S M U L T I M O D A L T E X T S , T H E Y A R E F I N A L L Y GAINING RESPECT I N T H E E D U C A T I O N A L C O M M U N I T Y .
  22. 22. PHOTO CREDIT ALEJANDRO ESCAMILLA P A R T I C U L A R L Y B E C A U S E E N G A G I N G W I T H M U L T I M O D A L T E X T S P R O V I D E S C H I L D R E N W I T H A S K I L L S E T GEARED TOWARDS T H E K N O W L E D G E E C O N O M Y O F T H E 2 1 s t C E N T U R Y . 1 1
  23. 23. PHOTO CREDIT ANDREW MARTIN I N T H I S C O N T E X T , C O M I C B O O K S A R E A P O W E R F U L M E D I A F O R M . T H I S P O W E R C A N B E S U M M A R I Z E D B Y A N I D E A C U L L E D F R O M T H E U S E S & G R A T I F I C A T I O N T H E O R Y — N A M E L Y , T H A T M E D I A D O N O T D O T H I N G S T O P E O P L E , PEOPLE DO THINGS W I T H M E D I A . 1 2
  24. 24. PHOTO CREDIT ERIKA WITTLIEB A N D W E A R E S E E I N G P E O P L E D O G R E A T T H I N G S W I T H C O M I C B O O K S . THIS SUPERHERO IS RESHAPING THE LITERARY GAME.
  25. 25. Botan ica 1. ABC Life Literacy Canada, “Facts and Research,” accessed March 1, 2017. http://abclifeliteracy.ca/workplace-literacy-facts. 2. Sidneyeve Matrix, “Print Media: Books,” Lecture, Queen’s University, Kingston, ON, February 7, 2017. 3. Ibid. 4. Ibid. 5. “Using Comics and Graphic Novels in the Classroom,” NCTE The Council Chronicle (September 2005), accessed February 24, 2017, http://www.ncte.org/magazine/archives/122031. 6. Renee Krusemark, “Comic books in the American college classroom: a study of critical thinking,” Journal of Graphic Novels and Comics 8:1 (2017): 60, accessed February 24, 2017, http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1080/21504857.2016.1233895. 7. Ibid. 8. Ibid, 69. 9. Greg Toppo, “Teachers are getting graphic,” USA Today, May 3, 2005, accessed February 26, 2017, http://usatoday.com/life/books/news/ 2005-05-03-educational-comics_x.htm. 10. Sidneyeve Matrix, “Print Media: Magazines,” Lecture, Queen’s University, Kingston, ON, February 14, 2017. 11. Jackie Marsh et al., “Young children’s initiation into family literacy practices in the digital age,” Journal of Early Childhood Research 15:1 (2015): 2, accessed January 10, 2017, http://journals.sagepub.com/ doi/10.1177/1476718X15582095. 12. Sidneyeve Matrix, “Media Use Research,” Lecture, Queen’s University, Kingston, ON, January 17, 2017. R E F E R E N C E S © E R I N K O W A L S K I , 2 0 1 7 F I L M 2 4 0 | Q U E E N ’ S U N I V E R S I T Y A L L P H O T O S L I C E N S E D U N D E R C R E A T I V E C O M M O N S Z E R O

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