The allegory of the cave


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The allegory of the cave

  1. 1. The Allegory of the Cave Plato
  2. 2. Round Robin <ul><li>Take a minute and go back through the text. If you haven’t underlined passages go back through and do so. If you have already, then go back through and find something you underlined and ask yourself: Why did I underlines this? What is the importance of it? </li></ul><ul><li>In groups number off who will speak first and then proceed as follows: </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>First person reads the passage </li></ul><ul><li>Next person says what this passage means, or makes them think of. This continues until it reaches the first person again. </li></ul><ul><li>The first person who read the passage has the FINAL WORD. </li></ul><ul><li>NO CROSS TALK. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Rhetoric and Style <ul><li>What does the speaker identify as his purpose? </li></ul><ul><li>Explain the analogy the speakers makes? </li></ul><ul><li>Characterize the tone of Socrates, the principal speaker. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Characterize the attitude and tone of Glaucon. </li></ul><ul><li>Explain the implication the speaker makes about the way humans live. Does such a characterization apply to life today? </li></ul><ul><li>Socrates explains the allegory he has thus far made. How persuasive is he? </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>In paragraphs 1-35, does the speaker appeal primarily to ethos, logos, or pathos? Explain. </li></ul><ul><li>In the second half of the essay (paragraphs 36-68), identify an appeal to ethos, logos, and pathos. Which is most prominent? </li></ul><ul><li>What does the Cave stand for in Plato’s allegory? Make a list of the elements in the allegory—chains, light, darkness, and so on—explain what they present. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Characterize the education recommended. </li></ul><ul><li>Explain the reasoning behind Glaucon’s questioning. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Identify the place where the argument shifts from fact and value to policy. </li></ul><ul><li>Consider the assumptions underlying Glacuson’s reply. Are they sound? </li></ul><ul><li>Compare and contrast Plato’s Argument on leadership to Machiavelli's. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>The cave is an allegory for everyday reality. Who are the prisoners? </li></ul><ul><li>What kinds of activities do the prisoners engage in? How does this compare to our present experiences with popular imagery? </li></ul><ul><li>Plato describes the process of the prisoner being liberated from the chains. Is this a voluntary liberation? </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Who helps the prisoner make sense of realities both in and outside the cave? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the experience of release like for the prisoner? Can he immediately interpret the new images and realities? Why or why not? </li></ul><ul><li>Why does the prisoner have to return to the cave? Since we have established that the remaining prisoners will not welcome his return, why should we send this liberated prisoner back? </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>We have two very different models of education: blank slate information delivery (i.e., the prisoners in the cave who learn the names of the shadows through repetition) and the discovery process in which the prisoner is forced to experience and explore realities outside of his comfort zone. Is one method better than the other? If so, why? </li></ul><ul><li>How might the arts benefit from an audience that has been educated through the process of discovery? Do the arts require an active engagement to learn and understand? </li></ul>
  12. 12. Group Work <ul><li>An allegory is a kind of story in which what happens is being compared to something else that is similar and unstated. </li></ul><ul><li>Your task as a group is to come up with a modern allegory that would be an allusion to “The Modern of the Cave,” but is related to issues of modern society. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Extra Credit <ul><li>Create your own modern allegory. (1-2 pages) </li></ul><ul><li>Illustrate in some fashion Plato’s philosophy that is represented in “The Allegory of the Cave.” </li></ul>