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Mesa Verde: More Than Just Cliff Dwellings


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Mesa Verde: More Than Just Cliff Dwellings

  1. 1. Mesa Verde: More Than Just Cliff Dwellings
  2. 2. Mesa Verde: <ul><li>Mesa Verde Ruins Found 1880’s </li></ul><ul><li>National Park Status in 1906 </li></ul><ul><li>Major Rock Type: Sandstone </li></ul><ul><li>Who Built the Ruins: Ancient Puebloans </li></ul>
  3. 3. Influential People <ul><li>Virginia McClurg was a reporter who fought to protect the park for 20 years before it became a park. </li></ul><ul><li>Gustaf Nordenskiold was one of the first Archaeologist to go and examine the ruins, his book and work help raise awareness. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Park Layout
  5. 5. Landscape & Ruins
  6. 6. Startographic Layers Silt sandstone ______________________________ __ ____________ Shale
  7. 7. Geologic Time Not Exposed in Park Dakota Sandstone Slope-former; deep-water deposits, muds, silts, fine sands Mancos Shale Cliff-former; massive, fine, cross-bedded sands Point Lookout Sandstone Backshore and lagoonal deposits; silts, muds, sand, coal beds Menefee Cliff former; Thick accumulations of fine cross-bedded sand ans thin shale beds ob oscillating shoreline Barker Dome Tongue & Lower Member Cliff House Sandstone Mesa Verde Upper Creataceous Mesozoic Tertiaty Weathering of alcoves in cliff walls Headward erosion of canyons Uplift and tilting; isolation of Mesa Verde cuesta by erosion Developmetn of pediment Uplift of La Plata and San Juan Mountains Uplift of Colorado Plateaus during Laramide orogeny Stream deposits, talus loess soil Pediment gravels, cobbles Quaternary Cenozoic Geological Events Member Formation Group Period Era
  8. 8. Material Makeup <ul><li>Alcoves are made of eroded Sandstone </li></ul><ul><li>Bricks made of Sandstone </li></ul><ul><li>Alternating Sandstone & Shale made springs in alcoves possible </li></ul>
  9. 9. Controversy <ul><li>Anasazi was the word first word to describe those that built the ruins. </li></ul><ul><li>Anasazi means “Ancient Ones” and “Enemy” in Navajo </li></ul><ul><li>Tribes of the area prefer the term Ancient Pubeloans </li></ul>
  10. 10. Spruce Tree House
  11. 11. Balcony House
  12. 12. Cliff Palace
  13. 13. Restoration Before & After