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E health, mhealth and apps


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Presentation at the DIA Euromeeting 2014

Published in: Health & Medicine
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E health, mhealth and apps

  1. 1. eHealth, mHealth and Apps Erik Vollebregt Partner Axon Lawyers 26th Annual EuroMeeting 25-27 March 2014 ACV, Vienna Austria
  2. 2. • Some words about the law • Practical problems companies run into • Modest proposals for solutions Agenda 2
  3. 3. • eHealth Action Plan 2012 – 2020 – struggles with Lisbon competences (“EU action shall respect the responsibilities of the Member States for the definition of their health policy and for the organisation and delivery of health services and medical care.”) • Pretty big changes in – regulation of medicinal products and medical devices / IVDs – regulation of collection and processing of health data EU political background 3
  4. 4. • Currently in flux with General Data Protection Regulation proposal • Horizontal approach to all data causes friction in mHealth/eHealth sector – What we want to limit in marketing and social media, we actually want to promote in healthcare (e.g. monitoring, profiling, further processing, traceability) Personal data concerning health 4
  5. 5. General Data Protection Regulation • Privacy-by-design/privacy-by-default requirements • Software that captures health data must be compliant by default with the design requirements • Companies struggle with design requirements 5
  6. 6. General Data Protection Regulation • Data subject‟s rights implementation – Right to correct, information, be forgotten and of erasure problematic in clinical context – Right to request interoperable and open source format copy of processed data – Right to understand automated processing logic 6
  7. 7. • MEDDEV 2.1/6 on standalone software, currently under revision • Differences in interpretation of what software constitutes a medical device • EN 62304 standard • Lack of harmonised interoperability standards Regulation of software as MD / IVD 7
  8. 8. Standalone software as medical device • Proposed new expansive definition of „medical device‟ that will impact mobile health 8
  9. 9. Accessories • Accessories are regulated as medical devices, even if they are not medical devices themselves • Accessory 2.0 under new MDR and IVDD proposals: – “an article which, whilst not being a medical device, is intended by its manufacturer to be used together with one or several particular medical device(s) to specifically enable or assist the device(s) to be used in accordance with its/their intended purpose(s)” • Addition of concept “or assist” potentially enlarges the scope considerably 9
  10. 10. Standalone software as a medical device • Some new requirements software validation and verification under proposed new medical devices rules – Introduction of „mobile computing platform‟ – Environmental factors 10
  11. 11. Software as medical device • MDEG on borderline and classification is working on several software matters • EU court Lycocentre case – “every member state can qualify device differently on different scientific considerations” 11
  12. 12. Borderline health / wellness 12 • Commission Green Paper on Health & Wellness to be released any moment • EU court Brain Products case: “medical context” needed for medical device qualification
  13. 13. Standalone software as medical device • No eIFU for apps – compliance catch 22 13
  14. 14. • Professional liability • Contractual liability • Defective product – Member states differ in whether e/mHealth software is a “product” under EU Product Liability Directive (85/374) • Network outages? Liability 14
  15. 15. Case study 15
  16. 16. Case study 16
  17. 17. Disclaimer The views and opinions expressed in the following PowerPoint slides are those of the individual presenter and should not be attributed to Drug Information Association, Inc. (“DIA”), its directors, officers, employees, volunteers, members, chapters, councils, Special Interest Area Communities or affiliates, or any organization with which the presenter is employed or affiliated. These PowerPoint slides are the intellectual property of the individual presenter and are protected under the copyright laws of the United States of America and other countries. Used by permission. All rights reserved. Drug Information Association, DIA and DIA logo are registered trademarks or trademarks of Drug Information Association Inc. All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners.