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HOW TO INTEGRATE ICT IN THE  SCHOOLS & CLASSROOMS  WHEN ICT IS AN EFFECTIVE WAY TO LEARN,   WHY DOESN’T EVERY TEACHER USE ...
Dobro jutro kolegi Vesel         sem,    Goedemorgen collegas.Fijn jullie te mogen ontmoeten
http://socrative.com
School 1
School 2
School 3
School 4
Four elements, four in
1       23   4
Four elements, four inhttp://goo.gl/g0X4C
Vision of the school on ICT and             pedaogy• ICT is a medium which can  enhance learning• ICT enhances learning• 2...
Expertise of the teacher/          management• What is the level of expertise of  – The management?  – ICT-coördinator  – ...
5 domains of expertise1.   Attitude2.   Instrumental Skills3.   Information Skills4.   General Pedagogics     1.   Present...
Digital learning materials• Curriculum content• Additional content from internet  resources: Khan academy , iTunesU,
Web 2.0 tools
ICT infrastructure•       Hard- and software•    Wired or Wifi connection•            Reliability•   Easy access (Single si...
Give answer on the first 6             questions• Vision is strongly developed in the  Slovenian schools?• The expertise of...
The four elements• Roughly two ways to introduce ICT in  the schools  – Educational push  – Technology push
Example of technology push
Example of educational push                   http://goo.gl/Qt6qL
Technology push             Educational PushPressure                    Connected to the real                            n...
What kind of strategy helps      teachers to participate to     integrate ICT in education?•   Pressure•   Motivate•   Per...
Teacher are well educatedpeople with a well-consideredopion about how pupils learn
Persuade them?• Is working with ICT an effective  strategy? Research saids..
Other meta-analyses• Liao & Hao (2008) concluded, based on  44 meta-analyses (30 f2f-studies and  14 distance education, 1...
Other meta-analyses• Means et al. (2010) based on 176 studies  (k-12, 99 studies with an (quasi)  experimental design): st...
Other meta-analyses• Higgins (2003): “[t]here is evidence from  research that ICT can help pupils to learn  and teachers t...
So
IF ICT IS AN EFFECTIVE WAY TO            LEARN,
• Does age matter?• Is there something like fear of  computers?• Computer attiude?• Computeruse and –experience?• Does tim...
3 Varaiables which predict if the   teacher would use ICT in• Attitude: the degree to which a person  has a favorable or u...
Attitude:Moderating variables in attitude:• The fear for ICT• Entrepeneuship (within the teacher  job: taking risks, tryin...
Subjective normModerating variables in attitude:• The fear for ICT• Entrepeneuship (within the teacher  job: taking risks,...
Self-efficayModerating variables in attitude:• The fear for ICT• The effective support• ICT SkillsAnswers• Working on ICT ...
However (Higgins, 2003) ICT has only added value when teachers are able   exploit ICT in a pedaogical way
Teacher designteams• Collaborative course design• Teachers designing their own materials• Stimulate critical thinking
http://goo.gl/rk4khttp://goo.gl/g0X4Chttp://goo.gl/Aq4mRhttp://goo.gl/iTXaxhttp://goo.gl/NUiFdhttp://goo.gl/exPM
http://goo.gl/0b4dhttp://goo.gl/k68chttp://goo.gl/hn3eBhttp://goo.gl/Mwt6jhttp://goo.gl/agMZB
121031 how to integrate ict in the schools
121031 how to integrate ict in the schools
121031 how to integrate ict in the schools
121031 how to integrate ict in the schools
121031 how to integrate ict in the schools
121031 how to integrate ict in the schools
121031 how to integrate ict in the schools
121031 how to integrate ict in the schools
121031 how to integrate ict in the schools
121031 how to integrate ict in the schools
121031 how to integrate ict in the schools
121031 how to integrate ict in the schools
121031 how to integrate ict in the schools
121031 how to integrate ict in the schools
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121031 how to integrate ict in the schools

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Netbook Project Slovenia part 1 Een presentatie die Erik Bolhuis gegeven heeft in een Netbook Project in Slovenië

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121031 how to integrate ict in the schools

  1. 1. HOW TO INTEGRATE ICT IN THE SCHOOLS & CLASSROOMS WHEN ICT IS AN EFFECTIVE WAY TO LEARN, WHY DOESN’T EVERY TEACHER USE IT? HOW TO INFLUENCE THE USE OF ICT IN
  2. 2. Dobro jutro kolegi Vesel sem, Goedemorgen collegas.Fijn jullie te mogen ontmoeten
  3. 3. http://socrative.com
  4. 4. School 1
  5. 5. School 2
  6. 6. School 3
  7. 7. School 4
  8. 8. Four elements, four in
  9. 9. 1 23 4
  10. 10. Four elements, four inhttp://goo.gl/g0X4C
  11. 11. Vision of the school on ICT and pedaogy• ICT is a medium which can enhance learning• ICT enhances learning• 21st century skills are important for our pupils• ICT is necessary because the school next door is using it• Etc..
  12. 12. Expertise of the teacher/ management• What is the level of expertise of – The management? – ICT-coördinator – The teachers? – The assistants? – The pupils? – The parents?
  13. 13. 5 domains of expertise1. Attitude2. Instrumental Skills3. Information Skills4. General Pedagogics 1. Presenting 2. Collaborating and communicating 3. Working individually 4. Guiding and evaluating 5. Testing5. Creating http://goo.gl/Aq4mR
  14. 14. Digital learning materials• Curriculum content• Additional content from internet resources: Khan academy , iTunesU,
  15. 15. Web 2.0 tools
  16. 16. ICT infrastructure• Hard- and software• Wired or Wifi connection• Reliability• Easy access (Single sign on)
  17. 17. Give answer on the first 6 questions• Vision is strongly developed in the Slovenian schools?• The expertise of the manager is excellent• The expertise of the teachers is excellent• The ICT-infrastructure in schools is excellent: you can easily access the network• Digital materials are present plentifully• Schools have a lot of knowledge about
  18. 18. The four elements• Roughly two ways to introduce ICT in the schools – Educational push – Technology push
  19. 19. Example of technology push
  20. 20. Example of educational push http://goo.gl/Qt6qL
  21. 21. Technology push Educational PushPressure Connected to the real needs of the teacher(s)Top down Bottom upStraight forwardTechnology central Pedagogical settings centralPlanned strategyControlled by the manager Controlled by the teacherEverybody has to Trendsetters and lurkersparticipateIs there really something Something new isnew? happening
  22. 22. What kind of strategy helps teachers to participate to integrate ICT in education?• Pressure• Motivate• Persuade• Disruptive class
  23. 23. Teacher are well educatedpeople with a well-consideredopion about how pupils learn
  24. 24. Persuade them?• Is working with ICT an effective strategy? Research saids..
  25. 25. Other meta-analyses• Liao & Hao (2008) concluded, based on 44 meta-analyses (30 f2f-studies and 14 distance education, 1376 + 968 studies) that on cognitive aspects .29 effect and .06 effect on affective aspects Liao , Y.K. & Hao Y. (2008). Large scale studies and quantative methods. In : J. Voogt & G. Knezek (2008). International Handbook of information technology in primary and secondary education. Pp 1019-1035. New York: Springer
  26. 26. Other meta-analyses• Means et al. (2010) based on 176 studies (k-12, 99 studies with an (quasi) experimental design): students in online conditions performed better (overall effectsize .20). Instruction combine f2f with online is better than only online (. 35). Effectsize was larger where students work corraboratively. The results appears Means , B., Toyama, Y., Murphy, R., Bakia, M. & Jones, K. (2010). Evaluation of evidence-based practices in online learning: a meta-analysis and review of online learning. Washington: U.S. Depratment of Education
  27. 27. Other meta-analyses• Higgins (2003): “[t]here is evidence from research that ICT can help pupils to learn and teachers to teach more effectively. However there is not a simple message in such evidence that ICT will make a difference simply by being used. Findings suggest that although ICT can improve learning there are a number of issues thatneed to be considered if such Means , B., Toyama, Y., Murphy, R., Bakia, M. & Jones, K. (2010). Evaluation of evidence-based practices in online learning: a meta-analysis and review of online learning. Washington: U.S. Depratment of Education
  28. 28. So
  29. 29. IF ICT IS AN EFFECTIVE WAY TO LEARN,
  30. 30. • Does age matter?• Is there something like fear of computers?• Computer attiude?• Computeruse and –experience?• Does time matter?
  31. 31. 3 Varaiables which predict if the teacher would use ICT in• Attitude: the degree to which a person has a favorable or unfavorable evaluation or appraisal of the behavior in question• Subjective norm: the perceived social pressure to perform or not to perform the behavior;• Self-efficacy: beliefs in one’s
  32. 32. Attitude:Moderating variables in attitude:• The fear for ICT• Entrepeneuship (within the teacher job: taking risks, trying to innovate, etc.)Answers:1. Gain the necessary experiences in to integrate ICT in the lessons
  33. 33. Subjective normModerating variables in attitude:• The fear for ICT• Entrepeneuship (within the teacher job: taking risks, trying to innovate, etc.)• The effective supportAnswers:• On the right time, on the right place,
  34. 34. Self-efficayModerating variables in attitude:• The fear for ICT• The effective support• ICT SkillsAnswers• Working on ICT skills
  35. 35. However (Higgins, 2003) ICT has only added value when teachers are able exploit ICT in a pedaogical way
  36. 36. Teacher designteams• Collaborative course design• Teachers designing their own materials• Stimulate critical thinking
  37. 37. http://goo.gl/rk4khttp://goo.gl/g0X4Chttp://goo.gl/Aq4mRhttp://goo.gl/iTXaxhttp://goo.gl/NUiFdhttp://goo.gl/exPM
  38. 38. http://goo.gl/0b4dhttp://goo.gl/k68chttp://goo.gl/hn3eBhttp://goo.gl/Mwt6jhttp://goo.gl/agMZB

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