Fetal alcohol syndrome


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Fetal alcohol syndrome

  1. 1. Fetal AlcoholSyndromeBy: Erica Addoh
  2. 2. Scenario # 9Simon and his brother Thomas (3year old twins) haverecently been diagnosed with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. Theboys’ foster parents have moved into the Toronto area fromNorth Bay and are in the process of adopting the twins.They confide in you (an ECE in the junior preschool room)that they are feeling a bit overwhelmed by the diagnosis andthe move to the big city. Both boys show signs of cognitivedelay and have difficulty with impulse control. The parentsask your advice on services in the Toronto area.
  3. 3. The needs of the childrenand families • Preparation of living • Early Intervention Services • Protective Factors • Behavior and Education Therapy • Parent Training
  4. 4. The child with specialneeds … Fetal AlcoholSyndromeFetal Alcohol Syndrome is an inborn syndrome causedby excessive consumption of alcohol by the motherduring pregnancy, characterized by retardation of both...
  5. 5. Types of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome• Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS)• Alcohol-Related Neurodevelopmental Disorder (ARND)• Alcohol-Related Birth Defects (ARBD)
  6. 6. The Signs and Symptomsof Fetal Alcohol SyndromeFAS refer to the whole range of effects that can happento a person whose mother drank alcohol duringpregnancy. These conditions can affect each person indifferent ways, and can range from mild to severe.
  7. 7. Facts about Fetal Alcohol SyndromeFetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) are a group of conditionsthat can occur in a person whose mother drank alcoholduring pregnancy. These effects can include physicalproblems and problems with behavior and learning. Often, aperson with an FAS has a mix of these problems.
  8. 8. Diagnosis of Fetal Alcohol SyndromeTo diagnose FAS, doctors look for:• Abnormal facial features (e.g., smooth ridge between nose and upper lip)• Lower-than-average height, weight, or both• Central nervous system problems (e.g., small head size, problems with attention and hyperactivity, poor coordination)• Prenatal alcohol exposure; although confirmation is not required to make a diagnosis
  9. 9. Treatment of Fetal Alcohol SyndromeMany types of treatments are available for people with FAS.They can generally be broken down into four categories:• Medical Care• Medication• Behavior and Education Therapy• Alternative Approaches
  10. 10. Agency for Fetal Alcohol SyndromeFASD ONE Fetal Alcohol Spectrum DisordersOntario Network of ExpertiseSupports:Diagnostic Clinics in the Toronto areaMothercraft (Breaking the Cycle) FASD Diagnostic ClinicWebsite: www.mothercraft.caSupport Groups :FASworld Family FASD Support GroupLocation: TorontoContact: ogrady@pathcom.com
  11. 11. Agency for Fetal AlcoholSyndromeFASD ONE Fetal Alcohol Spectrum DisordersOntario Network of Expertisehttp://www.fasdontario.ca/cms/resources/diagnostic-clinicsFASD Ontario Network of Expertise (FASD ONE) is a group that works togetherto address issues related to Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) in theprovince. Membership includes experts and specialists in research, healthpromotion, diagnosis, justice services, community and policy development, andservice delivery as well as family members who have intimate knowledge of thepractical needs of individuals with this disability. Group members have beenworking together for a number of years but have formalized the collaborativeapproach in 2005.
  12. 12. Agencies for Fetal AlcoholSyndrome Brochure
  13. 13. Strategies for the special needs children of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome…• Observer the child’s areas of strengths and weaknesses.• Use positive feedback, frequent reminders and provide additional time for completion of work with appropriate supports to ease the frustration level.• Provide appropriate materials for the child depending on the level or type of their disorder• Allow the child to work in a group setting
  14. 14. ReflectionIt is so disturbing to know that there are some women that will intake alcoholduring their pregnancy. I know that there are some people in this world that gothrough a lot in life and have ways of soothing their pain, but to allow ainnocent child to suffer as he/she struggles to develop is heartless, especially ifit can be prevented.As I did my reach on fetal alcohol syndrome I was glade to find out that there isso much help here in Toronto to meet these special children’s disabilities, needsand behavior. The sad thing is that fetal alcohol syndrome can be prevented, butis not as long as an expected mother continues drinking and not following ahealthy diet, a child will be a victim of fetal alcohol syndrome. My weaknesswhen doing this assignment is doing the research on a right agency for Simonand Thomas and adopted parents. I wanted to make sure that the agencyprovides everything they need to help them with their children and have theproper parenting training to understand the children’s development and needs.I enjoyed this course on special needs children and learned a lot about differentway to approach, understand and teach a child, also the different types ofdisabilities and the children’s different levels of development.
  15. 15. Bibliography Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for DiseaseControl and Prevention, 19 Aug. 2011. Web. 18 Mar. 2013. "Diagnostic Clinics | FASD ONE." Diagnostic Clinics | FASD ONE.N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Mar. 2013. "Facts about FASDs." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 22 Sept. 2011. Web. 18 Mar. 2013. "FASworld | "Building Awareness, One Ripple at a Time...""FASworld Home Comments. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Mar. 2013. "Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder." ConnectABILITY Fetal AlcoholSpectrum Disorder Comments. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Mar. 2013.
  16. 16. Thank You.