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PPE training, developed 2014

Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) training for new employees. Required by OSHA and state agencies such as MIOSHA.

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PPE training, developed 2014

  1. 1. Personal Protective EquipmentPersonal Protective Equipment TrainingTraining
  2. 2. KEV24KEV24
  4. 4. Number of Serious Violations – FY 2009 Subpart I - Personal Protective Equipment (1910.132 - 139) 499 449 387 382 356 134(e)(1) 134(c)(1) 132(a) 133(a)(1) 132(d)(1) Personal protective equipment Eye & face protection PPE hazard assessment Standard:1910. Written respiratory protection program Medical evaluation to determine employee’s ability to use respirator
  5. 5. 1910.132 & 33 General Requirements  (a) Protective equipment, including personal protective equipment for:  Eyes,  Face,  Head, and extremities,  Protective clothing,  Respiratory devices, and  Protective shields and barriers……  Shall be provided, used, and maintained in a sanitary and reliable condition wherever it is necessary by reason of hazards of processes or environment, Chemical hazards, radiological hazards, or mechanical irritants encountered in a matter capable of causing injury or impairment in the function of any part of the body through absorption, inhalation or physical contact.
  6. 6. MIOSHA Part 33 and OSHA 1910.133
  7. 7. 1910.133 Eye and Face protection  (a)(1)Ensure that each affected employee uses appropriate eye or face protection when exposed to eye or face hazards from:  Flying particles,  Molten metal,  Liquid chemicals, acids or caustic liquids,  Chemical gases or vapors, or potentially injurious light radiation
  8. 8. 1910.133 Eye and Face protection  (a)(2)Ensure that each affected employee uses eye protection that provides side protection when there is a hazard from flying objects* *Detachable side protectors (e.g. clip-on or slide-on side shields) meeting the pertinent requirements of this section are acceptable.
  9. 9. Eye and Face Protection Primary Protection - Personal protective equipment when used alone provides an acceptable level of protection. - Safety glasses with side shields - Safety goggles Secondary Protection - Personal protective equipment which does not provide an acceptable level of protection when used alone. When wearing secondary protection, you must also wear primary protection. - Face shield -Welding helmet
  10. 10. Eye and Face Protection  Eye Protection  Safety Glasses (Primary Protection)  Goggles (Primary Protection)  Direct Vent (Protection from impact of large particles only)  Indirect Vent (Prevents direct passage of large particles, liquids & dusts)  Welder’s Helmet (Secondary Protection)  Face Protection  Face Shield (Secondary Protection)  Welder’s Helmet (Secondary Protection)
  11. 11. Safety Eyewear  All safety eyewear are marked.  Glasses temples and/or frame with “Z87.1”  Prescription lens have manufacturer etch mark.  Face Shield lens and frame with “Z87.1”  Goggles marked “Z87.1”
  12. 12. Primary Protection Plano Safety Glasses Z87.1 Mark Prescription Safety Glasses Z87.1 Mark Manufacturer’s Etching
  13. 13. Primary Protection Direct Vent Goggles Indirect Vent Goggles Vent Holes Vent Baffles Impact protection from large particles only Protection from large particles, liquids and dusts
  14. 14. Secondary Protection (Also requires primary protection to be worn) Face Shield Welding Helmet Z87.1 Mark Z87.1 Mark
  15. 15. Safety Eyewear & Face Protection  Inspect safety eyewear and face protection prior to donning.  Safety eyewear and face protection must be clean of material and free from scratches that impede vision.  All damaged safety eyewear and face protection must be replaced.  Safety glasses with side shields or goggles must always be worn under secondary eye and face protection, e.g., face shield or welding helmet.
  16. 16. Safety Eyewear & Face Protection Requirements  Safety glasses with side shields must be worn at all times when in the manufacturing area unless in a Plant designated exempt area  Welding helmet must be worn during welding operations unless appropriate alternate protection is in-place, e.g., welding curtains  Must also wear primary protection when wearing a welding helmet
  17. 17. Safety Eyewear & Face Protection Requirements  Face shield required when the potential for flying particles and/or splashing liquids exists, e.g.,:  Operating milling, boring or drilling equipment  Grinding operations (hand-held or pedestal mounted)  Operating spot welders which creates flying sparks  Transferring hazardous liquids into containers  Using compressed air to clean equipment  NEVER USE AIR TO CLEAN-OFF YOUR BODY OR CLOTHES (Also requires primary protection to be worn)
  18. 18. Respiratory Protection 29 CFR 1910.134 MIOSHA 451
  19. 19. Regulatory Requirements  Covers all required and voluntary use of respiratory protection in general industry  Requires a written program for required  Requires employee training, medical evaluation, and fit-testing
  20. 20. Elements of a Respiratory Protection Program  Written operating procedures  Proper selection of types  Training and fitting  Cleaning and disinfecting  Storage  Inspection and maintenance  Work area surveillance
  21. 21. Effective Use of Respirators  During installation of engineering controls  During maintenance operations  During process turnarounds  For non-routine tasks  For emergency response  At hazardous waste site operations  When other controls are inadequate  When other controls are not feasible
  22. 22. 1910.135(a) General requirements  (1) Ensure that each employee wears a protective helmet when working in areas where there is a potential for injury to the head from falling objects
  23. 23. Head Protection  While hard hats are not usually required while working in the Plant, they must be worn by:  Personnel near or around work being performed overhead (e.g., on ladders, scaffolds, high lifts)  Personnel working under mezzanines with open grate flooring.  Personnel in any work situation where the potential for falling of flying objects exist
  24. 24. Head Protection Protective hats are made in the following types and classes: Type 1 – helmets with full brim, not less than 1 and ¼ inches wide Type 2 – brimless helmets with a peak extending forward from the crown. For industrial purposes, three classes are recognized: Class A – general service, limited voltage protection Class B – utility service, high-voltage protection Class C – special service, no voltage protection
  25. 25. Hard Hats Continued  The ANSI Standard referenced in these Standards has been updated.  The current version of the ANSI standard Z89.1 references a change in class lettering and numbering.  Glass G (General) replaces Class A helmets are proof tested at 2,200 volts.  Class E (Electrical), replaces Class B helmets are proof tested at 20,000 volts.  C (Conductive) remains Class C provides no electrical insulation; the alpha designation did not change from the old standard.
  26. 26. Head Protection • Hard hats must be worn with the bill forward. – Protects the face and nose. • The shell must be clean and free from significant scratches, dents and abrasions. • The harness must be fully intact, installed properly into the shell and there must be a one-(1) inch minimum head space between the hard hat suspension and the inside of the shell.
  27. 27. Head Protection 1” Minimum All harness connections correctly installed
  28. 28. HARD HATS
  29. 29. HARD HATS
  30. 30.  Ensure that each affected employee uses protective footwear when working in areas where there is:  A danger or potential of foot injuries due to falling or rolling objects, or  Objects piercing the sole, and  Where such employee's feet are exposed to electrical hazards 1910.136(a) General requirements
  31. 31. SAFETY SHOES ♦Steel toe safety shoes are recommended for protection from falling objects ♦Should have oil / slip resistant soles and heels ♦Durable uppers ♦Sturdy construction ♦Replace when no longer provide protection ♦Sandals and other types of open-toed shoes are not permitted in the work area
  32. 32. 1910.138(a) General requirements  Employers shall select and require employees to use appropriate hand protection when employees' hands are exposed to hazards such as those from:  Skin absorption of harmful substances;  Severe cuts or lacerations;  Severe abrasions;  Punctures;  Chemical burns;  Thermal burns; and  Harmful temperature extremes
  33. 33. 36 Guidelines for Hand & Arm Protection Use  Chemical Resistant Gloves  Wash gloves before removing  Remove first glove. Grab cuff of second glove with bare hand and remove glove inside-out
  34. 34. 37 Guidelines for Hand & Arm Protection Use  Kevlar sleeves and all glove types:  Inspect for uncharacteristic wear, tears, cracks, holes. Discard and replace if damaged.  Chemical Resistant Gloves:  Check for holes or wear of the resistant coating. Do the “roll-up balloon test”. Discard and replace if damaged .
  35. 35. PPE Requirements Hazard PPE Dry Temperature Extremes Heavy Cotton Glove or Kevlar Gloves and Kevlar Sleeves Chemical Exposure (e.g., solvents) Chemical Resistant Gloves (e.g., Neoprene) Using Cutting Tools (e.g., razor knife) Kevlar Gloves and Kevlar Sleeves Sharp Objects (e.g., metal parts) Kevlar Gloves or Cotton Gloves and Kevlar Sleeves Bumps, Scrapes, Pinch Points (General Use) Cotton Gloves, Leather Glovesor Kevlar Gloves
  36. 36. 39 Additional Arm Protection Requirements  Kevlar Sleeves must be worn when:  Working on or around hot surfaces, e.g.,:  Steam and condensate lines  Heated parts washers  Operating welding units  Handling hot parts  Using cutting tools:  Razor knives  Handling or working near sharp objects or equipment:  Steel or metal parts  Wood pallets and cardboard boxes  Operating presses and die setting
  37. 37. Issue Date: 11/19/02 40 Leather Gloves Chemical Resistant Heavy Cotton Gloves Light Cotton Gloves Kevlar Gloves
  38. 38. Kevlar Sleeves
  39. 39. General PPE Guidelines Don’t wear other employee’s PPE Don’t wear contaminated PPE Dispose of PPE properly Don’t take contaminated PPE into the offices, eating areas or home Decontaminate & store PPE properly Wash hands prior to eating / smoking If you are unsure about the correct PPE to wear, contact your supervisor or Plant Safety personnel. All employees are expected to wear the proper PPE
  40. 40. Hearing Protection 29 CFR 1910.95 & MIOSHA 380
  41. 41. Hearing Protection  There are three types of hearing protection – ear muffs, earplugs and ear caps.  Ear muffs and earplugs provide about equal protection, ear caps somewhat less. Types of Hearing Protection earmuffs earplugs ear caps
  42. 42. Hearing Protection  Earplugs are made of foam, rubber or plastic and are either one-size-fits-all or in sizes small, medium and large.  Some are disposable, some are reusable which must be washed daily.  They are lightweight, and require no maintenance.  They are inserted into the ear canal. Hearing Protection – Ear Plugs
  43. 43. Hearing Protection  All hearing protectors are designed to reduce the intensity (loudness) of noise to the inner ear.  Wads of cotton, bits of cloth, or gum stuffed in the ear are not appropriate protection. Types of Hearing Protectors Cotton doesn’t work!!
  44. 44. Hearing Protection Foam type earplugs are one-size-fits-all and must be inserted properly into the ear. Inserting Foam Earplugs Roll earplug into small cylinder first, then insert in ear.
  45. 45. Hearing Protection Inserting Foam Earplugs Earplug incorrectly inserted Earplug correctly inserted
  46. 46. Hearing Protection Proper Use of Hearing Protection It won’t protect your ears if it is not worn properly!!!
  47. 47. Hearing Protection  It takes just a few minutes of unprotected exposure at noise above 85 decibels to risk hearing damage.  Earplugs not well inserted into the ear canal will not provide complete protection.  Likewise, earmuffs not snug against the head will “leak” noise into the ear. Proper Use of Hearing Protection
  48. 48. Hearing Protection  Hearing aids do not block out enough sound for most workplace noise.  Some hearing aids can actually increase the noise level at the ear.  Just turning off the hearing aids will not prevent further hearing loss from noise exposure. Hearing Aids Are Not Hearing Protection
  49. 49. Hearing Protection Portable Radios/CD Players “Walkmans” do not provide protection from noise. The earphones are not earmuffs and the music only adds to background other noise.