Establishing a Community Garden

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A brief history of the Community Garden movement, as well as the process of developing a Community Garden.

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  • To provide a little bit of context, I want to talk briefly about the history of community gardening and the community gardening movement
    There are three primary eras of community gardening in the United States:
    1.1890s to 1917
    Community gardening promoted by social and educational reformers to:
    Provide land and tech assistance to unemployed
    Teach civics and good work habits to youth
  • During WW II, Victory Gardens fueled the American Community Garden movement. Many Community Gardens were established in public places.
  • 1917 to 1945
    Starting with WWI – Community gardening promoted to supplement and expand national food supply
    See that the federal government got very involved in promoting gardening
    First Victory Garden Campaign
    United States School Garden Army
  • V.G. campaign, WWII—Community and home gardening promoted to increase domestic supply of fresh fruits and vegetables so that commercial production could be used to feed military troops and Allies.
  • Establishing a Community Garden

    1. 1. Community Gardens Growing Food and Building Communities Eric Stormer Extension Agent ANR - Horticulture www.slideshare.net/EricStormer
    2. 2. Virginia Cooperative Extension Organizational Chart Virginia Cooperative Extension Units (107) Extension Faculty (Agents, Specialists) Staff - Paid and Volunteer (Master Gardeners, 4-H, etc. )
    3. 3. VIRGINIA COOPERATIVE EXTENSION MISSION Virginia Cooperative Extension enables people to improve their lives through an educational process that uses scientific knowledge focused on issues and needs.
    4. 4. What is a Community Garden?
    5. 5. A Bit of History…
    6. 6. Some History… The Allotment Garden
    7. 7. Allotment Gardens
    8. 8. 1890 - 1917 The Community Garden Movement - Social and Educational Reform
    9. 9. World War I
    10. 10. World War I
    11. 11. World War II
    12. 12. World War II
    13. 13. 1970s  Response to urban abandonment, inflation, environmental concerns  Focus on networking and building community
    14. 14. The Value of Community Gardens  Aesthetic  Economic  Social  Quality of Life  Reduction in Crime  Lifelong learning  Environmental
    15. 15. Municipal Value
    16. 16. Municipal Value
    17. 17. Recreational
    18. 18. Nutritional Value
    19. 19. Did you eat your vegetables?
    20. 20. Improved Diet!
    21. 21. Value of Community Gardens  Opportunity to participate in healthy physical activity  Fresh, better tasting food at substantially lower cost over store-bought
    22. 22. Exercise • Watering lawn or garden: 61 • Mowing lawn (riding): 101 • Trimming shrubs (power): 142 • Raking: 162 • Bagging leaves: 162 • Planting seedlings: 162 • Mowing (push with motor): 182 • Planting trees: 182 • Trimming shrubs (manual): 182 • Weeding: 182 • Clearing land: 202 • Digging, spading, tilling: 202 • Laying sod: 202 • General gardening: 202 • Chopping wood: 243 • Gardening w/ heavy power tools: 243 • Mowing lawn (push mower): 243 Number of calories burned in 30 minutes of gardening… For a 180 lb. person -
    23. 23. Youth Education
    24. 24. Crime Reduction
    25. 25. Affordable Food
    26. 26. Community Gardens may be for Growing Flowers…
    27. 27. Vegetables,
    28. 28. Children, Brooklyn Botanic Garden Growing Children Since 1914.
    29. 29. as Entrepreneurial Ventures,
    30. 30. and to Combat Hunger.
    31. 31. They may Provide Habitat…
    32. 32. and Reinforce School Lessons.
    33. 33. They may Manage Water…
    34. 34. or they may be Therapeutic.
    35. 35. Some are Edible Landscapes!
    36. 36. But first, we need people,…
    37. 37. and a patch of good soil!
    38. 38. How To Start Plan your work, work your plan.
    39. 39. Growing a Community Garden.
    40. 40. Develop Structure & Leadership
    41. 41. Develop a marketing plan.
    42. 42. Use Social Media!
    43. 43. Develop communication strategies.
    44. 44. Create a Safe Environment
    45. 45. Think ‘bout money!
    46. 46. Partner and Collaborate
    47. 47. Take time to develop a garden plan.
    48. 48. Have Fun!!!
    49. 49. The End Questions? Email: eric.stormer@vt.edu

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