St. Leo University
Types and uses of Assessments
Statistical Information Assessments Provide
Definition of an Assessment
assessment can be defined as using
information to improve learning.
Assessments should be ongoing and to
help educators understand student
assessments are on-going
assessments, reviews, and observations in a
Teachers use formative assessment to
improve instructional methods and student
feedback throughout the teaching and
Examples include quizzes, essays, lab reports,
and diagnostic tests.
Summative assessments are typically used to
evaluate the effectiveness of instructional
programs and services at the end of an
academic year or at a pre-determined time.
The goal of summative assessments is to make
a judgment of student competency after an
instructional phase is complete.
Examples include final exams, statewide tests
(FCAT), national tests (AP or IB exams), and
entrance exams (SAT or ACT).
assessments are used to determine
if further assessments are needed or to
measure if students are progressing as
assessments are given to students
to identify areas of mastery and areas of
Diagnostic assessments are norm
referenced. At my school, students take
the ERB test annually which ranks their
mastery against students from around the
Progress monitoring assessments measure
essential skills that children learn in reading,
writing and math.
Such assessments are given over time to not
only document students' level of
performance, but also their rate of learning.
Both types of information are essential to
determining if the intervention is helping the
student reach grade-level expectations.
assessments document the process
of monitoring, or gathering data which,
when analyzed reveals how effective
teachers or schools are at achieving their
score of thinking ability
A categorical interpretation of the
strength of the overall Score and scale
A norm-referenced percentile ranking
Scale scores to indicate which of the skills
areas are particularly strong and which
are weaker and require attention.
Large Group Assessment
Assessment results provide schools and/ or districts with
descriptive statistics and/or graphic representation of
overall scores and scale scores for the group.
Descriptive graphics and representations include size of the
group, mean, median, standard deviation, standard error
of the mean, lowest score, highest score, first quartile score
and third quartile score.
Descriptive statistics of the demographic characteristics of
the test-taker group.
The average percentile of group as compared to a preselected external norm group.
The ERB test is given to students grades 3 -8 at my school
and the results provide all of the above.