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Living = Growth

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This is a wonderful depiction of Erik Erikson's Lifespan Psychology in the Slide Topics' Models of Management series

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Living = Growth

  1. 1. 1| Erik Erikson’s Lifespan PsychologySlide Topics: Models of Management LIVING = GROWTH Erik Erikson’s Lifespan Psychology Slide Topics: Models of Management
  2. 2. 2| Erik Erikson’s Lifespan PsychologySlide Topics: Models of Management Attribution: All images are from sources where a Creative Commons license exists for commercial use. These include images in the public domain, out of copyright, for fair use, or where no attribution is required. However, attribution is given where specifically requested. Where feasible, a link to the image's source page is given. This image: https://pixabay.com/en/copic-marker-layout- illustrations-141192/ The Models of Management series from Slide Topics is a collection of the best ideas in management and personal development. You can use them in learning programmes and for your own personal development. Each slide is fully researched and richly illustrated. Models of Management Cover pic: https://www.flickr.com/photos/h-k-d/5465719781/
  3. 3. 3| Erik Erikson’s Lifespan PsychologySlide Topics: Models of Management Timeline Born in Frankfurt, Germany to a Jewish mother 1902 Travelled around Europe and slept under bridges 1920 Enrolled at art school in Vienna where he later taught 1927 Married a Canadian dancer and became a Christian 1930 Awarded a psychology diploma from Vienna Institute 1933 Became America’s first child analyst at Harvard 1933 Joined Yale University and became a US citizen 1936 Became a prolific writer of psychiatry books 1950 Died aged 92 at Cape Cod, Massachusetts 1994 Who Was Erik Erikson? Erik Erikson was one of the most famous developmental psychologists of the 20th century. He focused much of his work on explaining the role of the environment on a child's development. Along with his model of "Lifespan Psychology", he is most famous for inventing the phrase "identity crisis", which reflected many of the challenges in his own life. Attribution: Wikipedia In a review published in 2002, Erikson was ranked as the 12th most quoted psychologist of the 20th century.
  4. 4. 4| Erik Erikson’s Lifespan PsychologySlide Topics: Models of Management Personal Growth or Stagnation? Erik Erikson first published his 8-stage theory of human development in his 1950 book "Childhood and Society" under the title, "The Eight Ages of Man". Erikson called the theory, “Lifespan Psychology”. It shows how each of the major changes in life, from birth to death, is accompanied by a quality that can promote personal growth and one that can prevent it and leave the individual in stagnation. There are 8 qualities for both change and stagnation. They are the same qualities that are present in any other change process in our lives. 1. Awareness 2. Acceptance 3. Growth 1. Ignorance 2. Blockage 3. Inaction The Awareness – Acceptance – Growth cycle produces change and development. The Ignorance – Blockage - Inaction cycle produces stagnation and no growth. The 8 stages in the Growth cycle are: Trust – Autonomy – Initiative – Industry – Identity – Intimacy – Generativity – Integrity The 8 stages in the Stagnation cycle are: Mistrust – Shame and Doubt – Guilt – Inferiority - Role Confusion – Isolation – Stagnation - Despair
  5. 5. 5| Erik Erikson’s Lifespan PsychologySlide Topics: Models of Management 1. Trust In personal growth, Trust is the belief that things will work out even if we don't have the evidence to prove it. 2 – 3 years 6 – 11 years0 – 1 years 4 – 5 years 12 – 18 years 19 – 35 years 36 – 60 years 60 years + Age: 0 - 1 years. Babies trust their mothers implicitly. How you grow: Trust is the foundation and first stage of all growth.There is no growth withoutTrust.Trust is necessary for us to change because we cannot be sure where things will lead, we simply have to believe that things will work out.Trust is a reliance on our own and other people's integrity.Trust produces a strong belief in ourselves and others. How you get stuck: The opposite ofTrust is Mistrust which leads to total lack of co-operation. We withdraw, withhold and stop taking chances with our life. Mistrust often arises if we have had previous experiences of being let down. Virtues: Hope and faith Significant others: Mother
  6. 6. 6| Erik Erikson’s Lifespan PsychologySlide Topics: Models of Management "Be trustworthy. Be the person who can keep a secret, isn't a gossip, and can be counted on in all situations." (Larry Winget) Bind and Bond The following story illustrates “Trust". A little girl and her father were crossing a bridge. The father was kind of scared so he asked his little daughter, "Sweetheart, please hold my hand so that you don't fall into the river. "The little girl said, "No, Dad. You hold my hand." "What's the difference?" asked the puzzled father. "There's a big difference," replied the little girl." If I hold your hand and something happens to me, the chances are that I may let your hand go. But if you hold my hand, I know for sure that no matter what happens, you will never let my hand go." In any relationship, the essence of trust is not in its bind, but in its bond. So hold the hand of the person whom you love and trust rather than expecting them to hold yours. https://pixabay.com/en/father-daughter-happy-father-s-day-1476167/
  7. 7. 7| Erik Erikson’s Lifespan PsychologySlide Topics: Models of Management 2.Autonomy In personal growth, Autonomy means allowing people the freedom to explore, to make mistakes and grow. 2 – 3 years 6 – 11 years0 – 1 years 4 – 5 years 12 – 18 years 19 – 35 years 36 – 60 years 60 years + Age: 2 - 3 years.This is the age when toddlers begin to to stand on their own two feet. How you grow: In developmental work, autonomy is expressed as Ownership and Responsibility. No growth is possible if people don't own their own process of change. Others, whether they are managers or parents, keep their distance, allow for mistakes and let it be known they are there for support. How you get stuck: The opposite of Autonomy is Dependence, Shame and Doubt. These conditions are created when others hammer home the message: "do it my way or no way"; "don't dare make any mistakes"; and "check with me before you do anything". Virtues: Will and determination Significant others: Parents
  8. 8. 8| Erik Erikson’s Lifespan PsychologySlide Topics: Models of Management “Control leads to compliance; autonomy leads to engagement.” (Daniel H. Pink) The Emerging Butterfly The following story illustrates “Autonomy”. A man found a butterfly cocoon. One day a small opening appeared. The man watched the butterfly as it struggled to force its body through the hole. The man decided to help the butterfly. He took a pair of scissors and snipped the cocoon open. The butterfly then emerged easily. But something wasn't quite right. The butterfly had a swollen body and shrivelled wings. The man expected that at any moment the wings would expand to support the body. But this did not happen. Instead, the butterfly spent the rest of its life unable to fly. What the man had not understood was that the struggle for the butterfly to get through the small opening in the cocoon was Nature's way of forcing fluid from the body of the butterfly into its wings so that it would be ready for flight once it achieved its freedom from the cocoon. https://pixabay.com/en/butterfly-thailand-the-national-park-1644189/
  9. 9. 9| Erik Erikson’s Lifespan PsychologySlide Topics: Models of Management 3. Initiative The word "initiative" derives from the word "initiate" meaning to start something new. When we show our initiative, we try things out. 2 – 3 years 6 – 11 years0 – 1 years 4 – 5 years 12 – 18 years 19 – 35 years 36 – 60 years 60 years + Age: 4 - 5 years.This is the age when small children want to try things they've never done before. How you grow: In developmental work, initiative and experimentation is the phase when all things are possible. Nothing is barred. Work is like play. It is an endless process of discovery, made possible by the permission and guidance of others. How you get stuck: The opposite of Initiative is Guilt. Guilt makes us think that it is wrong to try things out. It is the emotion attached to wrongful doing. When we feel guilty, we are paralysed into inaction and expect punishment. Virtues: Purpose and courage Significant others: Family
  10. 10. 10| Erik Erikson’s Lifespan PsychologySlide Topics: Models of Management "In order to do anything in this world worth doing, we must not stand shivering on the bank thinking of the cold and the danger, but jump in and scramble through as well as we can.” (Sydney Smith) Digging a Trench The following story illustrates “Initiative". One day an elderly couple who had retired to the countryside noticed a man on the heath carrying a spade and a small case. The next day, the man appeared again and the following day too. On the next day, becoming suspicious, the couple decided to go up on the heath to see what he was doing. When they got there, they discovered a long trench in the ground. Just then the young man appeared. Seeing their surprise, he explained, "I'm digging a trench. Well, actually I'm learning how to dig a good trench, because the job I'm being interviewed for later today says that experience is essential. So I'm getting the experience. And the case - it's got my lunch in it." The next day there was a knock at the old couple's door. It was the young man. "I got the job," he said. The old woman smiled and said, "We knew you would." https://pixabay.com/en/gardening-dig-earth-spade-hole-1260774/
  11. 11. 11| Erik Erikson’s Lifespan PsychologySlide Topics: Models of Management 4. Industry In personal growth, industry means applying ourselves to learning the skills to manage new situations. 2 – 3 years 6 – 11 years0 – 1 years 4 – 5 years 12 – 18 years 19 – 35 years 36 – 60 years 60 years + Age: 6 - 11 years.The days of childhood are the days when we throw ourselves into things we love to do for no other reason than we want to do them.The world of learning begins to open up to us. How you grow: In developmental work, industry helps us learn new skills to cope with the changes we have initiated.We apply ourselves to knowledge, to skills and to the discipline of learning. How you get stuck: The opposite of Industry is Inferiority, the belief that we're not capable: " I could never do that". Inferiority is also seen in the fear of trying and in a use of comparisons between ourselves and those who already possess the skills. Virtues: Competence Significant others: School
  12. 12. 12| Erik Erikson’s Lifespan PsychologySlide Topics: Models of Management "I am always doing that which I cannot do, in order that I may learn how to do it." (Pablo Picasso) Kicking a Giraffe to its Feet The following story illustrates “Industry“. In his book, "A View from the Zoo", Gary Richmond gives an example of the importance of working at something until you get it right. He describes how a new-born giraffe learns its first lesson. Its mother positions herself over the calf and gives it a strong kick to make it stand. She then repeats it again and again. Even when the baby calf grows tired of being kicked to its feet, the mother kicks it again to stimulate its efforts. Finally, the calf stands for the first time on its wobbly legs. Then the mother giraffe kicks it off its feet again. Why? She wants it to remember how it got up. In the wild, lions, hyenas, and wild hunting dogs all enjoy young giraffes. Being able to get up as quickly as possible is a way to stay with the herd, where there is safety. https://pixabay.com/en/giraffe-water-jungle-animal-zoo-1935667/
  13. 13. 13| Erik Erikson’s Lifespan PsychologySlide Topics: Models of Management Thanks for viewing this preview slide. Visit Slide Topics for a FREE copy and download the full version in PowerPoint and/or pdf. www.slidetopics.com
  14. 14. 14| Erik Erikson’s Lifespan PsychologySlide Topics: Models of Management Slide Topics
  15. 15. 15| Erik Erikson’s Lifespan PsychologySlide Topics: Models of Management Copyright KSA Training Ltd. All rights reserved. Slide Topics is a registered trademark of KSA Training Ltd at www.slidetopics.com Slide Topics Just a great way to learn

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