Xeriscape Gardening Brochure - Spartanburg, South Carolina


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Xeriscape Gardening Brochure - Spartanburg, South Carolina

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Xeriscape Gardening Brochure - Spartanburg, South Carolina

  1. 1. Use of MulchesMulch is a layer of nonliving materialcovering the soil surface aroundthe plants. It can be organic, suchas pine bark, compost, andwoodchips, or inorganic, such aslava rock or permeable plastic (notsheet plastic). A good mulchconserves water by significantly Further Informationreducing evaporation from thesoil. Mulch also reduces weed Clemson Universitypopulations, prevents soil maintains a Xeriscape™compaction, and keeps soil garden at the Southtemperatures more moderate. Carolina Botanical Garden,Use mulches wherever possible. which is located at 102 Garden Trail, ClemsonAppropriate Maintenance University, Clemson, South Carolina. AdditionalThe added benefit of a xeriscape™ information is availablelandscape is that it typically from the website for therequires less maintenance. A South Carolina Botanicalwell-designed landscape can Garden at Spartanburg Water installed adecrease maintenance by as much xeriscape™ (zeer-i-skayp) garden www.clemson.edu/scbgas 50% through reduced mowing in 2003 at the Commerce Streetand mulch applications and more location. Xeriscaping™, a wordefficient watering techniques. coined by combining xeros (GreekPreserve the beauty of your for “dry”) with landscaping, is alandscape and maintain the water water-conservative approach toconservation design by pruning, landscaping. Plants whose culturalweeding, using proper fertilization requirements are appropriate toand pest control, and making the local climate are emphasized,irrigation system adjustments. Spartanburg Water P.O. Box 251 Spartanburg, SC 29304 Phone: 864-583-7361 Fax: 864-583-3427 www.spartanburgwater.org
  2. 2. and care is taken to avoid wasting water to Soil Analysis & Preparation Appropriate Plant Selectionevaporation and run-off. This garden incor-porates the seven basic principles which lead Soil preparation is essential to ensure that plant It is important to select trees, shrubs, andto saving water: health is maintained. If possible, have a pH test ground covers based on their adaptability through the local county extension office to de- to the region’s soil and climate. A• Planning and Design xeriscape™ garden does not need to be termine if soil amendments are necessary. To• Soil and Analysis increase the ability of the soil to absorb and cactus or rock gardens. Utilizing many store water, add organic matter such as peat native plants into your landscape will• Practical Turf Areas moss and till it into the soil. Incorporating the lower water demands and reduce pest organic matter is not necessary for trees or for problems and fertilizer requirements.• Appropriate Plant Selection large turfgrass areas Many local nurseries carry a variety of• Efficient Irrigation native plants or plants that easily adapt to the South Carolina climate.• Use of Mulches Practical Turf Areas• Appropriate Maintenance When you select a turfgrass for your landscape, con- Efficient Irrigation sider the amount of water necessary to maintainThese principles, when combined, create a it. Evaluate the intended use, planting location, Much of the tremendous amount of watercomprehensive approach to landscaping for and maintenance requirements before finalizing applied to lawns and gardens is neverwater conservation. A traditional landscapemay incorporate one or two principles of wa- your choice. Planting the lowest water use turf absorbed by the plants and put to use.ter conservation, but a xeriscape™ garden grass adapted to the region is an effective way to Water is lost to runoff if it is applied toowill utilize the entire concept to reduce land- reduce landscape irrigation requirements. To rapidly, and it evaporates in exposed,scape water effectively. significantly reduce water use, it may be neces- unmulched soil. The greatest waste of sary to reduce the size of water-sensitive lawns water is applying too much too often. through the use of patios, decks, shrub beds, and Sprinkler irrigation is the most commonly How Do I Begin? groundcovers. used method of landscape watering. If you have a permanent sprinkler system, make sure the sprinkler heads are adjusted properly to avoid watering sidewalks andTo plant a xeriscape™ garden you incorpo-rate the seven principles by: driveways. A properly adjusted sprinkler head sprays large droplets instead of a fog of fine mist, which is more susceptible toStarting With A Plan evaporation and wind drift. WaterTo plan for efficient water use, begin with a between late evening and mid-morning tolandscape design for your yard. It can be avoid excessive waste due to rapidcreated by a landscape designer, a nursery evaporation.man, a county extension agent, a local land- Drip irrigation can be utilized in gardenscape architect, or you. The design should beds to increase water efficiency. Itconsider the budget, appearance, function, applies water where it is needed andmaintenance, and water requirements. Re-member that a plan can be completed in one minimizes runoff and evaporation.season or installed gradually over manyyears. ljlkjlkjlkjlkjlkjljlkjljljljljljljljlkjlklkjlk-