Terrorism is the unlawful use of force or violence againstpersons or property to intimidate or coerce a government, the civilian population, or any segment thereof, in furtherance of political or social objectives.
• Fear Factor• Attention• Causes a government to either overreact / dysfunction.
• Revenge• No alternative but force.• Social reasons• Religious reasons• Political reasons
SOCIAL ASPECT• Suspicion• Tension• Fear• Livelihood• Children• Movies
ECONOMICAL ASPECT• Direct Impact of terrorist attack.• Financial Markets.• Defense and homeland security spending.• Supply chains.
ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECT• Destruction of structures.• Pollution• Harmful chemicals and particles released during explosion leads to infectious diseases.
HOTEL INDUSTRYDirect Impact:• Closure of hotel property for renovation.• Diversion of funds, meantfor expansion to repairs.Indirect Impact:• Decline in FTAs
TOURISM• After 26/11 India is figured in global list as an unsafecountry to visit.• Impact on Airline related business.• Border clearance cost started to increase.• Increased spending on border and airport security.
HEALTH• Death• Significant diseases• Temporary loss or permanent injury.• Memory loss• Internal bleeding
EDUCATION• Terrorist attack leads to PTSD in children.• Death of parents, siblings or close friends.• Disruption in daily routine, residence or schools.
SPECIAL LEGISLATIONS:• MISA : Maintenance of Internal Security Act• TADA: Terrorist And Disruptive Activities prevention Act• POTA: Prevention Of Terrorist activities Act• Police and military action• Strategic and tactical force• New central agency(central anti-terrorism agency)
Primary prevention:• Education• Understand the differences in cultures, religions, beliefs and human behaviors• Think of the peace, freedom and equality of all human beings, not just “mygroup of people”• Eliminate the root of terrorismSecondary prevention• Establish surveillance and monitoring system on terrorism attack• Improve protective system for citizens• Tertiary prevention• Early detection of the sources• Rescue the survivors• Console the rest of the population
• Terrorism is unlawful act.• Terrorism has a long history of being used to achieve political, religious and ideological objectives• Terrorism is designed to make a point, through psychological means, fear.• Even through the events of terrorist, the risk of dying from terrorism has remained much lower than that from motor vehicles, smoking, and alcoholic beverage.