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TransGender Awareness 2013

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TransGender Awareness 2013

  1. 1. Transgender Awareness workshop Bournemouth 23rd January 2013
  2. 2. “… I h av trappe e felt like a d g was fi in a girl’s b ay boy ve an d don ody since I why .. 't un .t be an here doesn derstand yb 't or wh ody who un seem to oI d me ev can talk to erstands . It af eryda fects y.” t ors s w a he ce h T “... judi from pre ome ious d c lig an re ds s.” n e frie lativ re “(follo wing a n assa police u imagin ) just could lt the e n how I or really de ot al co they w uld be feel with i Trans ere uneduc ng as is s ate pacifie ues. I felt u d in nh d and patron eard, ised.”
  3. 3. “there is hope on the horizon that young transpeople will not have to tolerate what we have gone through; but other areas of concern have not changed and it is the job of this report to highlight those areas.” Krys Vere-Bujnowski Former Co-chair, SWTEN
  4. 4. ‘Gender dysphoria’  Identification with or wish to be considered as their true gender (not that assigned at birth)  A spectrum of identities – gender variance  Emerging evidence: brain anatomy and physiology in transsexual people develops in the womb. (Atypical Gender Development – A Review, International Journal of Transgenderism)  Not a mental illness, but is often treated as one by medical profession
  5. 5. Trans-lation  Transsexual - someone whose gender dysphoria is such that they need to deal with it through transitioning – usually with medical assistance - to a gender role different from that assigned to them at birth.  Transgender - a broader term that includes all those who experience some degree of gender variance, in most cases requiring no medical intervention (GIRES 2009)
  6. 6. Trans people ...  Are all over the world – not just a Western thing  Have existed always - through recorded history  Cross all economic and social boundaries  Are part of a natural variation  Want no more than to be themselves, in peace  Are entitled to dignity, respect and confidentiality
  7. 7. Current legislation  Human Rights Act 1998  Article 8: right to respect for private & family life  Article 12: right to marry and found a family  Gender Recognition Act 2004 • GR Certificate: able to change birth certificate  Equality Act 2010 • Protected characteristic ‘Gender reassignment’ • No need to be under medical supervision
  8. 8. UK Statistics Are far from accurate - best estimate approx 21 in every 100,000 people are transsexual (GIRES)  A school with 1,000 pupils will have 6 who experience gender dysphoria during their lives.  Others likely to have transgender parent or relative  80% of trans people have encountered problems (The Equalities Review 2007)  34.4% said they thought about or attempted suicide or self harm (The Equalities Review 2007)
  9. 9. Early years  Children usually know how they fit within the gender spectrum by about age 4 or 5. (GIRES)  When young the common experience (is) having no-one to talk to, or no-one who could be trusted to listen... (SWTEN report) “I have felt like a gay boy trapped in a girl’s body since I was five and don't understand why… My head is messed up over this stuff and there doesn't seem to be anybody who understands or who I can talk to. It affects me everyday.” (young PP&T contributor)
  10. 10. Early years  80% of those who go on to transition knew by the time they were 8 years old that their gender identity was at odds with society’s perception (Gender Identity Research & Education Society)  “...the school environment and community (has a key role) in securing or undermining the well-being of Transgender children and young people”.  “Problems during school years create barriers for individuals in fulfilling their academic, creative, professional and economic potential”. (SWTEN report)
  11. 11. Puberty and the ‘pause button’  Changes at puberty “can be terrifying and repulsive to a transgendered person”.  International Endocrine Society (IES) – recommends ‘puberty blocking’ for some young trans people "People are always afraid that (puberty blocking) will be harmful for the children. But what they never take into account is that it is also harmful to not give them this treatment.”  Clinics in Australia, Canada, Germany, the U.S. and the UK have started to offer treatment to young trans people to prevent the onset of puberty.
  12. 12. Transition  Process of moving towards living in true identity  A fundamental, extremely stressful, life change  Typically  Loss of friends, jobs, family, home - often all in one go  Male/female socialisation needs to be unlearned and new behaviours acquired  Required to live in identity for 2 yrs prior to medical treatment  Hormone therapy and surgery not widely available in UK for under 18s
  13. 13. Vulnerability to Social exclusion, bullying, abuse Isolation Loss of essential emotional support – family Loss of security – home and employment Loss of confidence and self-esteem Risks to mental and physical health and wellbeing  Self-harm and suicide: overall attempted suicide rate 34%; 50% for teenagers (SWTEN report).      
  14. 14. Health and well-being: Messages from PP&T • Local support services/groups are important • All service providers/all sectors - publicise and practise trans inclusiveness • All staff (and volunteers) need awareness training, and to practice respect • GPs: attitudes and clinical knowledge key surgery-based trans specialists • Mental health services: more counselling, more timely, more Trans aware
  15. 15. Health and well-being: Messages from SWTEN Early intervention in schools to create a specific, proactive, committed response to the needs of Transgender young people, including • active anti-bullying policies • police working with schools to address trans issues of safety • awareness training for staff and governors • trans issues described and introduced into PHSE and other (e.g. Science) parts of the curriculum
  16. 16. How you can help  Visibly embrace diversity as an individual and/or organisation (e.g. E&D posters)  Have up to date anti-discriminatory and antibullying policies that are publicised and enforced  Make it easy to report Transphobic incidents  Spread awareness and understanding – training for staff and service users  Provide a mentor who can help trans people – good pastoral care
  17. 17. “It takes so much to strength and courage s keep going as a Tran tle person that there’s lit e.” room for anything els (SWTEN report) judice rst pre gious wo “...The e from reli m has co nd relatives.” a friends PP&T “... those closest to trans people often have the most difficulty accepting gender transition...” PP&T Support from education bodies is vital in meeting the needs and promoting the wellbeing of Transgender children and young people. (SWTEN report) The exp eri years ha ences of early ve effect on a profound individu als’ self develop ment ... (SWTEN report) “I c h gen ose to d shie er ide conce a n from ld my tity co l my fa n PP& abuse mily a flict to T or a nd m ttac y k.” self
  18. 18. Ruth’s Story Ruth was born in a male body but knew from the age of 16 that she wanted to be a woman. Learn about her hormone treatment and surgery, and how she feels now: http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Genderdysphoria/Pages/Introduction.aspx?r=1&rtitle=Gender+dysphoria++Introduction
  19. 19. My journey: Trans people share their experiences -
  20. 20. Some useful links  The Beaumont trust: http://www.beaumontsociety.org.uk/help_and_advice.html  GIRES - Information for trans people, their families and the professionals who care for them: http://www.gires.org.uk/  Press for Change: http://www.pfc.org.uk/  NHS website: An Introduction to working with Transgender people: http://www.dh.gov.uk/prod_consum_dh/groups/dh_digitalassets/@d h/@en/documents/digitalasset/dh_074254.pdf  SW Transgender Equality Network – to get involved and find out more, including local groups, research and general information: http://www.equalitysouthwest.org.uk/transgender  Transgender Information: transgender.information@yahoo.co.uk Text: 0781 609 3291

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