Ferrarello phenomenology as a psychological method

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Dr. Ferrarello co-taught a graduate seminar in phenomenological psychology in January 2014 for doctoral students at Saybrook. She led students in a day-long reflection on the steps in qualitative data gathering and analysis to which they had been introduced over the course of the preceding days, reflecting on their own experience of the moments in the research process through the lens of Husserl's phenomenological psychology, especially Ideas I and Cartesian Meditations.

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Ferrarello phenomenology as a psychological method

  1. 1. PHENOMENOLOGY as a psychological method Susi Ferrarello Phd Saybrook University Loyola University
  2. 2. Some QUESTIONS TO unfold the SENSE of the phenomenological method
  3. 3. What‟s happened during the analysis?
  4. 4. … YOUR QUESTIONS? WHY SHOULD YOU HAVE QUESTIONS?
  5. 5. QUESTIONS RAISED DURING THE SEMINAR Can I claim that something is universal? Does universality exist? - Who is the other? How can I reach the other? - What is objectivity? - What is intentionality? - What‟s the truth on which we base our analysis? - When do interpret and when do we describe? - How does phenomenology study time? -
  6. 6. My questions.. How would you describe what you did? Were you describing or interpreting the data? What were the tools of your analysis? What‟s the difference between intution, perception and interpretation? How would you describe the lived-experience before and after the data-analysis Did your attitude change during the reflection on the data?
  7. 7. My questions.. What was the intention at the basis of your analysis? Are you a scientist? Did you need philosophy to do that? Does psychology need philosophy? What‟s the difference between the meaning, the sense and the value of your research?
  8. 8. How would you describe what you did? Phenomenology Λόγος τών φαινομένων (logos tōn phenomenon) Reflection on what is given (φένομένον)
  9. 9. PHENOMENOLOGY AS A SCIENCE How to ground an infallible knowledge? (Husserl, MerleauPonty, Heidegger, Neurosciences)  AS A METHOD How do we convey the sense of what we know? (Giorgi: descriptive psychological method) 
  10. 10. Synthesis and a step ahead “It is plain that I (…) since I am striving toward the presumptive end, genuine science, must neither make nor go on accepting any judgment as scientific that I have not derived from evidence, from experiences in which the (…) actual giving of the affairs themselves are present to me” (Husserl, Cartesian Meditations, p. 13)
  11. 11. HOW CAN YOU AVOID TO „ACCEPT ANY JUDGMENT‟? Did your attitude change before and after the data analysis?
  12. 12. DESCARTES AND HUME Cogito ergo sum (I think therefore I am) Perception is the beginning of our knowledge
  13. 13. The radical DOUBT or the change of attitude Epoché (witholding, suspension, parenthesize) Reduction (emphasizing the intuition, going back to the primordial lived-experience) Imaginative variation
  14. 14. What was your mental attitude before and after the analysis? Intentionality Tendere in = aiming at (Beziehung auf) Intention of Meaning Bedeutungsintention (L. I.) Instinctive or blind Intentionality (Yamaguchi, Hart) Intentionality as an instinctual presence of the other (Lipps) Intentionality without object (Bernet) Horizontal intentionality (Dan Zahavi) Narrative way of givenness (Ricoeur)
  15. 15. How would you describe the lived-experience of the participant before and after the dataanalysis? Phenomenon Percept Essence
  16. 16. What were the tools of your research? (a synthesis) Description or Interpretation (Aufassung) Epoche and Reduction Imaginative Variation Seeing essences
  17. 17. Were you describing or interpreting during your analysis?  …
  18. 18. What‟s the difference between the meaning, the sense and the value of your research? Meaning Sense Essence Truth Eidos Validity
  19. 19. Phenomenological and Natural Attitude: a synthesis Natural Attitude (Ideas I, 30)  Empirical experience  Presentive Intuition  Percept or real object  Phenomenological Attitude (Ideas I, 30)  Reflexive experience  Eidetic intuition  Essence 
  20. 20. Does psychology need philosophy and vice versa? Formal and Material Ontology Ontological Region
  21. 21. Science, essences and psychology “Any concrete empirical objectivity finds its place within a highest material genus, a ‘region’ of empirical objects. To the pure regional essence, then, there corresponds a regional eidetic science or, as we can also say, a regional ontology”. I, § 9, 18En/19Ge Any science of matter of fact (any experiential science) has essential theoretical foundations in eidetic ontologies”. I, §9, 18En/19 Ge
  22. 22. BIBLIOGRAPHY       Dodd, J. (2005) Crisis and Reflection: An Essay on Husserl’s Crisis of the European Sciences. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers. Luft, S. (2012) “Husserl‟s Method of Reduction”, in Routledge Companion to Phenomenology, London. Luft, S. (2007) “From Being to Givenness and Back: Some Remarks on the Meaning of Transcendental Idealism in Kant and Husserl,” in: International Journal of Philosophical Studies 15/3, pp. 367-394. Husserl, (1982) Ideas Pertaining to a Pure Phenomenology and to a Phenomenological Philosophy. First Book: General Introduction to a Pure Phenomenology. Translated by F. Kersten. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers. Sowa, R. (2012) “The Method of the Eidetic Science”, in Routledge Companion to Phenomenology, London. Kern, I. (2004) “Les trois voies de la réduction” in Annales de la phénoménologie.
  23. 23. THANK YOU!

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