Air Quality Standards: Compliance &Reduction Strategies    Chris Nelson, P.E.    3M Environmental, Health, and Safety Oper...
3M Environmental, Health and Safety Operations    Overview     Federal Standards: Where Does Minnesota      Stand?     N...
3M Environmental, Health and Safety Operations    Minnesota Ozone Levels                                    80            ...
3M Environmental, Health and Safety Operations                                  Minnesota Particulate Matter Levels       ...
3M Environmental, Health and Safety Operations    Products5    © 3M 2010. All Rights Reserved.
3M Environmental, Health and Safety Operations    Example: Printing Press     Minor source for Title V, New Source Review...
3M Environmental, Health and Safety Operations    Example: Sponge Making     Major source for Title V, New Source Review ...
3M Environmental, Health and Safety Operations    Example: Insignificant Units     Minor source for Title V, New Source R...
3M Environmental, Health and Safety Operations    Pollution Prevention Pays (3P)                                          ...
3M Environmental, Health and Safety Operations     Pollution Prevention Methods          Method                       Desc...
3M Environmental, Health and Safety Operations      3P Case Study:      License Plate System                              ...
3M Environmental, Health and Safety Operations      Conventional Manufacturing                                            ...
3M Environmental, Health and Safety Operations       Digital Manufacturing                                               V...
3M Environmental, Health and Safety Operations     Environmental Results      2010 3M Environmental Targets              ...
3M Environmental, Health and Safety Operations     Summary      Minnesota air quality is good; changes to       standards...
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Nelson - Air Quality Standards-Compliance & Reduction Strategies

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Nelson - Air Quality Standards-Compliance & Reduction Strategies

  1. 1. Air Quality Standards: Compliance &Reduction Strategies Chris Nelson, P.E. 3M Environmental, Health, and Safety Operations© 3M 2010. All Rights Reserved.
  2. 2. 3M Environmental, Health and Safety Operations Overview  Federal Standards: Where Does Minnesota Stand?  Nonattainment Experience  3M’s Pollution Prevention Pays Program2 © 3M 2010. All Rights Reserved.
  3. 3. 3M Environmental, Health and Safety Operations Minnesota Ozone Levels 80 70 65 62 63 63 62 62 61 Ozone Concentration (ppb) 60 59 59 60 60 60 58 58 54 2009-2011 49 50 Standard 40 30 20 10 03 © 3M 2010. All Rights Reserved.
  4. 4. 3M Environmental, Health and Safety Operations Minnesota Particulate Matter Levels 40 35 34 33 31 PM2.5 Concentration (µg/m3) 30 30 30 28 28 27 25 21 2009-2011 20 19 Standard 17 15 10 5 04 © 3M 2010. All Rights Reserved.
  5. 5. 3M Environmental, Health and Safety Operations Products5 © 3M 2010. All Rights Reserved.
  6. 6. 3M Environmental, Health and Safety Operations Example: Printing Press  Minor source for Title V, New Source Review  Ozone nonattainment area  Emissions – Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC)  Potential emissions: less than 5 tons per year  Actual emissions: less than 1 ton per year  Control equipment required (“RACT”)  $25,000 – 45,000 per year6 © 3M 2010. All Rights Reserved.
  7. 7. 3M Environmental, Health and Safety Operations Example: Sponge Making  Major source for Title V, New Source Review  Ozone nonattainment area  Proposed 1 lb/hr VOC increase  Requirements driven by applicable emissions limit (RACT)  Permit change and SIP revision required for insignificant change; added 6 months to project7 © 3M 2010. All Rights Reserved.
  8. 8. 3M Environmental, Health and Safety Operations Example: Insignificant Units  Minor source for Title V, New Source Review  Ozone, PM nonattainment area  Compliance notice for failure to register cafeteria “char griller”  Facility registered unit and paid permitting fees; ongoing recordkeeping required8 © 3M 2010. All Rights Reserved.
  9. 9. 3M Environmental, Health and Safety Operations Pollution Prevention Pays (3P) Dr. Joe Ling launched 3M’s 3P program in 1975 “Pollution is … unused raw material. By reducing the amount of pollution, … [3M can] save money both on pollution control and on raw materials the next time around. Its a win-win situation.” Total Total Monetary Total Pollution Projects Benefit ($USD) Prevented (US lbs) 1975-2011 Totals 9,324 1.56 Billion 3.57 Billion9 © 3M 2010. All Rights Reserved.
  10. 10. 3M Environmental, Health and Safety Operations Pollution Prevention Methods Method Description Product Reformulation • Replace a part of entire product with less or no toxic chemical(s) Process Modification • Alter a manufacturing process to reduce pollution (air, water, waste) Equipment Redesign • Redesign of equipment with new concept to reduce pollution Quality/Yield • Improve efficiency with reduced defects or use fewer raw Improvement materials to reduce waste Recovery and/or Reuse • Develop/Improve system to recover or re-use waste stream New Product • Develop product with environmental attribute/benefit to assist customer with reducing pollution10 © 3M 2010. All Rights Reserved.
  11. 11. 3M Environmental, Health and Safety Operations 3P Case Study: License Plate System 3M Traffic Safety Systems Division11 © 3M 2010. All Rights Reserved.
  12. 12. 3M Environmental, Health and Safety Operations Conventional Manufacturing VOC Emissions Reflective Graphic Ink Plate Plate Sheeting Printing Curing Blanking Embossing Aluminum VOC Emissions Substrate Bagging Ink Roll and Curing Coating Shipping12 © 3M 2010. All Rights Reserved.
  13. 13. 3M Environmental, Health and Safety Operations Digital Manufacturing VOC Emissions Reflective Graphic Ink Plate Plate Sheeting Printing Curing Blanking Embossing Aluminum VOC Emissions Substrate Bagging Ink Roll and Curing Coating Shipping13 © 3M 2010. All Rights Reserved.
  14. 14. 3M Environmental, Health and Safety Operations Environmental Results  2010 3M Environmental Targets  Reduced volatile air emissions per net sales by 31% (goal: 25%)  Reduced waste per net sales by 19% (goal: 20%)  Improved energy efficiency per net sales by 26% (goal: 20%)  2621 Pollution Prevention Pays projects (goal: 800)14 © 3M 2010. All Rights Reserved.
  15. 15. 3M Environmental, Health and Safety Operations Summary  Minnesota air quality is good; changes to standards may trigger new requirements  Nonattainment risk  More requirements and complexity  Less flexibility and choice  Opportunities exist for all of us to proactively reduce our emissions15 © 3M 2010. All Rights Reserved.

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