Range of projects – from very formal, open, transparent, robust process to informal conversations.
Questions on process or EI?
Minnesota is well positioned to benefit from more widespread adoption of advanced risk assessment methodologies that will enable improved risk management decision-making. to facilitate this transition, there is a need to identify and evaluate emerging methodologies to better inform risk assessors of potential applications and resulting benefits.
Methods would be applied to both human health and environmental endpoints.
Methods would be applied to both human health and environmental endpoints.
Lots of discussion at the last meeting.Work in progress, not yet in unanimous agreement about how this panel would function and the membership structure.
Agencies get requests. Legislators have been historically active.
Anastas/Warner12 principles:1. Prevention It’s better to prevent waste than to treat or clean up waste afterwards.Atom Economy Design synthetic methods to maximize the incorporation of all materials used in the process into the final product.Less Hazardous Chemical Syntheses Design synthetic methods to use and generate substances that minimize toxicity to human health and the environment.Designing Safer Chemicals Design chemical products to affect their desired function while minimizing their toxicity.Safer Solvents and Auxiliaries Minimize the use of auxiliary substances wherever possible make them innocuous when used.Design for Energy Efficiency Minimize the energy requirements of chemical processes and conduct synthetic methods at ambient temperature and pressure if possible.Use of Renewable Feedstocks Use renewable raw material or feedstock rather whenever practicable.Reduce Derivatives Minimize or avoid unnecessary derivatization if possible, which requires additional reagents and generate waste.Catalysis Catalytic reagents are superior to stoichiometric reagents.Design for Degradation Design chemical products so they break down into innocuous products that do not persist in the environment.Real-time Analysis for Pollution Prevention Develop analytical methodologies needed to allow for real-time, in-process monitoring and control prior to the formation of hazardous substances.Inherently Safer Chemistry for Accident Prevention Choose substances and the form of a substance used in a chemical process to minimize the potential for chemical accidents, including releases, explosions, and fires.
MN Chemical Regulation & Policy - Public Mtg 10/12/11
Public Input MeetingAGENDA5:00 Welcome and Introductions Project Background and Overview Draft Proposals5:30 Roundtable Discussions/Input Sessions Policy and Risk Management Science and Risk Assessment Green Chemistry6:30 Reconvene and Report Back7:00 Close
Who is EnvironmentalInitiative? 20-year-old environmental nonprofit organization Mission: Build partnerships to develop collaborative solutions to Minnesota’s environmental problems. Environmental solutions through three areas of work: Events Dialogue Environmental Action INITIATIVE Powerful Partnerships, Effective Solutions
EventsNetworking, diverse perspectives, access to experts Business and Environment Series Environmental Initiative Awards Policy Forum Series
Action Project Green Fleet Over 2,000 cleaner engines operating statewide Average of 2 tons of particulate matter reduced per day Other Action Projects Autobody Refinishing Industry Project Habitat for Humanity Green Demonstration House
DialogueWe facilitate conversations with private- and public-sectorleaders to achieve policy and other environmental solutionsfor a cleaner, stronger Minnesota.
Minnesota Chemical Regulationand Policy Project – Intro &BackgroundPurpose: Recommend improvements to Minnesota’s approach to chemical regulation and policy Identify opportunities to incentivize and promote green chemistry principles and practices Environmental INITIATIVE Powerful Partnerships, Effective Solutions
Project Funders 3M Ecolab Minnesota Center for Environmental Advocacy Minnesota Chamber of Commerce Minnesota Department of Health Minnesota Pollution Control Agency
Phase 1: January – July 2010 Goals: Refine issues and opportunities Assess policy mechanisms to identify approaches that may be applicable in Minnesota Recommendation regarding proceeding to Phase II Opportunities: Collaborative approach MN unique/value-added Resource efficient/promote economic development Sound science Information, education, communications Environmental INITIATIVE Powerful Partnerships, Effective Solutions
Charge for Phase II Identify and analyze the effectiveness of regulations and policies currently in place at the state and federal levels and determine if they do (or could) adequately address the opportunities the group highlighted in Phase I Where needed, recommend improvements to Minnesota’s system of regulating and managing chemicals Evaluate opportunities to integrate promotion of and incentives for product design that incorporates principles of green chemistry and life-cycle analysis into a recommended policy framework
Phase II Project Structure 20 member Work Group Sub-groups tasked to develop recommendation proposals 9 meetings: June – December 2011 6 meetings to date Two public input meetings (Fall 2011) Planning Team provides input and advice to Environmental Initiative between meetings
Science and Risk Assessment Risk assessment is the process of determining the probability that exposure to chemical contaminants or other environmental stressors will harm human or ecosystem health. Risk = toxicity (hazard) + exposure New approaches to risk assessment have the potential to increase the accuracy and efficiency of risk assessment by: pushing problem formulation to the forefront; accounting for cumulative risk and multiple exposures; using chemical mode of action information in determining risk. Work Group recognizes the need to identify and evaluate emerging methodologies in order to facilitate the transition to advanced approaches to risk assessment.
Science and Risk AssessmentDraft Recommendation ProposalProject to Evaluate Emerging Risk Assessment Methodologies Recommendation: Implement a project to test alternative risk assessment methodologies to improve risk assessment in Minnesota Need: Identify and analyze new or underutilized risk assessment approaches to enable better risk management decision-making. Guiding principles and priorities for adopting new approaches include: increased precision and accuracy; decreased uncertainty; utilizing chemical mode of action information; accounting for cumulative risk; cost effectiveness and efficiency; and high level of confidence in the data and risk assessment conclusions by all stakeholders.
Science and Risk AssessmentDraft Recommendation Proposal Function: Two Phases Phase 1 – inventory existing methods, data requirements, and relevant policy implications Phase 2 – test and analyze alternative methods (vs. standard approaches) against the guiding principles Structure: Assessment and analysis performed by a designated researcher with oversight and advisement from a cross-sector Project Advisory Committee
Policy and Risk Management Federal reform of TSCA is needed and recommended improvements to state policy in Minnesota should complement and integrate with the current and anticipated future framework for chemical regulation at the national scale. Status quo for state chemicals policy is not working. Decision-making in the face of scientific uncertainty will continue to be a challenge. Improved chemicals policy must be based on sound science and should enable increased understanding of chemical risk, benefits and management by decision-makers and the public.
Policy and Risk ManagementDraft Recommendation ProposalChemical Science Advisory Panel (CSAP) Recommendation: Create a Chemical Science Advisory Panel (CSAP) for the state of Minnesota Need: Provide a forum for scientific discussion and debate outside the policy realm Function: The CSAP will serve as an independent advisory body and will respond to specific requests (“charge”) from either the legislative or executive branch Structure: 6 highly qualified members from the scientific community appointed to serve on the panel with the ability to call in other experts as needed on an ad hoc basis
Pathway for inputs and outputs of the Chemical Science Advisory Panel (CSAP)Executive MPCA/MDHBranch Commissioner CSAP Proposal Full Report • Work plan • 2/3 majority • Budget • TimeframeLegislative LAC via • Committee Chair Ad hocBranch Legislative Auditor members or Legislator • Screen for relevance/imp ortance Criteria Relevant to MN environment or population Disputed issue of science where independent review is helpful
Green Chemistry Green chemistry is the design of chemical products and processes that reduce or eliminate the use or generation of hazardous substances. Applies across the value chain – product design, formulation, manufacture, use, disposal. Positive momentum for Green Chemistry as an economic development opportunity: Emerging and established companies – Segetis, BioAmber, Cargill NatureWorks, Ecolab, 3M, etc. Minnesota Green Chemistry Forum – business/NGO networking group BioBusiness Alliance Bioindustrial Partnership
Green ChemistryDraft Recommendation ProposalMinnesota Green Chemistry Innovation Council Recommendation: Create a Minnesota Green Chemistry Innovation Council by Governor’s Executive Order Need: Increase economic development through the promotion of new Green Chemistry businesses in Minnesota; Improve the sustainability and access to markets of existing Minnesota businesses through Green Chemistry process improvements and product development.
Green ChemistryDraft Recommendation Proposal Function: Develop and recommend strategies to: Promote collaboration and synergies between entities; Identify ways to align existing initiatives and interests; Raise public awareness of Minnesota Green Chemistry businesses and products; Identify sources of funding and incentives. Structure: Cross-sector membership to demonstrate public and private sector leadership and engagement. Potential mechanisms to support green chemistry development include: business support, education, research, public outreach.
Input Stations / RoundtableDiscussions Questions? Anything that needs clarification? What do you like about the proposal? What works well? What concerns you? What would you change? Why?