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<ul>EXPLORATIONS EN SCIENCE 2.0 </ul><ul>Antoine Blanchard @enroweb /  [email_address] </ul><ul>www.cafe-sciences.org </ul...
<ul><li>PROLOGUE Retour en 2007 </li></ul><ul>&quot;D’ailleurs, des chercheurs célèbres s’y mettent : le mathématicien Ala...
<ul>TYPOLOGIE </ul><ul>E-science </ul><ul>Science 2.0 </ul><ul>Open science </ul><ul>Science 2.0 </ul><ul>Digital humaniti...
<ul>EXEMPLES </ul>
<ul><li>E-SCIENCE 1/ TGE   Adonis </li></ul>
<ul><li>E-SCIENCE 2/ “wikiomics” </li></ul>
<ul><li>E-SCIENCE 2/ “wikiomics” </li></ul>
<ul><li>E-SCIENCE 2/ “wikiomics” </li></ul><ul><li>essor des wikis en science </li></ul><ul><ul><li>partage et organisatio...
sérendipité
publication de résultats négatifs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>mais… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>réticence à contribuer
“ vol” de données
format et compatibilité des données
formats et compatibilité </li></ul></ul>
<ul><li>SCIENCE 2.0 1/ peer commentary </li></ul>
<ul><li>SCIENCE 2.0 1/ peer commentary </li></ul>
<ul><li>SCIENCE 2.0 2/ projet Polymath </li></ul>
<ul><li>SCIENCE 2.0 2/ projet Polymath </li></ul>
<ul><li>OPEN SCIENCE 1/ Personal Genome Project </li></ul>
<ul><li>OPEN SCIENCE 2/ PhotosNormandie </li></ul>
<ul><li>OPEN SCIENCE 2/ PhotosNormandie </li></ul><ul>DIGITAL Humanities Google Ngram Viewer </ul>
<ul>Google Ngram Viewer </ul>
<ul>DES DÉFIS A RELEVER </ul><ul><li>gestion de la propriété intellectuelle (ex. : méta-données des articles de HAL)
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Exploration en science 2.0

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Exploration en science 2.0

  1. 1. <ul>EXPLORATIONS EN SCIENCE 2.0 </ul><ul>Antoine Blanchard @enroweb / [email_address] </ul><ul>www.cafe-sciences.org </ul><ul>www.deuxieme-labo.fr </ul><ul>Vendredi 3 février 2012 Matinée d’étude de l’Université européenne de Bretagne “ e-Science, humanités numériques… Quelles évolutions des pratiques scientifiques de recherche ?” </ul>
  2. 2. <ul><li>PROLOGUE Retour en 2007 </li></ul><ul>&quot;D’ailleurs, des chercheurs célèbres s’y mettent : le mathématicien Alain Connes blogue en anglais, le physicien autrichien Anton Zeilinger en allemand. La qualité des billets que l’on peut y lire n’a souvent rien à envier au niveau d’exigence des médias plus formels, comme le prouve l’histoire vécue par Reed Cartwright : ayant publié une hypothèse inédite sur son blog, il a été contacté par Luca Comai qui allait publier la même dans Plant Cell et venait de tomber sur son billet par moteur de recherche interposé. Résultat : une co-publication. (…) Les discussions longues sont aussi appréciées, surtout quand elles permettent d’avancer dans ses travaux scientifiques. Ce fut le cas pour un article de physique posté sur arXiv, qui a été amendé suite aux commentaires de blogueurs, pour être finalement publié dans Physical Review A. Pour surveiller toute cette science en train de se faire, des portails comme Postgenomic.com (en anglais) agrègent des centaines de blogs et permettent de suivre les articles les plus commentés ou les débats les plus chauds.&quot; - Laura Bonetta, “Scientists enter the blogosphere”, Cell , 4 mai 2007 </ul>
  3. 3. <ul>TYPOLOGIE </ul><ul>E-science </ul><ul>Science 2.0 </ul><ul>Open science </ul><ul>Science 2.0 </ul><ul>Digital humanities </ul><ul>grille informatique, cyberinfrastructure </ul><ul>open data </ul><ul>publications et archives ouvertes </ul><ul>e-learning (sur SL) </ul><ul>article augmenté </ul><ul>collaboration en ligne </ul><ul>carnets de recherche </ul><ul>peer commentary </ul><ul>réseaux sociaux </ul><ul>science contributive (crowdsourcing) </ul><ul>science participative </ul><ul>science contributive (crowdsourcing) </ul><ul>science citoyenne </ul><ul>bibliothèque virtuelle </ul><ul>numérisation des sources </ul><ul>web sémantique </ul>
  4. 4. <ul>EXEMPLES </ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>E-SCIENCE 1/ TGE Adonis </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>E-SCIENCE 2/ “wikiomics” </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>E-SCIENCE 2/ “wikiomics” </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>E-SCIENCE 2/ “wikiomics” </li></ul><ul><li>essor des wikis en science </li></ul><ul><ul><li>partage et organisation de l’information
  9. 9. sérendipité
  10. 10. publication de résultats négatifs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>mais… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>réticence à contribuer
  11. 11. “ vol” de données
  12. 12. format et compatibilité des données
  13. 13. formats et compatibilité </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>SCIENCE 2.0 1/ peer commentary </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>SCIENCE 2.0 1/ peer commentary </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>SCIENCE 2.0 2/ projet Polymath </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>SCIENCE 2.0 2/ projet Polymath </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>OPEN SCIENCE 1/ Personal Genome Project </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>OPEN SCIENCE 2/ PhotosNormandie </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>OPEN SCIENCE 2/ PhotosNormandie </li></ul><ul>DIGITAL Humanities Google Ngram Viewer </ul>
  21. 21. <ul>Google Ngram Viewer </ul>
  22. 22. <ul>DES DÉFIS A RELEVER </ul><ul><li>gestion de la propriété intellectuelle (ex. : méta-données des articles de HAL)
  23. 23. interopérabilité et interconnexion des &quot;données&quot; (au sens large)
  24. 24. multiplier les initiatives sans &quot;perdre&quot; les futurs utilisateurs
  25. 25. écouter, discuter, convaincre ! </li></ul>
  26. 26. <ul>UN CONTEXTE MOUVEMENTÉ </ul><ul><li>chercheurs : pris dans les politiques de l'excellence (Idex, Labex, Equipex…) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ambiguïté entre la vision utilitariste (permet de gagner en excellence) et anti-utilitariste (permet d'entretenir un amour de la recherche désintéressée et collaborative) des réseaux sociaux scientifiques par exemple </li></ul></ul>
  27. 27. UN CONTEXTE MOUVEMENTÉ <ul><ul><li>étudiants : individualisation du parcours de formation, usage approfondi des TICE… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>en attente de propositions 2.0 (quitte à ne pas les utiliser) et préfigurent des futurs chercheurs qui feront attention à leur e-réputation </li></ul></ul></ul>
  28. 28. UN CONTEXTE MOUVEMENTÉ <ul><ul><li>structures de recherche de plus en plus concurrentielles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>vont jouer avec la science 2.0 pour optimiser leur impact et leur visibilité (plateformes de blogs, archives ouvertes institutionnelles, repérage des adresses…) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  29. 29. UN CONTEXTE MOUVEMENTÉ <ul><ul><ul><li>controverses et enjeux de société : l’ouverture (“open”) peut nuire </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>mais si vous ne le faites pas, vous le subirez malgré vous (Climategate) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  30. 30. <ul>QUESTIONS ? </ul>

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