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Blogs de science en français : l'expérience de la communauté du C@fé des sciences

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Intervention pour les Rencontres des professionnels de l'information scientifique et techniques (RPIST), 2009, Nancy

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Blogs de science en français : l'expérience de la communauté du C@fé des sciences

  1. 1. Blogs de science en français : l’expérience de la communauté du C@fé des sciences Antoine Blanchard http://www.cafe-sciences.org RP IST, 23 juin 2009 14/11/2008 1
  2. 2. Nouveau mode de publication scientifique ? • “personal knowledge publishing” (Paquet 2002) http://bit.ly/Paquet2002 • “online research tool” (Mortensen et Walker 2002) • “scientific blogging” (Anonyme 2003) • “conversational scholarship” (Gregg 2006) 23/06/09 2
  3. 3. Seulement de l’info-doc ? Walker (2006) racontant son expérience du blog académique : pas un moyen de documenter la recherche mais plutôt de mener cette recherche “research happens in blogs, and in the conversations between blogs. Blogs aren’t about documentation, they’re about doing, thinking and discussing. And they’re about catching fleeting thoughts and making them explicit” 23/06/09 3
  4. 4. Blogs de science vs. IST Un moyen de : – faire de la science (ex : cahiers de laboratoire) 23/06/09 4
  5. 5. Blogs de science vs. IST Un moyen de : – faire de la science (ex : cahiers de laboratoire) 23/06/09 6
  6. 6. Blogs de science vs. IST Un moyen de : – faire de la science (ex : cahiers de laboratoire) – s’informer sur la science (ex : encyclopédies) 23/06/09 6
  7. 7. Blogs de science vs. IST Un moyen de : – faire de la science (ex : cahiers de laboratoire) – s’informer sur la science (ex : encyclopédies) 23/06/09 8
  8. 8. Blogs de science vs. IST Un moyen de : – faire de la science (ex : cahiers de laboratoire) – s’informer sur la science (ex : encyclopédies) – parler de science (ex : correspondance des lecteurs dans les revues, machine à café…) 23/06/09 8
  9. 9. Historique du C@fé des sciences • 2006 : lectures, émulation, premiers contacts entre les 3 fondateurs • décembre 2006 : lancement avec 6 blogs participants • décembre 2007 : nouvelle version permettant de publier du contenu inédit • janvier 2008 : création de l’association C@fetiers des sciences • mai 2009 : 2,5 ans/ 25 blogs agrégés 23/06/09 11
  10. 10. Activité du C@fé des sciences • une journée ordinaire dans la communauté – jeudi 9 avril : 5 billets publiés, 11 commentaires – vendredi 5 juin : 6 billets, 15 commentaires • bon rythme de publication, nouveau contenu tous les jours • quelques milliers de visites/jour, une petite fraction de commentaires • 2,5 commentaires/billet en moyenne 23/06/09 13
  11. 11. Contenu du C@fé des sciences • articles de fond • actualité scientifique – actualité des médias généralistes/spécialisés – actualité de la recherche et des congrès • comptes-rendus de lecture • “chroniques de laboratoire” • billets d’humeur, opinions • autre contenu qui appartient au style propre du blog : mise en perspective, réflexivité… 23/06/09 15
  12. 12. Quelques conversations- types 23/06/09 16
  13. 13. Notre public • pas fixé a priori ≠ CCSTI • public hétérogène qui se mélange sans barrières ≠ typologie traditionnelle des discours scientifiques qui distingue discours scientifiques primaires (destinés aux chercheurs), discours à vocation didactique (destinés aux étudiants) et discours de vulgarisation (destinés au grand public) 23/06/09 21
  14. 14. Autres communautés à l’étranger 23/06/09 22
  15. 15. Autres communautés à l’étranger 23/06/09 22
  16. 16. Autres communautés à l’étranger 23/06/09 22
  17. 17. Autres communautés à l’étranger 23/06/09 22
  18. 18. Autres communautés à l’étranger 23/06/09 22
  19. 19. Pourquoi une communauté ? • être plus visible et toucher les lecteurs là où ils sont 23/06/09 23
  20. 20. ©© alanak
  21. 21. ©© Aurélien Tabard
  22. 22. ©© Manic Street Preacher
  23. 23. Pourquoi une communauté ? 23/06/09 27
  24. 24. Pourquoi une communauté ? • être plus visible et toucher les lecteurs là où ils sont 23/06/09 27
  25. 25. Pourquoi une communauté ? • être plus visible et toucher les lecteurs là où ils sont • rester motivé • se risquer à bloguer en dehors de sa zone de confort en sachant qu'un collègue pourra facilement compléter ou rectifier • bloguer à plusieurs mains et échanger en coulisses (Google Group) 23/06/09 27
  26. 26. Les blogs dans l’IST 2.0 • archives ouvertes • wikis • revues en accès libre • peer commentary • data repositories •… 23/06/09 28
  27. 27. Quelques transformations récentes • les blogs de science ont toujours porté la voix de la Multitude face à l’Empire (Söderqvist 2008) • deux types d’institutionalisation en cours : – blogs “officiels” ou de doyens qui maintiennent l’Empire (Paris 6, EHESP) – plateforme de blogs qui misent sur la Multitude (Paris 5, Rennes 1) 23/06/09 37
  28. 28. Perspectives d’avenir • Perte de l’identité et la singularité des blogs ? • Plateforme unique pour remplacer l’habituel archipel des sciences ? • Disparition du journalisme scientifique ? 23/06/09 38

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