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SOCI/ANTH Material Culture Week 3: Social Theory

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SOCI/ANTH Material Culture Week 3: Social Theory

  1. 1. Week 3 — Social Theory SOCI/ANTH 441 Material Culture Alexandre Enkerli September 17, 2008
  2. 2. Today <ul><li>Project talk </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Logistics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Work with Objects </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Themes in material culture </li></ul><ul><li>Theory Tasters </li></ul>
  3. 3. Project Logistics <ul><li>Part I due October 1 </li></ul><ul><li>Can do “prewrite” by September 24 </li></ul><ul><li>Find thing </li></ul><ul><li>Start work on </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Description </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Literature </li></ul></ul>
  4. 5. What is it? <ul><li>What is it called? </li></ul><ul><li>What is it made of? </li></ul><ul><li>How are intrinsic elements integrated? </li></ul><ul><li>What is it related to? </li></ul><ul><li>What is its history? </li></ul><ul><li>What is its future? </li></ul>
  5. 6. What does it do? <ul><li>What are its effects on the world? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Material, physical, biological effects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Psychological, emotional effects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social effects </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How does it function? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Relationship between parts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intended uses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unintended uses </li></ul></ul>
  6. 7. What does it mean? <ul><li>To subject </li></ul><ul><li>In group </li></ul><ul><li>In cultural context </li></ul>
  7. 9. Diachrony <ul><li>History </li></ul><ul><li>Story </li></ul><ul><li>Genealogy </li></ul><ul><li>Biography </li></ul><ul><li>Transformation </li></ul><ul><li>Shaping </li></ul><ul><li>Dynamic </li></ul>
  8. 10. Ethnography <ul><li>Cultural diversity </li></ul><ul><li>Tradition </li></ul><ul><li>Purity </li></ul><ul><li>Trash </li></ul><ul><li>Representation </li></ul>
  9. 11. Daily Life <ul><li>Public/private dichotomy </li></ul><ul><li>Domesticity </li></ul><ul><li>Use of objects </li></ul><ul><li>Ritualization </li></ul><ul><li>Sacred/profane </li></ul>
  10. 12. Marxian <ul><li>Means of Production </li></ul><ul><li>Consumption </li></ul><ul><li>Globalization </li></ul><ul><li>Commodification </li></ul><ul><li>Materialism </li></ul><ul><li>Environmentalism </li></ul><ul><li>Gift economy </li></ul>
  11. 13. Status and Inequality <ul><li>Gender </li></ul><ul><li>Age </li></ul><ul><li>Class </li></ul><ul><li>Ethnicity </li></ul>
  12. 15. Theories <ul><li>Not stuck on detail </li></ul><ul><li>Named or not </li></ul><ul><li>Material culture classics </li></ul><ul><li>Adapt frameworks </li></ul><ul><li>All related </li></ul>
  13. 16. ANT and SI <ul><li>Constructivism (non-essentialism) </li></ul><ul><li>Post-modernism and post-structuralism </li></ul><ul><li>Architecture </li></ul><ul><li>Human+Non-human </li></ul><ul><li>Agency </li></ul>
  14. 17. Latour Themes <ul><li>Human/non-human agency </li></ul><ul><li>Objectification of human agency </li></ul><ul><li>Unreliability of object/humans </li></ul><ul><li>Function of object and absence of object </li></ul><ul><li>Non-human relation to human relations </li></ul><ul><li>Subscribing (and style) </li></ul>
  15. 18. Latour Terms <ul><li>Scene (people and things) </li></ul><ul><li>Delegation (give over) </li></ul><ul><li>Prescription (order for action: goal and modification) </li></ul><ul><li>Subscription (conform) </li></ul><ul><li>De-inscription (deviate) </li></ul><ul><li>Obligatory Passage Point (what has to occur) </li></ul><ul><li>Pre-inscription (everything upstream) </li></ul>
  16. 19. ANT Links <ul><li>http://www.istheory.yorku.ca/actornetworktheory.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://carbon.cudenver.edu/~mryder/itc_data/ant_dff.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Actor-network_theory </li></ul>
  17. 21. Smith & Bugni Themes <ul><li>Places representing people/identities </li></ul><ul><li>Expressing self </li></ul><ul><li>Reflects/influences </li></ul><ul><li>Efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>Protecting from over-stimulation </li></ul><ul><li>Proximity and urban space (iPod software) </li></ul><ul><li>Intrinsic meaning or possibilities </li></ul><ul><li>Sensory dimensions </li></ul>
  18. 22. Lip-Service
  19. 23. Tech World <ul><li>Forced adoption </li></ul><ul><li>Luddites </li></ul><ul><li>Losing jobs to robots </li></ul><ul><li>Marrying robots in 50 years ? </li></ul><ul><li>Technological singularity </li></ul>
  20. 24. Science Culture <ul><li>Geek culture </li></ul><ul><li>AI </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hello world </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Turing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Biological machines </li></ul><ul><li>Nanotech </li></ul><ul><li>Science-Fiction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Genuine People Personalities (HHGttG) </li></ul></ul>
  21. 25. Next Week <ul><li>Domesticity and Gender </li></ul><ul><li>Private life and social inequality </li></ul><ul><li>Places and objects </li></ul>

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