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ANTH326 Meeting 6


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ANTH326 Meeting 6

  1. 1. ANTH326 Peoples and Cultures of Sub-Saharan Africa<br />Meeting 6: Flesh and Blood<br />October 13, 2010<br />
  2. 2. Both<br />
  3. 3. History in Anthropological Frame<br />Anthropologists using/doing history<br />Historian on ethnicity<br />Ethnohistory<br />Particularism<br />
  4. 4. Africa Perceived<br />Infantilization<br />Ignorance<br />Contradictory tropes<br />Circulation of tropes<br />Pop culture<br />Media coverage (Comaroffs on Time)<br />Rescue narrative<br />Ethnographic journalism <br />
  5. 5. Comaroffs<br />
  6. 6. Jean and John Comaroffs<br />Current anthropology<br />Non-radical particularism<br />Ethnographic approach<br />Writing style<br />Both from ZA<br />
  7. 7. Modernity<br />Continuity<br />Foucault<br />Modernist self<br />Individualism<br />
  8. 8. Contact<br />Africa and Europe<br />Pre-Scramble Africa<br />Variety of outcomes<br />Exchange<br />
  9. 9. Colonialism<br />Empire<br />Not all imposed<br />Hegemony<br />Civilizing mission<br />
  10. 10. Mission<br />Proselytism<br />Wesleyan<br />Pragmatism<br />Objectified power<br />
  11. 11. Livingstone<br />London Missionary Society<br />Obstetrics<br />Gender<br />Intimacy<br />Modernized?<br />Parallel Newton<br />
  12. 12. Soft Relativism<br />Learn from locals<br />Contextual adaptation<br />Parallel therapeutic traditions<br />Therapeutic repertoire<br />Exotic knowledge<br />Remaining importance of imported medicine<br />Pragmatic<br />Social expediency<br />
  13. 13. Negative Impact on Health<br />West Africa as white man's grave<br />“Diseases of civilization” (lifestyle diseases)<br />Maggi cubes<br />
  14. 14. Medicine<br />Body and soul dualism<br />Africa as Lab<br />Pasteur revolution<br />
  15. 15. Medical Anthropology Classics<br />Subsistence strategies<br />Hot/cold<br />Tepidness<br />What perceived as disease/illness<br />Significance of barrenness<br />
  16. 16. Hygiene<br />Grease/grace<br />Cleanliness/Godliness<br />Douglas on cleansing<br />Matter out of place<br />Ablutions<br />Parallel Islam?<br />
  17. 17. “Moral Hygiene”<br />Health and morals as connected<br />Morality and mortality<br />Moral side of health<br />Strong connections<br />Straw cabin, roof, and dress<br />
  18. 18. Social “Ills”<br />Social body<br />Sociosomatic healing<br />Back to causal<br />
  19. 19. Belief Systems<br />Beliefs and science<br />Beliefs and healing<br />Ritual healing (Roberts)<br />Secrecy<br />Secret Bible<br />Conflicting ideas about resurrection<br />
  20. 20. Contemporary Echoes<br />Neo-Colonialism<br />Development<br />MSF and experimenting (Lab Africa)<br />AIDS<br />
  21. 21. Transition<br />
  22. 22. Syncretism<br />Belief systems<br />African Christianity<br />Voodoo<br />Beliefs changing<br />Across generations<br />
  23. 23. Syncretization<br />Mix-and-match/pick-and-choose?<br />Not haphazard<br />Fertile ground<br />Compartmentalization<br />Fluidity<br />Counterpoint<br />
  24. 24. Creole<br />Creole identity<br />Creole languages<br />Central African Republic<br />
  25. 25. Racialism<br />Division of humanity as “races”<br />Leading to racism<br />But also anti-racist<br />Telegraphing Afrocentrists<br />Emergence of genetics<br />Sociobiology<br />Eugenics<br />
  26. 26. Roberts<br />
  27. 27. Africa Outside Continent<br />Still African studies<br />Africa created by colonialism<br />Pan-Africanism<br />Slave trade<br />
  28. 28. Diversity<br />Through diverse African origins<br />Through diverse experiences<br />
  29. 29. Ethnic Identity<br />Segu Empire<br />Bounded entity? <br />Fluidity<br />Bazin «À chacun son bambara» (“To Each Their Own Bambara”)<br />Constructed identities<br />Back to Southall<br />Labels<br />
  30. 30. Bambara<br />Ethnonym<br />From outside<br />Bamanan<br />Rejection of Islam<br />Folk etymology<br />Now identified as Muslim<br />
  31. 31. Mande languages<br />Glossonyms<br />Maninka (Malinke)<br />Not necessarily Mande identity<br />Related families<br />