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ANTH326 Meeting 12 (Final)

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ANTH326 Meeting 12 (Final)

  1. 1. ANTH326 Peoples and Cultures of Sub-Saharan Africa Meeting 12, November 26, 2007
  2. 2. Business <ul><li>Last two course meetings next week </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chabal/Daloz </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wrap-Up (freebie) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Exam </li></ul><ul><ul><li>December 7 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Final paper </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Due December 5 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No penalty until December 10 </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Salm Themes
  4. 4. Salm Themes Team 1 <ul><li>Globalisation </li></ul><ul><li>Create class/generation conflict </li></ul><ul><li>Positive reinforcement (clubs and members) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Support system </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Independence/identity </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-establishment (government restricted help) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Salm Themes Team 2 <ul><li>Community revival </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Geographical (area) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Support system </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Generational conflict </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Language </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Youth embracing change </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rejection British colonial culture </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reinterpretation of U.S. culture (making own) </li></ul><ul><li>Social mobility (ideas, people) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Salm Themes Team 3 <ul><li>Globalization </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Integration Western culture in own (e.g. Hiplife) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Generation gap </li></ul><ul><li>Lifestyle and identity change </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nicknames </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dress style </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Language </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Independence </li></ul>
  7. 7. Salm Themes Team 4 <ul><li>Subcultures </li></ul><ul><li>New youth culture coming up </li></ul><ul><li>Youth as created/constructed </li></ul><ul><li>Creating new identities in Post-Colonial </li></ul>
  8. 8. Comparisons <ul><li>With Pre-Colonial/stereotypical Africa </li></ul><ul><li>With United States/“West” </li></ul><ul><li>With Swahili Coast genres (Askew) </li></ul><ul><li>With Congolese music (White) </li></ul>
  9. 9. Stereotypical <ul><li>Traditional, rituals, typical dress </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rock’n’Roll not fitting (amplified music, dress…) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Appealing for reason, rebellious </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Africa needs change? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Youth seeking change </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Western <ul><li>Everyone ok in West? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Generation conflict </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Bigger impact (not fad) </li></ul><ul><li>Government opposed and sanctioned </li></ul>
  11. 11. Swahili <ul><li>Dance groups retain culture </li></ul><ul><li>Wider mix of influences on Swahili Coast </li></ul><ul><li>Government using dance for promotion </li></ul><ul><li>No generational gap </li></ul><ul><li>Not anti-colonial </li></ul><ul><li>Both on social support networks </li></ul><ul><li>Foreign, turning into locally meaningful </li></ul>
  12. 12. Congolese <ul><li>Generational conflict in both </li></ul><ul><li>Music as aid during socio-political strife </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural appropriation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Glocal identity </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Young Africa
  14. 14. Youthful Africa <ul><li>Old continent (long history) </li></ul><ul><li>Tradition </li></ul><ul><li>Young population </li></ul><ul><ul><li>High fertility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>50% under 16yo ( ASA 2003 ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>43% under 15yo ( PRB on Sub-Saharan Africa) </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Youth Culture <ul><li>Defining youth </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Age (under 18) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Biology (puberty) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Context (parenthood, responsibilities) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Extended family, gerontocracy </li></ul><ul><li>Generation gap </li></ul><ul><li>Models </li></ul>
  16. 16. Salm Notes
  17. 17. Ghana <ul><li>Independence </li></ul><ul><li>Kwame Nkrumah (CPP) </li></ul><ul><li>Urban context </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Accra (currently ~2M people) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Neighbourhoods </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Approach <ul><li>Pop culture </li></ul><ul><li>Economic conditions </li></ul><ul><li>History, diachrony </li></ul><ul><li>Ethnography </li></ul><ul><li>Media coverage </li></ul><ul><li>Elite </li></ul>
  19. 19. Diversity <ul><li>Within population </li></ul><ul><li>Subculture </li></ul><ul><li>Marginality, deviance, delinquency </li></ul><ul><li>Generation gap </li></ul><ul><li>Trendiness </li></ul><ul><li>Influences </li></ul>
  20. 20. Music <ul><li>“ Jazz Feedback” </li></ul><ul><li>Highlife </li></ul><ul><li>Hiplife </li></ul><ul><li>Kpanlogo </li></ul><ul><li>Rock’n’Roll </li></ul><ul><li>Rock historians/critics </li></ul>
  21. 21. “ Traditional Africa”
  22. 22. “ Modern or Traditional” <ul><li>Locally constructed </li></ul><ul><li>Complexify </li></ul><ul><li>Perceived/intentional discontinuity/continuity </li></ul><ul><li>Generational differences </li></ul><ul><li>National context </li></ul>
  23. 23. Orality <ul><li>Verbal communication </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Include sign languages, “body language” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exclude writing (but may include IM) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Chain of direct transmission </li></ul><ul><li>Immediacy/instantaneity/simultaneity </li></ul><ul><li>Exchange/dialogue/back-and-forth </li></ul><ul><li>Multi-layered/multi-channel </li></ul>
  24. 24. “ Oral societies” <ul><li>“ Pre-literate?” </li></ul><ul><li>Writing as defining feature? </li></ul><ul><li>Functional literacy? </li></ul><ul><li>Writing systems often exist </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Coexistence oral/written </li></ul></ul>

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