Future of mobility - An Infographic #EnjoyDigitAll by BNP Paribas
A right to mobility, that includes training and support is a
way for everyone to have the same opportunities to move
without harming others. We must, therefore, add the
environmental and social factors to the speed and cost
ones when choosing how to commute and travel.
Mobility is political. It’s an infrastructure network that
inﬂuences our policies, a world political goal, a local and
national political issue, and even sometimes, a political
force in its own right.
Intermodality is the use
of several modes of
transportation during of
the same trip.
shifting from a logic of
to a user-centric logic.
FACE À LA MOBILITÉ
FROM NOW ON
my transport will be…
my transport will be…
Transport inclusiveness means giving to everyone the same opportunity to move.
It implies making it possible for every disadvantaged minority (economical,
demographical, geographical, physical, etc.) to get access to it.
In Medellin, Colombia, the
neighborhoods with gondola
lifts and escalators. It helped
the populations open up and
criminality to fall.
In Curitiba, Brazil, the
'Bus Rapid Transit' was
designed like the
underground metros and
makesit possible for
disabled wheelchairs to
move without a hitch.
In Bethune, France,
free shuttles pick up
over 70s at home
and take them
In Niort, France, buses
are totally free. In
addition to many
beneﬁts, this enables
people from the most
classes to move and
participate in local life.
In Abidjan and
Seoul, the public
with local telecoms
to combine their
data and create or
modify relevant bus
project that offers
imagine the future
of their city by
creating it in the
on "civic tech". This
movement uses open
public data) to create
new tools that
improve the lives of
Interoperability is the ability of systems, units and materials to operate together.
The mobility tools must henceforth be included in the logic of collective and standardized mobility.
INTEROPERABLE & CONNECTED
These new trains should theoretically exceed the
speed of sound, be less energy intensive and less
expensive. The ﬁrst research on the topic dates back
from the 1900s. The technical, physical, economic or
ecological constraints are still too numerous to really
compete with current high-speed trains and to
reach the announced speeds in the near future.
The fact that they are at hand, available on a large scale by 2050
is a near certainty. Electric and autonomous cars nevertheless
raise many questions. Should we continue individual
transports in machines that are still weighed down by
batteries and sensors? Are we not risking the increase
of urban sprawl? Which economic players will drain
the beneﬁts of this new car service model? Etc.
ELECTRIC & AUTONOMOUS CARS
Open source makes it possible to access, redistribute freely and create works derived
from a computer code, a database or any other work of the mind.
Bus Rapid TransitFree buses
Code for All Block by BlockData
Free shuttle for
Mobility As A Service (MAAS) is a
vision based on the uniﬁcation of
mobility services and a fusion of
multimodal ticketing and
Mobility As A
In France, several cities
offer this service, like
Mulhouse with the
"Mobility Account" and
Since the 1980s, European countries have been
trying to harmonize their train lines by setting
network standards so as to facilitate the transition
from one country to another.
Rail network standards
Tested by European project SARTRE, the "Platooning"
consists in connecting vehicles to one another via WiFi.
Thus, the vehicles that follower a ﬁrst of rope align their
actions on it, which reduces energy consumption and
trafﬁc congestionthanks to an aspiration effect.
necessary to link the
facilities from the ﬁrst
to the last mile:
• Urban Transport (subway,
tramway, bicycle etc.)
• Rural transport (bicycle,
carpooling, car etc.)
• Long-distance transport
(plane, train, bus,
North American Hyperloop One
Virgin, Hyperloop TT and Transpod
are at the forefront of the
Hyperloop research. The train
would be elevated using magnetic
levitation and launched through a
low-pressure tube. The Hyperloop
One Virgin holds the speed record
at 240 mph. Far from the TGV
and its 357 mph.
The magnetic levitation train, ﬁrst
used in Germany and then named
Transrapid, was abandoned after a
crash in 2006. Some lines still exist
but it is the Japanese variant, the
Maglev, which has the wind in its
sails. The Tokyo-Osaka line under
construction for 2037 will support
the latest prototype that can
go up to 375 mph.
The technologies have been known for
many years, but questions remain. Will
electric power be renewable or will it
only displace the problem? What
alternative to lithium batteries? Etc.
Autonomous cars are a near reality but here again
questions remain. How to provide enough energy
for the huge computing power needed? How to
secure connected cars in the network? What
ethical choices to accept in case of accidents? Etc.
Jean Bertin's Aerotrain, a train
mounted on a cushion of air and
placed in a low-pressure tube,
reached the speed of 267 mph in
1970. French Startup Spacetrain - a
subsidiary of Jacques Vaucanson –
reuses the principles of the
Aérotrain. First tests are
planned in 2020.
The ﬁrst drones/cars are just
taking off and their
commercials are already
announced. The prices are very
high and the difﬁculties they
imply (securing the airspace,
expensive and nonexistent
infrastructures, opposed to
ecological discourses, etc.)
make their large-scale
Skytran (USA) and Métrino
(New Zealand) are the two main
players in these new gondola
lifts. Very energy-saving,
malleable in their design, fast,
and at the same time collective,
individual and on demand
transport, they seem to match
all the characteristics of what
would be the best urban
transport of the future.
Sources : www.lesechos.fr/thema/ • « Transport en commun gratuit : ça paye, la preuve à Niort » - www.sudouest.fr
« Où en est l'hyperloop ? Le point sur les technologies-clés de ce train du futur » - www.sciencesetavenir.fr
SkyTran : Le moyen de transport qui va révolutionner nos villes - www.parismatch.com • www.blockbyblock.org
www.lametro.fr/ • Illustrations : freepik.com • « Metrino, le transport en commun du futur » - vivredemain.fr