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As related to
• Uses of the human body
• Arrangement of the work place
• Design of tools and equipment
You need a good checklists
Objective is to maximize efficiency
and minimize worker fatigue
Principles of Motion Economy
As related to the uses of the human body
• Two hands should begin and complete their
motions at the same time.
• Two hands should not be idle at the same time.
• Motions of the arms should be made in opposite
and symmetrical direction and should be made
simultaneously.
• Hand and body motions should be confined
to the lowest classification with which it is
possible to perform the work satisfactorily.
Principles of Motion Economy
As related to the uses of the human body
• Momentum should be employed to
assist the worker wherever possible,
and it should be reduced to a
minimum if it must be overcome by
muscular effort.
• Ballistic movement are faster, easier
and more accurate than restricted or
controlled movements.
Principles of Motion Economy
As related to the uses of the human body
• Work should be arranged
to permit an easy and
natural rhythm wherever
possible.
• Eye fixations should be as
few and as close as
possible.
Principles of Motion Economy
As related to the workplace arrangement
• There should be a definite and
fixed place for all tools and
materials.
• Tools, materials and controls
should be located close to the
point of uses.
• Gravity feed bins and containers
should be used to deliver material
close to the point of use.
Principles of Motion Economy
As related to the workplace arrangement
• Drop deliveries should be used
wherever possible.
• Materials and tools should be
located to permit the best
sequence of motions.
Principles of Motion Economy
As related to the workplace arrangement
• Provisions should be made for adequate conditions for
seeing. Good illumination is the first requirement for
satisfactory visual perception.
• The height of the work place and the chair should be
preferably arranged so that alternate sitting and standing
at work are easily possible.
• A chair of the type and height to permit
good posture should be provided
for every worker.
Principles of Motion Economy
As related to the equipment design
• The hands should be relieved of all
work that can be done more
advantageously by a jig, a fixture,
or a foot-operated device.
• Two or more tools should be
combined whenever possible.
• Tools and materials should be pre-
positioned whenever possible.
Principles of Motion Economy
As related to the equipment design
• Where each finger performs some specific
movement, such as in typewriting, the load
should be distributed in accordance with the
inherent capacities of the fingers.
• Levers, hand wheels, and other controls
should be located in such positions that the
operator can manipulate them with
the least change in body position and
with the greatest speed and ease.
Any Questions?

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Principle of motion economy presented at BSTQM

  • 1. As related to • Uses of the human body • Arrangement of the work place • Design of tools and equipment You need a good checklists Objective is to maximize efficiency and minimize worker fatigue
  • 2. Principles of Motion Economy As related to the uses of the human body • Two hands should begin and complete their motions at the same time. • Two hands should not be idle at the same time. • Motions of the arms should be made in opposite and symmetrical direction and should be made simultaneously. • Hand and body motions should be confined to the lowest classification with which it is possible to perform the work satisfactorily.
  • 3. Principles of Motion Economy As related to the uses of the human body • Momentum should be employed to assist the worker wherever possible, and it should be reduced to a minimum if it must be overcome by muscular effort. • Ballistic movement are faster, easier and more accurate than restricted or controlled movements.
  • 4. Principles of Motion Economy As related to the uses of the human body • Work should be arranged to permit an easy and natural rhythm wherever possible. • Eye fixations should be as few and as close as possible.
  • 5. Principles of Motion Economy As related to the workplace arrangement • There should be a definite and fixed place for all tools and materials. • Tools, materials and controls should be located close to the point of uses. • Gravity feed bins and containers should be used to deliver material close to the point of use.
  • 6. Principles of Motion Economy As related to the workplace arrangement • Drop deliveries should be used wherever possible. • Materials and tools should be located to permit the best sequence of motions.
  • 7. Principles of Motion Economy As related to the workplace arrangement • Provisions should be made for adequate conditions for seeing. Good illumination is the first requirement for satisfactory visual perception. • The height of the work place and the chair should be preferably arranged so that alternate sitting and standing at work are easily possible. • A chair of the type and height to permit good posture should be provided for every worker.
  • 8. Principles of Motion Economy As related to the equipment design • The hands should be relieved of all work that can be done more advantageously by a jig, a fixture, or a foot-operated device. • Two or more tools should be combined whenever possible. • Tools and materials should be pre- positioned whenever possible.
  • 9. Principles of Motion Economy As related to the equipment design • Where each finger performs some specific movement, such as in typewriting, the load should be distributed in accordance with the inherent capacities of the fingers. • Levers, hand wheels, and other controls should be located in such positions that the operator can manipulate them with the least change in body position and with the greatest speed and ease.