Finite & nofinite verbs


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Finite & nofinite verbs

  1. 1. Verbs Finite Verb Non-finite Verb
  2. 2. Finite Verb It makes a sentence complete. e.g.: I read a book. Verb which has a subject and change its form with the: Tense of the verb(present, past, future) Number(singular, plural) E.g.: I read a book. He reads a book. Verbs used in all TENSES are finite
  3. 3. Non -Finite Verb Verb which has no subject, tense or number. It cannot make a sentence complete and needs help of one finite verb to complete its meaning. E.g.: I to play cricket. I like to play cricket. √ (‘like’ made the non-finite verb
  4. 4. Non -Finite Verb It does not change its form according to the person or number of its subject. E.g.: I like to play cricket. He likes to play cricket. Infinitives, Gerunds and Participles are Non-Finite verbs
  5. 5. Gerunds
  6. 6. • A gerund is a special kind of noun that we make from a verb. • 1. Running is good cardiovascular exercise. (subject in sentence) • 2. Many people don't enjoy working at their jobs. (direct object in sentence) • 3. Elena is excited about working at her new job. (object of the preposition "about.") • 4.One of the most popular exercises
  7. 7. Participle
  8. 8. Present Participle-  Formed by adding –ing  Is always active as expresses continuous action Hearing the sound, the man ran out. Past Participle-  Formed by adding-’ed, en, n, t, d’ to the root verb  Refers to completed action and is passive in nature. The smell of roasted chicken filled the
  9. 9. Perfect Participle Formed by adding ‘Having/Having been’ before the participle form of verb. Having finished our work, we went home. Having been loved by everyone, the child felt severe.
  10. 10. Difference between Gerund & Present Participle
  11. 11. A gerund is a "VERB+ING" that works as a NOUN in a sentence. 1.Walking is good for health. 2.He goes for walking. Present participle is also "VERB+ING", but it does not work as NOUN. It works as an adjective and modifier. Adjective: 1.We may need walking stick at our old age. 2.They are searching for swimming cloth. Modifier: 1.Seeing the police, the thief ran away. 2. Resting a while, he returned to his desk.
  12. 12. Infinitive A verb consisting of the word ‘to’+ root verb and functioning as a noun, adjective or adverb. He refuses to accept our help. They want to read a book.
  13. 13. To Infinitive/ Present Infinitive S+ finite verb+ to + V1 + obj. E.g.:  I want to play cricket.  He failed to get the pass  They managed to reach there on time.  We hope to get better results.
  14. 14. Adjective/ Noun/ Pronoun Infinitive S+ finite verb+ ad/noun/pronoun oIt is nice to see you here. oWe are sure to win. oPlease give me your pen to write with. oIt was silly of me to miss your lecture.
  15. 15. Question word Infinitive S+ finite verb+ Question word+ infinitive +Object e.g.: I don’t know how to help her. I wonder when to call him up. They could not decide whether to go or not.
  16. 16. Perfect Infinitive S + finite verb + to + have + V3 + obj. E.g.: I am happy to have met you. He pretended to have seen the film. I intended to have called you.
  17. 17. Bare Infinitive S + finite verb + obj. + V1 E.g.:  His jokes made us laugh.  I saw him come.  You need not go there.  We heard her lock the door.  Please help me cross the road.
  18. 18. Difference between Gerunds & Infinitives
  19. 19. Gerunds are often used when actions are real, fixed, or completed and continuous. • I enjoy cooking. •She avoids walking in the rain. Infinitives are often used when actions are unreal, abstract, or future and one time action. •He wants to swim. •He refuses to talk to me.
  20. 20. Identify .......
  21. 21. 1. Rising prices of vegetables is a cause to worry. 2. Reading is fun. 3. A rolling stone gathers no moss. 4. She enjoys gardening on the weekends. 5. Carrying pets on board in the flight is forbidden. 6. I love to dance in the rain. 7. Backbiting is not a good habit. 8. Having spoken to him I realised that he was genuinely in trouble.
  22. 22. 8.Cheating among pupils will not be tolerated. 9. We intend to leave early. 10. Travelling might satisfy your desire for new experiences. 11. They asked me to bring some food. 12. Waiting seemed foolish. 13. The crying baby had a wet diaper. 14. Arriving at the store, I found that it was closed. 15.Having read the newspaper, i came to know about the accident.
  23. 23. Answers 1.Participl e 2.Gerund 3.Participl e 4.Gerund 5.Participl e 6.Infinitiv e 7.Gerund 8.Participl e 9.Gerund 10.Infinitive 11.Gerund 12.Infinitive
  24. 24. 13.Participle 14.Participle 15.Participle