Recasting The Net

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Recasting The Net

  1. 1. From imagination to impact
  2. 2. Recasting the Net The Internet of Things and the Future of the Digital Economy David Skellern
  3. 3. Plan • The information and communication technology revolution • NICTA’s Digital Economy Framework & research examples – Broadband infrastructure – Smart devices – Digital services – Content & Applications • The Future – the Internet of Things – RFID catering – Intelligent transport systems and traffic control • Social issues
  4. 4. The Past – the Technological Revolution •Computers and dedicated terminals with static applications •Evolution to network connected – private network; internet
  5. 5. The Internet • eMail and file transfer • WWW - web browsers initially feeding information search engines fuelled growth web-enabled e-Commerce
  6. 6. More Technological Revolution – widespread embedding of computers in “smart” things
  7. 7. Web 2.0: personal networks; self-organising communities
  8. 8. Web 2.0: user content; wisdom of crowds
  9. 9. Web 2.0: Mashups
  10. 10. Web 2.0 • Dynamic, sharing and interaction • Increasingly information tagged with “meaning” (semantics)
  11. 11. Mobile Internet • Mobile Internet represents a new computing cycle – Mainframe Minicomputer PC PC Internet Mobile Internet • Uses for the Mobile Internet platform include numerous potential killer applications: – email…SMS…web access…search…music…video…camera…news … blogs…games…maps…navigation…location-based services…social networking… • Why? – handsets becoming small functional computers – cheaper / faster / more storage – more content – better user-interfaces – faster networks (eg 3G: iSuppli estimates ~750 million users in 2009 ) • Consumers spending billions on mobile content Source: Morgan Stanley Research
  12. 12. Apple Changed Mobile Game i – NOT – A - Phone Source: Apple via Morgan Stanley
  13. 13. Web 3.0 The apps are relatively small, the data is in the cloud, the apps can run on any device (PC or mobile), the apps are very fast and very customizable, and are distributed virally (social networks, email, etc). – Eric Schmidt, CEO of Google
  14. 14. Economic impact
  15. 15. About NICTA Recruit commercial and research staff from Australian and global communities Advanced ICT skills NICTA • National ICT Research Centre of Excellence R&D partnerships for • Not-for-profit Company competitive products & services • ~710 people in 5 Labs - ~430 staff - ~280 PhD students IP licensed to industry, including spinouts Seven university joint venture partners contribute researchers and students
  16. 16. NICTA Founders & Partners (2002) (2003) (2004) (2005)
  17. 17. Research for the Digital Economy Applications bringing together content and services, securely over the broadband network enabling new Applications applications in & Content the Digital Economy bringing everyday Digital services to the Services Digital Economy devices Smart delivering reliable data for the Devices Digital Economy inventing next Broadband generation Internet Infrastructure infrastructure
  18. 18. Research for the Digital Economy Applications bringing together content and services, securely over the broadband network NICTA Applications & Content Fast and scalable social networking Personalised medicine enabling new Remote office applications Location aware media distribution applications in Automatic update of in-car More crop for less water navigation systems the Digital Digital conveyancing and Economy Efficient movement of goods mortgages GENERIC DIGITAL ENABLERS eg SECTOR SPECIFIC eg Services • Context/Location • Search • transport, health, water, bringing everyday Digital • SOA • Cognitive logistics, eGov, emergency, services to the • Security • Systems enterprise … Digital Economy • Optimisation • Collaboration • Mobility • Cloud/Virtualisation (computing, storage …) • Human body monitoring for sport and medicine devices Devices Smart • Building confidence through mobile security - already in over delivering reliable 250 million mobile phones data for the • Content compression for mobile devices Digital Economy Infrastructure • Increasing capacity and reliability of the existing Internet backbone Broadband • Creating the next generation Internet with European and inventing next US researchers generation • Increasing wireless Internet capacity outdoors Internet infrastructure • Developing wireless for home high-definition entertainment
  19. 19. Broadband Infrastructure
  20. 20. Broadband infrastructure Experiment Description Results Deploy & Configure Control Measure Experimental Platform(s)
  21. 21. Broadband Infrastructure Sydney, Australia New Brunswick, USA L2 over L2 over 802.16 AARNet/Internet2 802.11p AARNet/Internet2 802.11p 802.16
  22. 22. Research for the Digital Economy Applications bringing together content and services, securely over the broadband network NICTA Applications & Content Fast and scalable social networking Personalised medicine enabling new Remote office applications Location aware media distribution applications in Automatic update of in-car More crop for less water navigation systems the Digital Digital conveyancing and Economy Efficient movement of goods mortgages GENERIC DIGITAL ENABLERS eg SECTOR SPECIFIC eg Services • Context/Location • Search • transport, health, water, bringing everyday Digital • SOA • Cognitive logistics, eGov, emergency, services to the • Security • Systems enterprise … Digital Economy • Optimisation • Collaboration • Mobility • Cloud/Virtualisation (computing, storage …) • Human body monitoring for sport and medicine devices Devices Smart • Building confidence through mobile security - already in over delivering reliable 250 million mobile phones data for the • Content compression for mobile devices Digital Economy Infrastructure • Increasing capacity and reliability of the existing Internet backbone Broadband • Creating the next generation Internet with European and inventing next US researchers generation • Increasing wireless Internet capacity outdoors Internet infrastructure • Developing wireless for home high-definition entertainment
  23. 23. Smart devices mContex t
  24. 24. Research for the Digital Economy Applications bringing together content and services, securely over the broadband network NICTA Applications & Content Fast and scalable social networking Personalised medicine enabling new Remote office applications Location aware media distribution applications in Automatic update of in-car More crop for less water navigation systems the Digital Digital conveyancing and Economy Efficient movement of goods mortgages GENERIC DIGITAL ENABLERS eg SECTOR SPECIFIC eg Services • Context/Location • Search • transport, health, water, bringing everyday Digital • SOA • Cognitive logistics, eGov, emergency, services to the • Security • Systems enterprise … Digital Economy • Optimisation • Collaboration • Mobility • Cloud/Virtualisation (computing, storage …) • Human body monitoring for sport and medicine devices Devices Smart • Building confidence through mobile security - already in over delivering reliable 250 million mobile phones data for the • Content compression for mobile devices Digital Economy Infrastructure • Increasing capacity and reliability of the existing Internet backbone Broadband • Creating the next generation Internet with European and inventing next US researchers generation • Increasing wireless Internet capacity outdoors Internet infrastructure • Developing wireless for home high-definition entertainment
  25. 25. Lending Industry Example
  26. 26. LIXI Valuations Reference Implementation Internet Internal Internal Workflow Valuation request Workflow • Task Mgt • Task Mgt •Applications •Applications Backchannel Valuation report Lender Valuer BPEL engine BPEL engine
  27. 27. Research for the Digital Economy Applications bringing together content and services, securely over the broadband network NICTA Applications & Content Fast and scalable social networking Personalised medicine enabling new Remote office applications Location aware media distribution applications in Automatic update of in-car More crop for less water navigation systems the Digital Digital conveyancing and Economy Efficient movement of goods mortgages GENERIC DIGITAL ENABLERS eg SECTOR SPECIFIC eg Services • Context/Location • Search • transport, health, water, bringing everyday Digital • SOA • Cognitive logistics, eGov, emergency, services to the • Security • Systems enterprise … Digital Economy • Optimisation • Collaboration • Mobility • Cloud/Virtualisation (computing, storage …) • Human body monitoring for sport and medicine devices Devices Smart • Building confidence through mobile security - already in over delivering reliable 250 million mobile phones data for the • Content compression for mobile devices Digital Economy Infrastructure • Increasing capacity and reliability of the existing Internet backbone Broadband • Creating the next generation Internet with EU and US researchers inventing next generation • Increasing wireless Internet capacity outdoors Internet • Developing wireless for home high-definition entertainment infrastructure
  28. 28. Digital Mortgages & Conveyancing LIXI
  29. 29. Digital Applications eTax, eHealth, … e-Everything
  30. 30. ePASA (e-Government Performance Assessment for Service Architectures) Technology Performance of Service Architectures and the CIO’s fear of the “meltdown” scenario • New e-Service to Citizens or Business is developed • Incorporate legacy with new services • Consume external services • Distributed and heterogeneous collections of sub-systems developed at different periods of time and by different vendors • Unknown demand on system • Unknown capacity of system • Potential for “meltdown” at service switch-on
  31. 31. ePASA Modelling and Simulation Tool
  32. 32. Service Oriented Performance Modelling 1. Architecture Description Inputs to 2. Business Loads the Model 3. Calibration Data/Assumptions M ign New Architecture od el es Options are -D Re identified ePASA Performance Model n An tio ula aly Will it Scale? sis m Si Where is the Bottleneck? ePASA Behaviour Prediction
  33. 33. Research for the Digital Economy Applications bringing together content and services, securely over the broadband network NICTA Applications & Content Fast and scalable social networking Personalised medicine enabling new Remote office applications Location aware media distribution applications in Automatic update of in-car More crop for less water navigation systems the Digital Digital conveyancing and Economy Efficient movement of goods mortgages GENERIC DIGITAL ENABLERS eg SECTOR SPECIFIC eg Services • Context/Location • Search • transport, health, water, bringing everyday Digital • SOA • Cognitive logistics, eGov, emergency, services to the • Security • Systems enterprise … Digital Economy • Optimisation • Collaboration • Mobility • Cloud/Virtualisation (computing, storage …) • Human body monitoring for sport and medicine devices Devices Smart • Building confidence through mobile security - already in over delivering reliable 250 million mobile phones data for the • Content compression for mobile devices Digital Economy Infrastructure • Increasing capacity and reliability of the existing Internet backbone Broadband • Creating the next generation Internet with European and inventing next US researchers generation • Increasing wireless Internet capacity outdoors Internet infrastructure • Developing wireless for home high-definition entertainment
  34. 34. The Future: The Internet of Things • Always on communications promises a world of networked and interconnected devices • Objects will either directly hold and deliver relevant information or will be tagged with an identifier that points to a register of information about them • Some objects will be able to be controlled
  35. 35. RFID and Sensors
  36. 36. RFID catering
  37. 37. RFID catering
  38. 38. RFID and Sensors
  39. 39. RFID and Sensors
  40. 40. RFID and Sensors
  41. 41. RFID and Sensors
  42. 42. RFID and Sensors
  43. 43. RFID and Sensors
  44. 44. RFID and Sensors
  45. 45. RTA • Roads and Traffic Authority of NSW – 25,000km roads – 3410 traffic signals – 4867 bridges • Developer of SCATS – 30+ years – 130 cities worldwide, 29 countries – 3500+ signalised junctions in NSW
  46. 46. Our 2020 Vision A new, better informed A significant and Traffic Management A significant and measurable measurable Infrastructure reduction in the reduction in the + Better decision support total social cost total social cost attributable to attributable to congestion. congestion. and incident management If nothing is done, the total avoidable social cost of congestion in Australia will exceed $20bn per annum by 2020” – BTRE 2007 And that’s about 1% of GDP!!! (…and that’s reflected world-wide)
  47. 47. Intelligent Transport Systems Active Traffic Management
  48. 48. Smart Sensing • Data Fusion ++ • Invariant feature detection • Headlights • Windscreens • Edges • … • Shadow/reflection removal • Low camera height Classification, flows, speeds, queue lengths, incidents with occlusion in extreme conditions (weather/light)
  49. 49. Control Optimisation Smart Intersection Control Dynamic Traffic Model Optimise Control Plan Control actions (switch lights) loop detectors, cameras, etc Sensors Actuators
  50. 50. Albion Park Test Bed • Major intersection of Pacific Hwy and Illawarra Hwy • Currently roundabout controlled • Grid-lock in AM and PM peak hours • All day grid-lock in vacations • Problem caused greater traffic flows than original design scenario • Installed signals… now… • Further opportunities for efficiency.
  51. 51. Cameras at Albion Park
  52. 52. Albion Park Test Bed
  53. 53. Entire Transport System Design & Optimization Example: For Technologically and Economically Developed Countries • Optimizing the control of vehicles, traffic & infrastructure to: – Minimize – fuel intake, emissions, traffic impact on infrastructure costs – Maximize – static & dynamic safety, energy conversion efficiency – Guarantee – sustainability of energy use and impact on global climate change
  54. 54. Social Issues • Orwell’s 1984 or “Big brother” • Privacy and security
  55. 55. From imagination to impact

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