AustraliaDesalination and Water       Security   Presentation to JCEC AGM Nov 2011             Neil Palmer, CEO
The National Centre ofExcellence inDesalination Australia   Established in 2009   $20m funding over 5 years from    Fede...
14 Research Partners                       3
Funding over 5 years:     Source     Australian Government   $20m     WA Government           $3m     Partners            ...
The Australian Desalination Research Roadmapdeveloped priority research themes,validated by industry   Pre-treatment   R...
Research Projects  Funding   Projects   NCEDA   Partners   TOTAL   Round               Funds   Cash and                   ...
Projects by priority research themes                                   Pretreatment                4      6      7        ...
Desal Discovery Centre                         8
Desal Discovery Centre                         9
Desal Discovery Centre at Chemfest 12 Nov 2011                                             10
PeopleMurdoch University ViceChancellorProfessor Richard HiggottNCEDA Chief ScientificOfficerProfessor David FurukawaNCEDA...
PeopleGraeme Rowley   Larry Lopez                        Larry Lopez
Students
International collaboration
Pilot Scale TestFacility                   15
Pilot Scale T Facility                                     estMembrane distillation                                       ...
Pilot Scale TestFacility  Membrane distillation                          17
Pilot Scale TestFacility               Great Victoria Desert                                       18
Tjuntjuntjara
Tjuntjuntjara
What is the place of seawater desalination in Australia’snatural cycle of drought and           floods?                   ...
NCEDA vision for desalination:   Efficient and sustainable augmentation of    traditional water sources to provide securi...
The Australian Millennium drought 1997-2010   23
The Australian Millennium drought 1997-2010        Pejar dam, Goulburn, NSW        November 2005                          ...
The AustralianMillennium drought1997-2010                     25
The drought breaks      Extensive flooding in Eastern states in      January 2011                                         ...
Wivenhoe Dam, Brisbane, January 2011                                       27
Water QualityPopulation Growth                                    28
NCEDA’s new vision for desalination? Efficient and sustainable augmentation of traditional water sources to provide securi...
Australian Population Density Source: ABS Statistical Local Area-based projections. Compiled by the Environmental Informat...
RainfallSource: Australian Bureau of Meteorology
Australian rainfall changeChange in rainfall, mm/ 10 years        1900 - 2010                                    1970 -201...
Perth, Australia                   33
Perth reservoir inflows long termStreamflows (GL/pa)                                             13.1 GL                  ...
Decline in groundwater resources                                   35
Australian Desalination            Distillation in 1895, Coolgardie
Coolgardie, 1895: distillation                                 Golden                                 Pipeline
Major Australian desalination plants        Karratha                                       Brisbane                    Why...
Courtesy of Water CorporationPerth 1   145 MLD
Gold Coast 125 MLD   Courtesy of WaterSecure
Courtesy of Sydney WaterSydney 250 MLD
Adelaide 300 MLD   Courtesy of SA Water Corporation
Courtesy of Water CorporationPerth 2 - 300 MLD
Melbourne 450 MLD   Courtesy of Victorian Government
Australia’s current major desal plants PLANT                MLD       MGD  PSDP               145       38  Gold Coast  ...
Potential future plants PLANT                    MLD   MGD  Whyalla                280   73  SSDP2                  150 ...
City                     Water       Desal       Desal     Percent                      Consumption   Capacity,   Capacity...
Trad     Desal700                                           2012 Desal Capacity600                                        ...
So what do we tellpeople aboutdesalination?                     49
For an averagehousehold, if allthe water camefrom desalination,the energy used isabout the same asthat used by therefriger...
The McMansion.Energy to desalt all the day’s water is used by the airconditioning system in less than 30 minutes          ...
The 747 has 4 engines each24 MW and cruises at 66MW – equivalent to 3 PerthDesal Plants                             52
Queen Mary 2• 117 MW installed power• More than enough power to make desalinated water  for the whole of Perth            ...
All energy use forthe big Australiandesal plants isoffset with windand solar energyVery low operatingcarbon footprint     ...
SA Water price increase for desalination                    08/09    09/10   10/11    11/12   08/09     08/09     11/12   ...
Affordable watersecurity                   56
Giant Cuttlefish, SA                       57
Cockburn Sound, WA              2.5 haPSDP        Courtesy of Water Corporation
Concentrate return   Kwinana outfall impact finding:     “The effluent from the desalination plant is so highly      dil...
International Workshop on Intakes andOutfallsGWI Desal Short SchoolAdelaide, South Australia 16-18 May 2012
62
Australia   THANK YOUwww.desalination.edu.au         Neil Palmer            CEO
111125 IChemE Palmer
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111125 IChemE Palmer

  1. 1. AustraliaDesalination and Water Security Presentation to JCEC AGM Nov 2011 Neil Palmer, CEO
  2. 2. The National Centre ofExcellence inDesalination Australia Established in 2009 $20m funding over 5 years from Federal Government’s National Urban Water and Desalination Plan Research Roadmap developed 2
  3. 3. 14 Research Partners 3
  4. 4. Funding over 5 years: Source Australian Government $20m WA Government $3m Partners $7m Sponsors $1m Murdoch University $11m Project Partners $30m TOTAL $72m 4
  5. 5. The Australian Desalination Research Roadmapdeveloped priority research themes,validated by industry Pre-treatment Reverse osmosis desalting Novel desalting Concentrate management Social, environmental and economic issues 5
  6. 6. Research Projects Funding Projects NCEDA Partners TOTAL Round Funds Cash and In Kind 1 11 $2.8m $8.1m $10.9m 2 12 $3.0m $6.9m $9.9m 3 11 $3.8m $7.6m $11.3m TOTAL 34 $9.6m $22.6m $32.1m FR 4 opening Monday! 6
  7. 7. Projects by priority research themes Pretreatment 4 6 7 RO 12 Novel 5 Concentrate Social Total 34 projects 7
  8. 8. Desal Discovery Centre 8
  9. 9. Desal Discovery Centre 9
  10. 10. Desal Discovery Centre at Chemfest 12 Nov 2011 10
  11. 11. PeopleMurdoch University ViceChancellorProfessor Richard HiggottNCEDA Chief ScientificOfficerProfessor David FurukawaNCEDA CEONeil Palmer
  12. 12. PeopleGraeme Rowley Larry Lopez Larry Lopez
  13. 13. Students
  14. 14. International collaboration
  15. 15. Pilot Scale TestFacility 15
  16. 16. Pilot Scale T Facility estMembrane distillation 16
  17. 17. Pilot Scale TestFacility Membrane distillation 17
  18. 18. Pilot Scale TestFacility Great Victoria Desert 18
  19. 19. Tjuntjuntjara
  20. 20. Tjuntjuntjara
  21. 21. What is the place of seawater desalination in Australia’snatural cycle of drought and floods? 21
  22. 22. NCEDA vision for desalination: Efficient and sustainable augmentation of traditional water sources to provide security against the natural variability of rainfall and potential future impact of climate change 22
  23. 23. The Australian Millennium drought 1997-2010 23
  24. 24. The Australian Millennium drought 1997-2010 Pejar dam, Goulburn, NSW November 2005 24
  25. 25. The AustralianMillennium drought1997-2010 25
  26. 26. The drought breaks Extensive flooding in Eastern states in January 2011 26
  27. 27. Wivenhoe Dam, Brisbane, January 2011 27
  28. 28. Water QualityPopulation Growth 28
  29. 29. NCEDA’s new vision for desalination? Efficient and sustainable augmentation of traditional water sources to provide security against:  the natural variability of rainfall potential future impact of climate change declining traditional source water quality population growth 29
  30. 30. Australian Population Density Source: ABS Statistical Local Area-based projections. Compiled by the Environmental Information Resources
  31. 31. RainfallSource: Australian Bureau of Meteorology
  32. 32. Australian rainfall changeChange in rainfall, mm/ 10 years 1900 - 2010 1970 -2010 Source: The Critical Decade Climate Change Commission May 2010 p33 32
  33. 33. Perth, Australia 33
  34. 34. Perth reservoir inflows long termStreamflows (GL/pa) 13.1 GL Page 34 Courtesy Water Corporation
  35. 35. Decline in groundwater resources 35
  36. 36. Australian Desalination Distillation in 1895, Coolgardie
  37. 37. Coolgardie, 1895: distillation Golden Pipeline
  38. 38. Major Australian desalination plants Karratha Brisbane Whyalla Gold Coast Perth Sydney Adelaide Melbourne
  39. 39. Courtesy of Water CorporationPerth 1 145 MLD
  40. 40. Gold Coast 125 MLD Courtesy of WaterSecure
  41. 41. Courtesy of Sydney WaterSydney 250 MLD
  42. 42. Adelaide 300 MLD Courtesy of SA Water Corporation
  43. 43. Courtesy of Water CorporationPerth 2 - 300 MLD
  44. 44. Melbourne 450 MLD Courtesy of Victorian Government
  45. 45. Australia’s current major desal plants PLANT MLD MGD  PSDP 145 38  Gold Coast 125 33  Sydney 1 250 66  Adelaide 300 78  SSDP 1 150 39  Cape Preston 140 47  Melbourne 1 450 118 TOTAL 1560 419 45
  46. 46. Potential future plants PLANT MLD MGD  Whyalla 280 73  SSDP2 150 39  North Brisbane 150 39  North Perth 150 39  NSW Central Coast 50 13  WA West Pilbara 30 8  WA South Downs 35 10  TOTAL 845 221 46
  47. 47. City Water Desal Desal Percent Consumption Capacity, Capacity Desal 02/03*, GL ML/D GL/ySydney 634 250 91 14%Melbourne 479 450 164 34%Brisbane SWRO 223 125 46 20%Brisbane Reuse 223 232 85 38%Brisbane Total 223 357 130 58%Perth PDSP 212 144 53 25%Perth SSDP 212 150 55 26%Perth Total 212 294 107 51%Adelaide 178 300 110 62%TOTAL 1726 1651 603 35% * WSAAfacts 03 47
  48. 48. Trad Desal700 2012 Desal Capacity600 cf 2003 (pre drought) Consumption500400300200100 0 Sydney Melbourne Brisbane Perth Adelaide Note: Brisbane desal capacity includes Western Corridor recycling 48
  49. 49. So what do we tellpeople aboutdesalination? 49
  50. 50. For an averagehousehold, if allthe water camefrom desalination,the energy used isabout the same asthat used by therefrigerator 50
  51. 51. The McMansion.Energy to desalt all the day’s water is used by the airconditioning system in less than 30 minutes 51
  52. 52. The 747 has 4 engines each24 MW and cruises at 66MW – equivalent to 3 PerthDesal Plants 52
  53. 53. Queen Mary 2• 117 MW installed power• More than enough power to make desalinated water for the whole of Perth Source: Wikipedia 2011- RMS Queen Mary 2 53
  54. 54. All energy use forthe big Australiandesal plants isoffset with windand solar energyVery low operatingcarbon footprint 54
  55. 55. SA Water price increase for desalination 08/09 09/10 10/11 11/12 08/09 08/09 11/12 11/12Residential Charge $157.30 $137.60 $142.40 $234.40 $157.30 $234.400-30 kL $1.28 $1.93 30 $57.900-120 kL $0.71 $0.97 120 $85.2030-130 kL $2.48 $2.75 100 $275.00120-520 kL $1.38 $1.88 70 $96.60>130 kL $2.98 $2.98 60 $178.80>520 kL $1.65 $2.26 190 $339.10 190 $746.10Difference between total annual water bill in 08/09 and 11/12 $407.00Weekly amount $7.80 SA Water price from SA Minister for Water Security 55
  56. 56. Affordable watersecurity 56
  57. 57. Giant Cuttlefish, SA 57
  58. 58. Cockburn Sound, WA 2.5 haPSDP Courtesy of Water Corporation
  59. 59. Concentrate return Kwinana outfall impact finding:  “The effluent from the desalination plant is so highly diluted that it does not have a measurable impact on stratification or dissolved oxygen in the deep basin (>10m) of Cockburn Sound” Centre for Water Research, Uni of WA: Summary of Investigations into the Impact of the Perth Seawater Desalination Plant Discharge on Cockburn Sound, August 2007 59
  60. 60. International Workshop on Intakes andOutfallsGWI Desal Short SchoolAdelaide, South Australia 16-18 May 2012
  61. 61. 62
  62. 62. Australia THANK YOUwww.desalination.edu.au Neil Palmer CEO

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