Jordan university of science and
classic fashion industryclassic fashion industry
Eng: Heba Al Daas
Eng: Dania Ta’ani
--Our case study was about Ergonomics in classic fashion apparelOur case study was about Ergonomics in classic fashion apparel
industry Ltd Coindustry Ltd Co..
-Workers involved in sewing activities, such as manufacturing
garments and shoes may be at risk of developing
musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). Sewing-related injuries have been
documented in the areas of sewing stations, performing fine work or
scissor work, and material handling, among others.
-Sits for long hours on uncomfortable
chair with no back support.
-bend her neck and back.
-Pulls fabric with left hand as she sews.
-Press pedal for sewing machine all
.day with bare feet
-Pressure on the back of leg.
Solution: Provide adjustable treadle
so the worker can place it in a
comfortable position and get as
close to the table as possible
Use job/task rotation through tasks
that do not require constant leg
pressure and awkward leg
Wrong work place design:
Not enough space for moving
it may injure the spine
the table doesn’t allow
enough room underneath
for the worker's to move
and Uncomfortable chair
Provide worker with
-Acute visual requirements, coupled
with intense wrist, hand, finger
movements excessive bending for
back and neck
-Insufficient lighting may cause
eye fatigue and headache.
Solution: Use adjustable task
lighting to make it easier for the
worker to see product during set
Not sufficient work place
The machine stands on workers
hollow that prevent them from
Solution :We should redesign the
work place and put the machine
in more suitable place
Over exertion repetitive motion & raising
hands over shoulder may cause
To prevent ergonomic injures workers
should be encouraged to rotate tasks
or take frequent, short breaks to
stretch and relax muscles.
Repetitive motion for very
long hours & bending wrist
may cause carpal tunnel
Bad design poor hand grip may cause:
Cuts ,strain, blisters stress on fingers
-Using good grips tools.
-Avoid using more force than the job
requires ,use partially automated tools
to reduce force and repetition of pinch
-Use job rotation through tasks that do not
require pinch grips.
Quality check point:
Require workers to stand for very long
period of time that may injure the
Blood circulation is not effective in
standing due to gravity.
Provide sit/stand workstations, which
encourage changing posture &
provide external support or
-Over exertion on arm and
shoulders it may cause fatigue.
-Bending the spinal.
-Standing for long hours.
-No space for moving his feet.
-Provide table next to him so he
wont stretch his arm
-They Should redesign the work
place to provide the worker
external support or frequent
Workers repeatedly bend at the waist
and reach into transportation
containers to load fabric, causing
stress on the back and arms
solutions: Use height-adjustable
carts to reduce the need to bend
or reach into the carts or provide
her with good chair.
-awkward postures, Repeated torso
twisting while lifting which may
result in back and shoulder
-Lifting objects with arms fully
extended or lifting from floor level
or above shoulder level.
-Design stations to allow most lifts at
-Use mechanical lifts, ceiling
tracks or carts to transport the
fabric to reduce the risk of injury
to the workers.
-Ladder not safe with no breaks so
the worker may fall down.
-The ladder is not tall enough so the
worker will exert his arm to putt
the heavy Rolls on the high
-over exertion on arm & stress on
-The worker is climbing on the
shelves to load the stock
garments its dangerous & he
may falls and may break
Solutions: provide the workers
with a suitable ladder.
Bad ventilation & hot place
they should isolate the ironing section
because it affect the other sector
bending and stress on shoulder
1-Because a garment factory uses
many heated processes, it is
important for workers to avoid
heat stress by drinking plenty of
water during their shift
2-Water coolers are very far from
work space just one source for
water not so clean not provided
Solution: Proper ventilation can
help to reduce ambient
temperatures and ensure
worker comfort Drinking
water by providing them with
several water coolers
-poor lighting at work can
lead to: eye strain, fatigue
headaches, stress and
On the other hand, too much
light can also cause health
and safety problems such as
“glare” headaches and stress.
Both can lead to mistakes at
work, poor quality and low
Solution: Good lighting and
avoid in terms of improved
productivity, and a reduction in
Too much worker with so many
There is a role in the factory that
force worker to clean the work
place around them and its an
attempt to maintain workplace
Baring feet Lake of cleaning tools
Bending & flexion harmful dust.
solution: must provide enough
cleaning tools provide face
Un healthy work environment
that may pollute the place
and affect the worker
-Storing stuff in wrong
place may disable the
workers movement and
may cause injuries