SAGE Energy solutions
May 21, 2013
Fuel Cell Challenge

Fuel Flexible
Portable Reformer for LPG Fuel Cells
M. Kai Mayeda, ...
Fuel Cell Challenge

May 21, 2013

SAGE Energy solutions

Team
•
•
•

•

20+ years catalysis research
High throughput cata...
May 21, 2013

SAGE Energy solutions

UAV Market

$9B/yr spent on batterypowered drones in the US

Fuel Cell Challenge

Tea...
Fuel Cell Challenge

May 21, 2013

SAGE Energy solutions

Fuel Cell Power






Stalker
Payload: 3 lb
Flight Time: 2+...
Fuel Cell Challenge

May 21, 2013

SAGE Energy solutions

What is the problem?
•

No LPG supply chain

•

JP-8 is the NATO...
Fuel Cell Challenge
May 21, 2013

SAGE Energy solutions
Fuel Cell Challenge

May 21, 2013

SAGE Energy solutions

Pre-Fuel Cell Challenge

Carrier gas

Gas product 0.3 gLPG/hr
Fuel Cell Challenge

WHSV (h-1)

10

20

40

80

Catalyst – JP8 flow

1.5g – 0.31ml/min

0.75g – 0.31ml/min

0.37g – 0.31m...
kg C2-C4 out / kg JP-8 in

15%

w/helium

Minimal carrier gas influence

10%

w/o helium
5%

0%
0
kg C2-C4 out / kg JP-8 i...
SAGE Energy solutions

Post-Fuel Cell Challenge

Carrier gas

Fuel Cell Challenge

May 21, 2013

Peltier cooler
JP-8 recyc...
SAGE Energy solutions

Portable Reformer

0.3 gLPG/hr

Fuel Cell Challenge

May 21, 2013

Buy Sma
do
Visit www.sm

18 gLPG...
Diesel
or
Kerosene

• Silent power
generation
• High fuel
efficiency

Fuel Cell Challenge

May 21, 2013

SAGE Energy solut...
Fuel Cell Challenge
May 21, 2013

SAGE Energy solutions

Business Plan: Near Term
TM

sageenergy.biz
Fuel Cell Challenge

May 21, 2013

SAGE Energy solutions

Business Plan: Long term
•

Defense contractors as collaborators...





0.3 to 18 gLPG/hr
Simplify system design
15% to 40% conversion
Alpha prototype construction
 Peltier cooler
 St...
Fuel Cell Challenge
May 21, 2013

SAGE Energy solutions

Acknowledgements
Fuel Cell Challenge
May 21, 2013

SAGE Energy solutions

END
Fuel Cell Challenge
May 21, 2013

Supporting Slides

SAGE Energy solutions
Fuel Cell Challenge

May 21, 2013

SAGE Energy solutions

Potential Market
•
•

$2.1B/yr spent on power sources (mainly ba...
Fuel Cell Challenge

May 21, 2013

SAGE Energy solutions

Market Strategy: Sales
Projected revenue
•

•

Unit sales
•
•

P...
Fuel Cell Challenge

May 21, 2013

SAGE Energy solutions

Market Pains
What’s wrong with batteries?
• 0.1-0.3 kJ/cm3 energ...
Fuel Cell Challenge

May 21, 2013

SAGE Energy solutions

Representative competitor
 Precision Combustion, Inc.




...
May 21, 2013

SAGE Energy solutions

Applications
LPG SOFC Stalker XE

Large market size:
Liquid
Fuel

M1 tanks

LPG

Fuel...
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SAGE Enterprises Fuel Cell Challenge V Presentation

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  • http://www.af.mil/information/factsheets/factsheet.asp?fsID=10468 (scan eagle)http://www.marketresearchmedia.com/?p=509“Teal Group Predicts Worldwide UAV Market Will Total $89 Billion in Its 2012 UAV Market Profile and Forecast” Teal Group Corporation, 2012 Available at http://tealgroup.com/index.php/about-teal/teal-group-in-the-media/3/79-teal-group-predicts-worldwide-uav-market-will-total-89-billion-in-its-2012-uav-market-profile-and-forecast, accessed 09 October 2012.
  • Slient watch missions and low fuel efficiency are related with M1 tanks and Humvees
  • Mention not needing additional chemicals
  • 60x increase in LPG production rate. 300 g/hr for 1 kW
  • Erwin, S.I.; “Army, Marines Face Uphill Battle To Lighten Troops’ Battery Load” National Defense Industrial Association, 2011.“Teal Group Predicts Worldwide UAV Market Will Total $89 Billion in Its 2012 UAV Market Profile and Forecast” Teal Group Corporation, 2012 Available at http://tealgroup.com/index.php/about-teal/teal-group-in-the-media/3/79-teal-group-predicts-worldwide-uav-market-will-total-89-billion-in-its-2012-uav-market-profile-and-forecast, accessed 09 October 2012.“Mapping Drone Proliferation: UAVs in 76 Countries”, Global Research, 2012. Available at http://www.globalresearch.ca/mapping-drone-proliferation-uavs-in-76-countries/, accessed 09 October 2012.http://www.acq.osd.mil/osbp/sbir/solicitations/sbir20131/army131.htm“Opening the Door to Cleaner Vehicles in Developing and Transition Countries: The Role of Low Sulphur Fuels”, Partnership for Clean Fuels and Vehicles & United Nations Environment Programme, (2006).
  • Market pain can be mentioned in application slide
  • Couger- bomb detection unit
  • SAGE Enterprises Fuel Cell Challenge V Presentation

    1. 1. SAGE Energy solutions May 21, 2013 Fuel Cell Challenge Fuel Flexible Portable Reformer for LPG Fuel Cells M. Kai Mayeda, Sungtak Kim, Erdem Sasmaz, Jochen Lauterbach University of South Carolina Smartstate Center for Strategic Approaches to the Generation of Electricity May 2013
    2. 2. Fuel Cell Challenge May 21, 2013 SAGE Energy solutions Team • • • • 20+ years catalysis research High throughput catalyst exploration, discovery, and design System optimization and prototype development Production scale up
    3. 3. May 21, 2013 SAGE Energy solutions UAV Market $9B/yr spent on batterypowered drones in the US Fuel Cell Challenge Teal Group Corporation, 2012 http://www.marketresearchmedia.com/
    4. 4. Fuel Cell Challenge May 21, 2013 SAGE Energy solutions Fuel Cell Power      Stalker Payload: 3 lb Flight Time: 2+ hrs Altitude: up to 15,000 ft Propulsion: electric/battery      Stalker eXtended Endurance (Stalker XE) Payload: 2 lb Flight Time: 8+ hrs Altitude: up to 15,000 ft Propulsion: electric/fuel cell
    5. 5. Fuel Cell Challenge May 21, 2013 SAGE Energy solutions What is the problem? • No LPG supply chain • JP-8 is the NATO fuel of choice • Reformer cannot use water, hydrogen, electricity, or any additional chemicals • Compact (dorm-room sized refrigerator) • No desulfurization (up to 3000 ppm) • 5 wt% minimum conversion
    6. 6. Fuel Cell Challenge May 21, 2013 SAGE Energy solutions
    7. 7. Fuel Cell Challenge May 21, 2013 SAGE Energy solutions Pre-Fuel Cell Challenge Carrier gas Gas product 0.3 gLPG/hr
    8. 8. Fuel Cell Challenge WHSV (h-1) 10 20 40 80 Catalyst – JP8 flow 1.5g – 0.31ml/min 0.75g – 0.31ml/min 0.37g – 0.31ml/min 0.185g – 0.31mi/min • • • 25% kg C2-C4 out / kg JP-8 in (%) May 21, 2013 SAGE Energy solutions Space Velocity testing Reaction T: 450oC Catalyst: Pt-Gd/ZSM-5 No Carrier gas 20% 15% WHSV=10 WHSV=20 10% WHSV=40 5% WHSV=80 0% 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Time on Stream (hr)  Product yield increased and catalyst deactivation rate decreased with decreasing WHSV
    9. 9. kg C2-C4 out / kg JP-8 in 15% w/helium Minimal carrier gas influence 10% w/o helium 5% 0% 0 kg C2-C4 out / kg JP-8 in Fuel Cell Challenge May 21, 2013 SAGE Energy solutions Simplify and Recycle 1 2 3 45% 4 5 6 7 Time on Stream (hr) 8 9 10 Average LPG yield for 7h Average LPG production rate (g/hr) JP-8 recycling 34.5% (±1.7) 2.4 JP-8 14.2% (±0.7) 2.0 40% 35% recycle 30% 25% 20% 15% single pass 10% 5% 0% 0 1 2 3 4 5 Time on Stream (hr) 6 7
    10. 10. SAGE Energy solutions Post-Fuel Cell Challenge Carrier gas Fuel Cell Challenge May 21, 2013 Peltier cooler JP-8 recycle Gas product, 18 gLPG/hr 60x increase!
    11. 11. SAGE Energy solutions Portable Reformer 0.3 gLPG/hr Fuel Cell Challenge May 21, 2013 Buy Sma do Visit www.sm 18 gLPG/hr
    12. 12. Diesel or Kerosene • Silent power generation • High fuel efficiency Fuel Cell Challenge May 21, 2013 SAGE Energy solutions Expanding our Market • 1 kW ~ 0.3 gal/hr • Fuel flexibility Buy SmartDraw!- purchased copies print this document without a watermark . Visit www.smartdraw.com or call 1-800-768-3729.
    13. 13. Fuel Cell Challenge May 21, 2013 SAGE Energy solutions Business Plan: Near Term TM sageenergy.biz
    14. 14. Fuel Cell Challenge May 21, 2013 SAGE Energy solutions Business Plan: Long term • Defense contractors as collaborators/partners • • • Full demonstrations for 3rd party investment Customer-driven prototype design Additional funding and guidance
    15. 15.     0.3 to 18 gLPG/hr Simplify system design 15% to 40% conversion Alpha prototype construction  Peltier cooler  Stepper motors  Tube furnace  No carrier gas Fuel Cell Challenge May 21, 2013 SAGE Energy solutions Milestones Alpha Prototype • Construction and testing • Define customer needs System Design • Catalyst screening • Process optimization • Scale-up Production Marketing • Meet with Customers Funding • Define the exit • SBIR/STTR strategy • Venture capitalist • SC Launch     Established LLC Written business plan Developed website Identified potential investors
    16. 16. Fuel Cell Challenge May 21, 2013 SAGE Energy solutions Acknowledgements
    17. 17. Fuel Cell Challenge May 21, 2013 SAGE Energy solutions END
    18. 18. Fuel Cell Challenge May 21, 2013 Supporting Slides SAGE Energy solutions
    19. 19. Fuel Cell Challenge May 21, 2013 SAGE Energy solutions Potential Market • • $2.1B/yr spent on power sources (mainly batteries)1 $9B/yr spent on battery-powered drones in the US2 • • • 2005-2010: US approved $380M of drone exports Canada & Australia to spend $1B and $3B per annum3 Sulfurized fuel for cooking • • Military: expensive to make specialized jet fuel burners SBIR solicitation A13-045, February 20134 Developing countries use dirty fuels for cooking:5 703 TWh of energy used from oil 75% of non-OECD residents burn dirty biowaste or charcoal
    20. 20. Fuel Cell Challenge May 21, 2013 SAGE Energy solutions Market Strategy: Sales Projected revenue • • Unit sales • • Production - $10,000/unit Sale $40,000/unit Estimated to sell hundreds of units per year $ 10 M $8M $6M $4M $2M $0 FY 2013 FY 2014 FY 2015 Annual service contracts • • • Technical servicing Catalyst replacement Profits in excess of $5M
    21. 21. Fuel Cell Challenge May 21, 2013 SAGE Energy solutions Market Pains What’s wrong with batteries? • 0.1-0.3 kJ/cm3 energy density (LPG = 26 kJ/cm3) • 1-5 hrs recharge • Sulfurized fuel cooking consequences • respiratory problems and asthma • acidification of local environments • Absent infrastructure • costly or inconsistent supply • enormous capital costs to build •
    22. 22. Fuel Cell Challenge May 21, 2013 SAGE Energy solutions Representative competitor  Precision Combustion, Inc.      Autothermal reforming Partial oxidation Catalytic cracking All require additional chemical inputs All produce H2 (0.008 kJ/cm3, 1 atm)  Industrial refinery and LPG extraction Cheap and efficient, but immobile
    23. 23. May 21, 2013 SAGE Energy solutions Applications LPG SOFC Stalker XE Large market size: Liquid Fuel M1 tanks LPG Fuel Cell Challenge Cougar Humvee • Military operations • Small drones • Cooking Appliances • Portable energy • Portable power • Sea expeditions • RVs

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