Foss For Media Makers


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A presentation briefly outlining the historical and political basis for free and open source software, and listing FOSS projects including the video-sharing web app Plumi and the EngageMedia website that runs upon it. This presentation is not self-contained, it requires going through the applications externally in a training session.

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Foss For Media Makers

  1. 1. FOSS for Media Makers Anna Helme
  2. 2. <ul><li>social justice and environmental video online </li></ul>
  3. 3. Front Page
  4. 4. EngageMedia Aims <ul><li>Content </li></ul><ul><li>Network </li></ul><ul><li>Training </li></ul><ul><li>Software </li></ul>
  5. 5. FOSS for Media Makers <ul><li>What is FOSS? </li></ul><ul><li>Free (Libre) Open Source Software </li></ul>
  6. 7. proprietary vs. free software <ul><li>Free software: </li></ul><ul><li>community benefit motive </li></ul><ul><li>open source </li></ul><ul><li>can modify </li></ul><ul><li>can redistribute </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Proprietary software: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>commercial benefit motive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>closed source </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>can't modify </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>can't redistribute </li></ul></ul>
  7. 8. Free Software <ul><ul><li>“free” - ambiguous “ libre ” (as in FREE SPEECH) not “gratis” (as in FREE BEER) </li></ul></ul>
  8. 9. You can charge money for free software, that isn't what “free” refers to. But in practice, much free software is free as in beer, also.
  9. 10. Free Software <ul><li>“free software” coined by Richard Stallman (GNU / free software movement), 1983 </li></ul>
  10. 11. Freedom to: <ul><li>run the program, for any purpose </li></ul><ul><li>study how the program works, and adapt it to your needs (access to the source code) </li></ul><ul><li>redistribute copies so you can help your neighbor </li></ul><ul><li>improve the program, and release your improvements to the public, so that the whole community benefits </li></ul>
  11. 12. Join us now and share the software; You'll be free, hackers, you'll be free. x2 Hoarders may get piles of money, That is true, hackers, that is true. But they cannot help their neighbors; That's not good, hackers, that's not good. When we have enough free software At our call, hackers, at our call, We'll throw out those dirty licenses Ever more, hackers, ever more. Join us now and share the software; You'll be free, hackers, you'll be free. x2 Cover of “ The Free Software Song” (Richard Stallman) by the GNU Stallmans from the film “Revolution OS” about the history of the Linux OS
  12. 13. free software vs. open source <ul><li>Free software: </li></ul><ul><li>ethical motive </li></ul><ul><li>Free Software Foundation </li></ul><ul><li>social movement </li></ul><ul><li>radical roots / idealist </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Open source software: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>practical motive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Open Source Initiative </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>development methodology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ business-friendly” </li></ul></ul>
  13. 14. FOSS Licenses Examples GNU General Public License (GPL) BSD-style licenses Mozilla Public License (MPL)
  14. 15. but... they are essentially very similar in practice. therefore: F.O.S.S. Free and Open Source Software
  15. 16. How do FOSS projects work? <ul><li>Project page </li></ul><ul><li>Code repository </li></ul><ul><li>Development tracker </li></ul><ul><li>Demo (if applicable) </li></ul>
  16. 17. Debian Devil Linux Gentoo Red Hat Smooth Wall Suse FOSS Operating Systems - Linux etc.
  17. 20. watch 10 minutes of “Revolution OS”
  18. 21. FOSS Web Applications <ul><li>MediaWiki - wiki </li></ul><ul><li>Wordpress - blog </li></ul><ul><li>Drupal - CMS </li></ul><ul><li>Plone - CMS </li></ul>
  19. 22. break?
  20. 23. FOSS for Media Makers <ul><li>Pre-production </li></ul><ul><li>Production </li></ul><ul><li>Post-production </li></ul><ul><li>Distribution </li></ul>
  21. 24. Pre-Production <ul><li>Neo Office – documents, presentations, spreadsheets, databases – Mac </li></ul><ul><li>Firefox – web browser - X-platform </li></ul><ul><li>Thunderbird – email client - X-platform </li></ul>
  22. 25. Production GIMP – image editor - X-platform Audacity – sound editor - X-platform Hyper Engine AV – video editor - Mac
  23. 26. Other Production Cinelerra – Linux video editor Kino – Linux video editor Blender – Linux Animation Visual Effects
  24. 27. Post-production ffmpegX – video transcoder - Mac Sizzle DVD – DVD authoring - Mac Burn – DVD/VCD burning - Mac
  25. 28. Other Post-production Simple Theora Encoder – Ogg Encoder - Mac Media Coder - Video Encoder – PC avidemux - Video Encoder - Linux
  26. 29. Distribution EngageMedia Azureus Indytorrents EngageMedia Azureus Indytorrents Miro (Democracy) VLC Handbrake
  27. 30. Plumi - Video Sharing Web App
  28. 31. FOSS Multimedia Compilations AV NGO in a box Dynebolic
  29. 32. General FOSS Compilations The Open CD NGO in a box Base Box
  30. 33. FLOSS Manuals
  31. 34. Front Page
  32. 35. <ul><li>Advertising revenue - shareholders </li></ul><ul><li>Streaming - no re-distribution </li></ul><ul><li>YouTube license - for their re-use </li></ul><ul><li>Closed software platform </li></ul><ul><li>Sold to Google - Google ads </li></ul><ul><li>Donations revenue - producers </li></ul><ul><li>Download for re-distribution </li></ul><ul><li>Creative Commons - producer choice </li></ul><ul><li>Free software platform </li></ul><ul><li>No sale, community management </li></ul>
  33. 36. Login
  34. 37. Use Case: <ul><li>Video Maker </li></ul>
  35. 38. Profile
  36. 40. Publish 1
  37. 41. Publish 2
  38. 42. Publish 3
  39. 43. Video View
  40. 44. <ul><li>open content licensing system </li></ul><ul><li>alternative to restrictive copyright </li></ul><ul><li>“ some rights reserved” NOT all rights reserved </li></ul><ul><li>flexible system to allow choice of licenses </li></ul>
  41. 45. <ul><li>Attribution - if they give you credit </li></ul><ul><li>Noncommercial - for noncommercial purposes. </li></ul><ul><li>No Derivative Works - verbatim copies of your work, not derivative works based upon it. </li></ul><ul><li>Share Alike - derivative works only under a license identical to the license that governs your work. </li></ul>You let others copy, distribute and transmit your copyrighted work ONLY:
  42. 46. Use Case: <ul><li>Educator / Campaigner / Re-distributor </li></ul>
  43. 47. Video View
  44. 49. Browse Topics
  45. 50. Browse Genres
  46. 51. Browse Countries
  47. 52. Browse Experimental
  48. 53. Browse Climate Change
  49. 54. Browse Documentary
  50. 56. Democracy Player
  51. 58. <ul><li>social justice and environmental video online </li></ul>