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THE PROJECT


          LNC
      SOLID WASTE
      MANAGEMENT
         (SWM)

An innovated program to facilitate and
 speed up implementation of R.A.9003
SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM


A.GENERAL INTRODUCTION

      The proposal is primarily focused on a request for funding of a prototype model
which includes the manufacturing of :

A. For biodegradable waste

      1. Rapid Composting Unit

B. For non-bio waste

      1. Manual and Mechanical Segregator System



      THE SYSTEM

       The PROJECT is a Solid Waste Management System designed to be used on a
city or municipality with an average population of 20 thousand household that
normally generates an average of 120 tons of garbage per day, processing 60tons/day
of Non-Biodegradable waste and 60 tons/day of Biodegradable waste.

      The system to be more effective requires initial segregation of 2 kinds of waste
inside the household, namely NABUBULOK or BIODEGRADABLE and DI-
NABUBULOK or NON- BIODEGRADABLE.



                                      PLANT NO.1

                       RAPID COMPOSTING SYSTEM (RCS)
                  With Manual and Mechanical Separator System
                      (For Biodegradable or Nabubulok waste)

The system is composed of two units : Rapid Composting Unit (RCS) and the Manual
and Mechanical Segregator both supported by conveyors and sub-conveyors.

This equipment basically converts biodegradable waste into powdered raw organic
Fertilizer in five (5) minutes and into a complete high quality organic fertilizer in only
5 days after putting them into polytwine bags and storing them in the bodega for 5
days composting period instead of the usual 45 days.

The quality of organic fertilizer that is produced is very high quality, since the compost
is well grounded and treated by bio-6 enzyme (lactobacilli), carbon activator, cocopeat
and natural fresh water origin zeolyte.
The Fertilizer is also free from toxic elements since before processing the plastic,
metals, bottles and other big materials in the biodegradable to the plant are removed
by the Manual and Mechanical Segregator System.

The system other than achieving it’s major objective of eliminating Pollution and
Dumpsite also will help the Government in terms of food production, health and
economy.


HOW THE RCS SYSTEM WORKS

As the Biodegradable waste arrives in the RCP plant, the plastic bag containing the
segregated waste is dropped into the Intake Conveyor and conveyed to the Manual and
Mechanical Segregator System. Since they are toxic to plants and need to be removed
in the fertilizer making process, the fresh biodegradable is transferred by a screw
conveyor to the rapid composting unit.

RAPID COMPOSTING UNIT (RCU)

The RCU is a machine on a sealed 20 footer container van which accepts the fresh
biodegradable from the MMSS. The biodegradable material is grinded , sprayed with
Bio-5 Enzyme to remove toxic and bad odor, then blended with carbon activator,
microbes and cocopeat to hasten the composting process from 45 days to only 5 days,
then squeezed to remove the leachate and what is left in the output after 5 minutes is
powered raw organic fertilizer with 30% moisture content to allow the bacteria to grow
for the next 5 days.

LEACHATE

The Leachate is collected and either returned to the mixing process or used as liquid
fertilizer.


DIATOMACIOUS FRESH WATER ORIGIN ZEOLYTE

The Raw organic material output is further mixed with Zeolyte to create a very high
quality of organic fertilizer. Zeolyte are concentrated nutrients and minerals, comes in
white powdered form, 100 million years old and are very abundant in the Philippines.
One of our partners own a zeolyte mines in the province of Rizal.

FIVE (5) DAYS COMPOSTING

This Raw organic fertilizer output is either put on a composting bin or just kept on a
Poly-twine bag and stored in the bodega for 5 days composting.

After five (5) days the raw organic fertilizer is now a complete organic fertilizer and is
ready for use or sold to the farmers in the amount of P250/bag of 25 kilos. This
Organic Fertilizer has a much higher quality compared to the destructive NPK or
Chemical Fertilizer that sells at P500 per 25 kilos and are the ones being used in our
farms nationwide. Test shows that the use of the compost with Zeolyte doubles and
sometimes triple the yield of rice, corn and sugar and other crops.


   HOW THE MMSS SYSTEM WORKS

As the segregated waste on a sacks or plastic bags arrives at the Plant, the bags are
opened by 2 workers and are poured to the Intake Conveyor while the empty bags or
sacks are collected for possible reuse.

Automatic Enzyme Sprayer automatically is activated above the intake conveyor to
arrest possible bad odor (if there’s any)

The Non-Bio waste are conveyed to the specific destination thru a sub-conveyor.

At least 4 workers can segregate efficiently and transfer the specific waste on the seven
(7) branch conveyors which convey the specific material to their specific assigned
bodegas at the end of each branch conveyor.

The workers can be increased when the volume of waste is heavy.

After each deliveries and segregation processes, when not busy, the workers can go to
the specific bodegas to further separate and arrange the material in accordance with
their kind, model, size, etc.

The segregated material are now ready for pick up by junkshop buyers or delivered to
recycling plants.


   TO EFFECTIVELY MAXIMIZE THE USE OF THE TWO PLANTS THE
   FOLLOWING INITIAL PREPARATIONS ARE NECESSARY.

             A. HOUSEHOLD DISCIPLINE

PROVIDE TWO WASTE BINS TO EACH HOUSEHOLD

Two (2) waste bins measuring approximately 14” x 12” with colors, label with sample
plastic bags are distributed preferably free to participating household in the
Baranggay to encourage strict segregation of waste inside the house ( Nabubulok and
Di-Nabubulok )


PENALTY

GVT ( Garbage Violation Ticket ) shall be issued to violators of the procedure and they
have to be paid out rightly to the Baranggay or any Bank in the vicinity or it will
accumulate interest and will result to their imprisonment if they do not pay.
HOUSEHOLD INCENTIVE

On the other hand, the Brgy. Gives COUPON to the Household who brought out well
segregated waste in plastic bag. The Coupon when accumulated can be exchanged
with grocery items at the Baranggay hall as incentive or be exchanged with empty
Plastic bags.

B. PROMPT BARANGGAY HAULING OF GARBAGE

Barangay hauler pickup the plastic bags containing the segregated waste promptly on
schedule, for Example:

             NABUBULOK          -      MWF          9-10 AM
             DI-NABUBULOK       -      TTHS         9-10 AM

Random inspection shall be done by the Barangay on the waste brought out by the
household and is needed during the 1st month of operation to show to the Households
that the Barangay is serious on the Program. A Committee to implement and monitor
the Program shall be created for the purpose.

DELIVERY OF GARBAGE TO PROCESSING PLANTS

The specific waste hauled from the households are delivered by the Brgy. Haulers to
the following Plants:

1. NABUBULOK to be brought to the RAPID COMPOSTING PLANT ( RCS)

2. DI-NABUBULOK is conveyed to specific area for specific recyclable, thru a
sun-conveyor attached to manual and mechanical segregator system.

Barangay Haulers bring with them extra plastic bags to insert torn ones and enzyme
sprayer to arrest bad odor of some waste spillage during the travel.

Instantaneously, Junkshop buyers can come and buy the materials, or the Plant can
maintain a 10 wheeler truck to deliver the material to recycling plant.

Residual material are grinded by an available SHREDDING MACHINE and the output
is mixed with sand and cement and converted into HALLOW BLOCKS.

A compactor is also available to press the cans in order to keep its volume small for
delivery convenience.

The system can handle 15 trucks on non-bio waste per day. The plant can earn at
least (conservative computation ) P4,000 / truck or P60,000. / day from the sale of
this recyclable materials.
The earnings can easily provide incentive of P1000./truck and grocery COUPON for
the households and cover the investment in a year time.

It is recommended , to be assured of the effectiveness, viability, economy and
productivity of the Project, a prototype model system for a Barangay be implemented
and evaluated.

The two major parts of the project – Rapid Composting System and Manual &
Mechanical Segregator System (RCS and MMSS) will be on a Material Balance Scheme
to attain an unobstructed flow.

             C. MARKET

There is a big demand for good organic fertilizers. One of them is San Miguel
Corporation who recently has committed to buy all the produce of Bondoc Peninsula.
The only problem is there is no enough organic fertilizer available.

There is also a demand for recyclable materials to lessen our importation of plastic
and other materials and help improve our economy.


      D. INVESTMENT

Equipment investment for the two systems ;

RCS/MMSS PLANT for BIODEGRADABLE MATERIALS

And NON-BIODEGRADABLE MATERIALS

The lot shall be provided by the Local Government.

A private investor can also participate on BOT Scheme getting the income from the
sale of the fertilizer and recyclable materials.




BENEFITS AND ADVANTAGES OF THE PROPOSAL ON THE FOLLOWING:



1. ENVIRONMENT

      Prevents pollution through the elimination or reduction of Dumpsite
      a. The biodegradable waste instead of going to dumpsite will now go to the
rapid composting plant, thus preventing the pollution of our environment caused by
the emission of methane gas coming from the dumpsite.
2. AGRICULTURE

      a. Because of the volume of high quality organic fertilizer that can be produced
from the household biodegradable waste, we can sufficiently supply the requirement of
our country of organic fertilizer and in turn double or triple our food production and
eventually make our country an exporter of rice, corn, and sugar again.

       b. A big help to our farmers, the fertilizer can be sold at P150.00 per 25kilos
bag, compared to the destructive NPK/UREA or chemical fertilizer that costs the
farmers P500./25kilos bag. The farmers can now have better income from the produce
as they would save substantially on the cost of fertilizer.

       c. Tests show that the organic fertilizer produced by the process increases the
yields of crops by at least 2 times. Again a big help to the income of our farmers.


3. ECONOMY

      a. The local government unit will now save on hauling cost for at least 60%
since the truck haulers will now go to the nearby SWM Plant, instead of the far
dumpsite, which normally cost the P5,000. Per delivery truck including the
P1,000./truck tipping fee.

      b. For 20 thousand household, the LGU will save at least P1.35M /month

4. HEALTH

        a. Prevents occurrence of sickness brought about by the use of Chemical
Fertilizer such as : Hypertension, heart disease , arthritis, diabetes and others.


ADDITIONAL INFORMATION:


                         MATERIAL
                     RECOVERY FACILITY
                          ( MRF)
PROCESS
                           AND
                          SYSTEM
            Establishment of Material Recovery Facility ( MRF)
                           Process and System


I.       Introduction

         In our continuous search for a lasting solution to the garbage problem,
      various technologies are being developed or introduced in our country. The full
      implementation of Republic Act 9003, otherwise known as the Ecological Solid
      Waste Management Act of 2000, fuel the search for the cheap but efficient
      system/process that can be put up in the Material Recovery Facility (MRF)
      established by the local Government Unit ( LGU) or by the interested private
      operator in the country.

             The installed system will address the needs of established MRF to
      process collected garbage by segregating inorganic waste and processing bio-
      waste into an environment friendly fertilizer in a very short time. Roughly 24
      hours.

              The machine and system developed by Filipino Inventor Dr. Luis N.
      Cervantes has (5) major components or generating scheme designed to handle
      expected volume of garbage generated by the host city or municipality in the
      eight ( 8) hours operation.


II.      Description of the Five (5) Major Components

         A. Component I - Deodorization & Sanitation of Garbage at Source

                   The collection of garbage at source and transporting it to the
            destined site is always a problem to people living along route. To deter
            objections and prevent danger to the health of the people living in the
            community, the garbage truck is sprayed with deodorizer/sanitizer
            before living the area. The sprayed deodorizer is biological and contains
            beneficial microbes. The crew of the dump truck in its daily collection
            routine will conduct this operation.
B. Component 2 – Segregation of Garbage Waste

          Reduction of the garbage waste is the purpose of this component.
   Raw garbage is composed of 70-75% recyclables and 25-30% bio-waste.
   Inert materials account to about 1-2% of the solid waste composition.

   The process of segregation is done as follows:
   1. Holding bin received garbage from truck;
   2. Flat bed conveyor slowly conveys the garbage to the place receptacle
      of the power grinder machine. While moving slowly, segregators
      separate recyclables assigned to each of them respectively and place
      them in special boxes for papers, glass, metals, plastic, cardboard
      and others. The flat bed conveyor is also provided with magnet or
      metal separators to screen metals before reaching the power grinder.
      Selected recyclables goes storage area through a conveyor and packed
      for disposal to junk market outlets.

C. Component 3 – Grinding and Squeezing of Bio-waste

           Segregated bio-waste goes to the power grinder machine through
   an uptake screw conveyor. Attached to the conveyor are the special
   gadgets designed for specific purpose. The first gadget holds the bio-
   inoculants that sprinkle the waste materials as it drops to the power
   grinder. The second gadget, holds the solid activator and nutrient rich
   additives is mix with the waste material as it goes to power grinder where
   it is mechanically reduced granules. Granulated bio-waste goes to
   squeezer/hydrator machine through a screw conveyor where the
   moisture content of the material is reduced to 35% moisture content. A
   separate receptacle collects the squeezed liquid. This can be used as
   fertilizer for grass and lawn greening project.

D. Component 4 - The Maturation and Curing Stage

          The processed fertilizer goes to the composition bin via an uptake
   screw conveyor. The composting bin rotates at the rate of 15RPM.
   Maturation is completed after 24hours, harvested and packed daily in a
   25 kilos poly bag with moisture content of 28-30%.

E. Component 5 – Utilization and Application of Organic Fertilizer

         Organic fertilizer produced by the MRF shall be utilized as
   substrate place in discarded or used poly bag. The substrate is enriched
   with coco coir dust at the ratio of 50% organic fertilizer, 20% coir dust
   and 30% garden soil.
Target areas for Ube or Yam production in poly bag are islands of big
         streets and avenues in the municipality.

                Expected number of Ube planted in sack throughout the
         municipality shall be 50,000 Ube plants in 8 months production cycle or
         250,000 Ube crop in 5 years period. The volume of plants maybe
         increased if housewives in the area / municipality may adopt the
         technology on Ube production at their homes and vacant spaces. This
         will revolutionize the processing of Ube into powdered product for the
         export market and moreover create ready market for the organic fertilizer
         produced by MRF in the metropolis.

III.   The Bio-inoculant

                The heart of the technology that runs MRF is the installed
         Mechanical System and Process, but without the beneficial microbes that
         serve as inoculants in enhancing the rapid digestion process, the fast
         method of producing organic fertilizer would not be possible. This
         replaces the old-time-consuming process windows turning large volume
         of garbage compost piles, which uses up wide composting area for a
         larger curing period.

                Until recently, the production of organic fertilizer needed
         enormous effort of upsetting the organic material many times because
         the microorganism used composting was almost aerobic. At a glance they
         may be safe, but during the maturing process, useful content volatized
         with the gas which are useful content in a natural processing.

                Because of the lack of labor and time, the organic materials are
         out back into the soil, but which will require much oxygen in order to
         make this anaerobic. As a result, humus production stops and rotting
         fungi begin to prosper. This is the natural decomposition process.

                 In this new technology, digestion of inorganic waste into fertilizer
         is easily achieved with the little loss, by transforming organic materials
         into Nitrogen, phosphate, Potassium and other content.

                The technology controls moisture content of the materials at 35%.
         This is the moisture level loved by useful microbes for rapid composting.
IV.   The Additives

      To add bulk and quality to the organic fertilizer product, the following
      additives are added to the raw garbage material :

              1. Coconut Coir Dust – this is a soil conditioner with growth
                   hormone. It can absorb moisture up to 90% providing the
                   natural irrigation system needed by the plants for growth and
                   development. Coir dust maintains the organic fertilizer at 28-
                   30% and helps preserve its weight. The quality of coir dust
                   added to the material is 20%.

              2. The Solid Activator – this enhances the digestion and
                   composting of raw materials into organic fertilizer. The beneficial
                   microbes impregnated to the pre-mixed materials is responsible
                   for rapid digestion of type fed material. 25 kilos of solid activator
                   is needed to process one ten * of garbage.

V.    The Machine Capacity

                An MRF can install several units of this machine depending upon
         the volume of waste generated by the City. For the purposes of this
         study, one complete set of MRF machine will be discussed. Per hour, the
         machine can process 2.5 tons of raw garbage or 20tons in 8 hours
         operation. Roughly, then total volume of garbage processed including
         recyclables is 60tons.

         The whole machine set up comprises the following:
               a. holding bins – 2units
               b. Flat bed conveyor -1 unit
               c. Power grinder – 1unit
               d. Uptake screw conveyor – 3 units
               e. Squeezer / dehydrator – 3units
               f. Composting and maturing bin – 6 units
               g. Sets of tools and accessories
               h. Peripheral equipment

VI.   MRF Utilities and Other facilities

              1.   3 phase electrical load
              2.   Water system
              3.   MRF Building ( processing, bodega, office)
              4.   Fencing Facilities
              5.   Maintenance pool and guard house
              6.   Others
VII.      MARKETING

         Sales from MRF Operation include the following:
                  1. Recyclables
                  2. Organic Fertilizer
                      a. Market on recyclables is junk dealers inn the nearby areas
                         / municipalities and other recycling establishment in
                         Metropolis
                      b. Market for Organic fertilizer is the Ube ( Yam) projects and
                         City’s Green Industry
                         ( horticulture)

VIII.     PERSONNEL

        Trained personnel will be employed to do the task during segregation stage,
        processing stage, and the finishing activities.

        Breakdown of MRF personnel for one whole set of MRF machines and
        systems are:
         1. Segregation – 6 personnel
         2. Machine operators – 14 workers/helpers
         3. Center Manager – 1
         4. Supervisor -1
         5. Encoders -2
         6. Secretary - 1

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Solid Waste Management for Philippine Cities and Municipalities

  • 1. THE PROJECT LNC SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT (SWM) An innovated program to facilitate and speed up implementation of R.A.9003
  • 2. SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM A.GENERAL INTRODUCTION The proposal is primarily focused on a request for funding of a prototype model which includes the manufacturing of : A. For biodegradable waste 1. Rapid Composting Unit B. For non-bio waste 1. Manual and Mechanical Segregator System THE SYSTEM The PROJECT is a Solid Waste Management System designed to be used on a city or municipality with an average population of 20 thousand household that normally generates an average of 120 tons of garbage per day, processing 60tons/day of Non-Biodegradable waste and 60 tons/day of Biodegradable waste. The system to be more effective requires initial segregation of 2 kinds of waste inside the household, namely NABUBULOK or BIODEGRADABLE and DI- NABUBULOK or NON- BIODEGRADABLE. PLANT NO.1 RAPID COMPOSTING SYSTEM (RCS) With Manual and Mechanical Separator System (For Biodegradable or Nabubulok waste) The system is composed of two units : Rapid Composting Unit (RCS) and the Manual and Mechanical Segregator both supported by conveyors and sub-conveyors. This equipment basically converts biodegradable waste into powdered raw organic Fertilizer in five (5) minutes and into a complete high quality organic fertilizer in only 5 days after putting them into polytwine bags and storing them in the bodega for 5 days composting period instead of the usual 45 days. The quality of organic fertilizer that is produced is very high quality, since the compost is well grounded and treated by bio-6 enzyme (lactobacilli), carbon activator, cocopeat and natural fresh water origin zeolyte.
  • 3. The Fertilizer is also free from toxic elements since before processing the plastic, metals, bottles and other big materials in the biodegradable to the plant are removed by the Manual and Mechanical Segregator System. The system other than achieving it’s major objective of eliminating Pollution and Dumpsite also will help the Government in terms of food production, health and economy. HOW THE RCS SYSTEM WORKS As the Biodegradable waste arrives in the RCP plant, the plastic bag containing the segregated waste is dropped into the Intake Conveyor and conveyed to the Manual and Mechanical Segregator System. Since they are toxic to plants and need to be removed in the fertilizer making process, the fresh biodegradable is transferred by a screw conveyor to the rapid composting unit. RAPID COMPOSTING UNIT (RCU) The RCU is a machine on a sealed 20 footer container van which accepts the fresh biodegradable from the MMSS. The biodegradable material is grinded , sprayed with Bio-5 Enzyme to remove toxic and bad odor, then blended with carbon activator, microbes and cocopeat to hasten the composting process from 45 days to only 5 days, then squeezed to remove the leachate and what is left in the output after 5 minutes is powered raw organic fertilizer with 30% moisture content to allow the bacteria to grow for the next 5 days. LEACHATE The Leachate is collected and either returned to the mixing process or used as liquid fertilizer. DIATOMACIOUS FRESH WATER ORIGIN ZEOLYTE The Raw organic material output is further mixed with Zeolyte to create a very high quality of organic fertilizer. Zeolyte are concentrated nutrients and minerals, comes in white powdered form, 100 million years old and are very abundant in the Philippines. One of our partners own a zeolyte mines in the province of Rizal. FIVE (5) DAYS COMPOSTING This Raw organic fertilizer output is either put on a composting bin or just kept on a Poly-twine bag and stored in the bodega for 5 days composting. After five (5) days the raw organic fertilizer is now a complete organic fertilizer and is ready for use or sold to the farmers in the amount of P250/bag of 25 kilos. This Organic Fertilizer has a much higher quality compared to the destructive NPK or
  • 4. Chemical Fertilizer that sells at P500 per 25 kilos and are the ones being used in our farms nationwide. Test shows that the use of the compost with Zeolyte doubles and sometimes triple the yield of rice, corn and sugar and other crops. HOW THE MMSS SYSTEM WORKS As the segregated waste on a sacks or plastic bags arrives at the Plant, the bags are opened by 2 workers and are poured to the Intake Conveyor while the empty bags or sacks are collected for possible reuse. Automatic Enzyme Sprayer automatically is activated above the intake conveyor to arrest possible bad odor (if there’s any) The Non-Bio waste are conveyed to the specific destination thru a sub-conveyor. At least 4 workers can segregate efficiently and transfer the specific waste on the seven (7) branch conveyors which convey the specific material to their specific assigned bodegas at the end of each branch conveyor. The workers can be increased when the volume of waste is heavy. After each deliveries and segregation processes, when not busy, the workers can go to the specific bodegas to further separate and arrange the material in accordance with their kind, model, size, etc. The segregated material are now ready for pick up by junkshop buyers or delivered to recycling plants. TO EFFECTIVELY MAXIMIZE THE USE OF THE TWO PLANTS THE FOLLOWING INITIAL PREPARATIONS ARE NECESSARY. A. HOUSEHOLD DISCIPLINE PROVIDE TWO WASTE BINS TO EACH HOUSEHOLD Two (2) waste bins measuring approximately 14” x 12” with colors, label with sample plastic bags are distributed preferably free to participating household in the Baranggay to encourage strict segregation of waste inside the house ( Nabubulok and Di-Nabubulok ) PENALTY GVT ( Garbage Violation Ticket ) shall be issued to violators of the procedure and they have to be paid out rightly to the Baranggay or any Bank in the vicinity or it will accumulate interest and will result to their imprisonment if they do not pay.
  • 5. HOUSEHOLD INCENTIVE On the other hand, the Brgy. Gives COUPON to the Household who brought out well segregated waste in plastic bag. The Coupon when accumulated can be exchanged with grocery items at the Baranggay hall as incentive or be exchanged with empty Plastic bags. B. PROMPT BARANGGAY HAULING OF GARBAGE Barangay hauler pickup the plastic bags containing the segregated waste promptly on schedule, for Example: NABUBULOK - MWF 9-10 AM DI-NABUBULOK - TTHS 9-10 AM Random inspection shall be done by the Barangay on the waste brought out by the household and is needed during the 1st month of operation to show to the Households that the Barangay is serious on the Program. A Committee to implement and monitor the Program shall be created for the purpose. DELIVERY OF GARBAGE TO PROCESSING PLANTS The specific waste hauled from the households are delivered by the Brgy. Haulers to the following Plants: 1. NABUBULOK to be brought to the RAPID COMPOSTING PLANT ( RCS) 2. DI-NABUBULOK is conveyed to specific area for specific recyclable, thru a sun-conveyor attached to manual and mechanical segregator system. Barangay Haulers bring with them extra plastic bags to insert torn ones and enzyme sprayer to arrest bad odor of some waste spillage during the travel. Instantaneously, Junkshop buyers can come and buy the materials, or the Plant can maintain a 10 wheeler truck to deliver the material to recycling plant. Residual material are grinded by an available SHREDDING MACHINE and the output is mixed with sand and cement and converted into HALLOW BLOCKS. A compactor is also available to press the cans in order to keep its volume small for delivery convenience. The system can handle 15 trucks on non-bio waste per day. The plant can earn at least (conservative computation ) P4,000 / truck or P60,000. / day from the sale of this recyclable materials.
  • 6. The earnings can easily provide incentive of P1000./truck and grocery COUPON for the households and cover the investment in a year time. It is recommended , to be assured of the effectiveness, viability, economy and productivity of the Project, a prototype model system for a Barangay be implemented and evaluated. The two major parts of the project – Rapid Composting System and Manual & Mechanical Segregator System (RCS and MMSS) will be on a Material Balance Scheme to attain an unobstructed flow. C. MARKET There is a big demand for good organic fertilizers. One of them is San Miguel Corporation who recently has committed to buy all the produce of Bondoc Peninsula. The only problem is there is no enough organic fertilizer available. There is also a demand for recyclable materials to lessen our importation of plastic and other materials and help improve our economy. D. INVESTMENT Equipment investment for the two systems ; RCS/MMSS PLANT for BIODEGRADABLE MATERIALS And NON-BIODEGRADABLE MATERIALS The lot shall be provided by the Local Government. A private investor can also participate on BOT Scheme getting the income from the sale of the fertilizer and recyclable materials. BENEFITS AND ADVANTAGES OF THE PROPOSAL ON THE FOLLOWING: 1. ENVIRONMENT Prevents pollution through the elimination or reduction of Dumpsite a. The biodegradable waste instead of going to dumpsite will now go to the rapid composting plant, thus preventing the pollution of our environment caused by the emission of methane gas coming from the dumpsite.
  • 7. 2. AGRICULTURE a. Because of the volume of high quality organic fertilizer that can be produced from the household biodegradable waste, we can sufficiently supply the requirement of our country of organic fertilizer and in turn double or triple our food production and eventually make our country an exporter of rice, corn, and sugar again. b. A big help to our farmers, the fertilizer can be sold at P150.00 per 25kilos bag, compared to the destructive NPK/UREA or chemical fertilizer that costs the farmers P500./25kilos bag. The farmers can now have better income from the produce as they would save substantially on the cost of fertilizer. c. Tests show that the organic fertilizer produced by the process increases the yields of crops by at least 2 times. Again a big help to the income of our farmers. 3. ECONOMY a. The local government unit will now save on hauling cost for at least 60% since the truck haulers will now go to the nearby SWM Plant, instead of the far dumpsite, which normally cost the P5,000. Per delivery truck including the P1,000./truck tipping fee. b. For 20 thousand household, the LGU will save at least P1.35M /month 4. HEALTH a. Prevents occurrence of sickness brought about by the use of Chemical Fertilizer such as : Hypertension, heart disease , arthritis, diabetes and others. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: MATERIAL RECOVERY FACILITY ( MRF)
  • 8. PROCESS AND SYSTEM Establishment of Material Recovery Facility ( MRF) Process and System I. Introduction In our continuous search for a lasting solution to the garbage problem, various technologies are being developed or introduced in our country. The full implementation of Republic Act 9003, otherwise known as the Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000, fuel the search for the cheap but efficient system/process that can be put up in the Material Recovery Facility (MRF) established by the local Government Unit ( LGU) or by the interested private operator in the country. The installed system will address the needs of established MRF to process collected garbage by segregating inorganic waste and processing bio- waste into an environment friendly fertilizer in a very short time. Roughly 24 hours. The machine and system developed by Filipino Inventor Dr. Luis N. Cervantes has (5) major components or generating scheme designed to handle expected volume of garbage generated by the host city or municipality in the eight ( 8) hours operation. II. Description of the Five (5) Major Components A. Component I - Deodorization & Sanitation of Garbage at Source The collection of garbage at source and transporting it to the destined site is always a problem to people living along route. To deter objections and prevent danger to the health of the people living in the community, the garbage truck is sprayed with deodorizer/sanitizer before living the area. The sprayed deodorizer is biological and contains beneficial microbes. The crew of the dump truck in its daily collection routine will conduct this operation.
  • 9. B. Component 2 – Segregation of Garbage Waste Reduction of the garbage waste is the purpose of this component. Raw garbage is composed of 70-75% recyclables and 25-30% bio-waste. Inert materials account to about 1-2% of the solid waste composition. The process of segregation is done as follows: 1. Holding bin received garbage from truck; 2. Flat bed conveyor slowly conveys the garbage to the place receptacle of the power grinder machine. While moving slowly, segregators separate recyclables assigned to each of them respectively and place them in special boxes for papers, glass, metals, plastic, cardboard and others. The flat bed conveyor is also provided with magnet or metal separators to screen metals before reaching the power grinder. Selected recyclables goes storage area through a conveyor and packed for disposal to junk market outlets. C. Component 3 – Grinding and Squeezing of Bio-waste Segregated bio-waste goes to the power grinder machine through an uptake screw conveyor. Attached to the conveyor are the special gadgets designed for specific purpose. The first gadget holds the bio- inoculants that sprinkle the waste materials as it drops to the power grinder. The second gadget, holds the solid activator and nutrient rich additives is mix with the waste material as it goes to power grinder where it is mechanically reduced granules. Granulated bio-waste goes to squeezer/hydrator machine through a screw conveyor where the moisture content of the material is reduced to 35% moisture content. A separate receptacle collects the squeezed liquid. This can be used as fertilizer for grass and lawn greening project. D. Component 4 - The Maturation and Curing Stage The processed fertilizer goes to the composition bin via an uptake screw conveyor. The composting bin rotates at the rate of 15RPM. Maturation is completed after 24hours, harvested and packed daily in a 25 kilos poly bag with moisture content of 28-30%. E. Component 5 – Utilization and Application of Organic Fertilizer Organic fertilizer produced by the MRF shall be utilized as substrate place in discarded or used poly bag. The substrate is enriched with coco coir dust at the ratio of 50% organic fertilizer, 20% coir dust and 30% garden soil.
  • 10. Target areas for Ube or Yam production in poly bag are islands of big streets and avenues in the municipality. Expected number of Ube planted in sack throughout the municipality shall be 50,000 Ube plants in 8 months production cycle or 250,000 Ube crop in 5 years period. The volume of plants maybe increased if housewives in the area / municipality may adopt the technology on Ube production at their homes and vacant spaces. This will revolutionize the processing of Ube into powdered product for the export market and moreover create ready market for the organic fertilizer produced by MRF in the metropolis. III. The Bio-inoculant The heart of the technology that runs MRF is the installed Mechanical System and Process, but without the beneficial microbes that serve as inoculants in enhancing the rapid digestion process, the fast method of producing organic fertilizer would not be possible. This replaces the old-time-consuming process windows turning large volume of garbage compost piles, which uses up wide composting area for a larger curing period. Until recently, the production of organic fertilizer needed enormous effort of upsetting the organic material many times because the microorganism used composting was almost aerobic. At a glance they may be safe, but during the maturing process, useful content volatized with the gas which are useful content in a natural processing. Because of the lack of labor and time, the organic materials are out back into the soil, but which will require much oxygen in order to make this anaerobic. As a result, humus production stops and rotting fungi begin to prosper. This is the natural decomposition process. In this new technology, digestion of inorganic waste into fertilizer is easily achieved with the little loss, by transforming organic materials into Nitrogen, phosphate, Potassium and other content. The technology controls moisture content of the materials at 35%. This is the moisture level loved by useful microbes for rapid composting.
  • 11. IV. The Additives To add bulk and quality to the organic fertilizer product, the following additives are added to the raw garbage material : 1. Coconut Coir Dust – this is a soil conditioner with growth hormone. It can absorb moisture up to 90% providing the natural irrigation system needed by the plants for growth and development. Coir dust maintains the organic fertilizer at 28- 30% and helps preserve its weight. The quality of coir dust added to the material is 20%. 2. The Solid Activator – this enhances the digestion and composting of raw materials into organic fertilizer. The beneficial microbes impregnated to the pre-mixed materials is responsible for rapid digestion of type fed material. 25 kilos of solid activator is needed to process one ten * of garbage. V. The Machine Capacity An MRF can install several units of this machine depending upon the volume of waste generated by the City. For the purposes of this study, one complete set of MRF machine will be discussed. Per hour, the machine can process 2.5 tons of raw garbage or 20tons in 8 hours operation. Roughly, then total volume of garbage processed including recyclables is 60tons. The whole machine set up comprises the following: a. holding bins – 2units b. Flat bed conveyor -1 unit c. Power grinder – 1unit d. Uptake screw conveyor – 3 units e. Squeezer / dehydrator – 3units f. Composting and maturing bin – 6 units g. Sets of tools and accessories h. Peripheral equipment VI. MRF Utilities and Other facilities 1. 3 phase electrical load 2. Water system 3. MRF Building ( processing, bodega, office) 4. Fencing Facilities 5. Maintenance pool and guard house 6. Others
  • 12. VII. MARKETING Sales from MRF Operation include the following: 1. Recyclables 2. Organic Fertilizer a. Market on recyclables is junk dealers inn the nearby areas / municipalities and other recycling establishment in Metropolis b. Market for Organic fertilizer is the Ube ( Yam) projects and City’s Green Industry ( horticulture) VIII. PERSONNEL Trained personnel will be employed to do the task during segregation stage, processing stage, and the finishing activities. Breakdown of MRF personnel for one whole set of MRF machines and systems are: 1. Segregation – 6 personnel 2. Machine operators – 14 workers/helpers 3. Center Manager – 1 4. Supervisor -1 5. Encoders -2 6. Secretary - 1