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Scope of Textile Composite in
Aerospace, Automotive, and Energy.
Md. Enamul Haque
Batch – 2K12
ID - 1221006
Department of Textile Engineering
Khulna University of Engineering and
Technology(KUET)
Scope of Textile Composite in Aerospace
Textile Composite
A composite is commonly defined as a combination of two or more distinct
materials, each of which retains its own distinctive properties, to create a new
material with properties that cannot be achieved by any of the components
acting alone.
Scope of Textile Composite in Aerospace
Area of Applications
Based on the applications, textiles composite used in Aerospace are broadly
divided into
• Aircraft Textiles
• Space Textiles
Scope of Textile Composite in Aerospace
Aircraft Textiles
The development of light-weight, high-
temperature resistant composite materials will
allow the next generation of high-performance,
economical aircraft designs to materialize.
Usage of such materials will reduce fuel
consumption, improve efficiency and reduce
direct operating costs of aircrafts.
Scope of Textile Composite in Aerospace
Satellite:
Satellite payload includes various equipment units. The housings
of these units have been traditionally made of aluminum.
• Composite materials have the potential to fulfill the multiple
performance requirements set for the housings.
• A composite design can be lighter and thermo-mechanically
compatible to the primary structure of the satellite, which is
often carbon composite now a days.
Scope of Textile Composite in Aerospace
Helicopter:
Composite materials can be formed into various shapes and the
fibers can be wound tightly to increase strength. A useful feature of
composites is that they can be layered, with the fibers in each layer
running in a different direction. This allows an engineer to design
structures with unique properties.
For this reason the composite fiber is being used to make the better
body structure of helicopter.
Scope of Textile Composite in Aerospace
Space Textiles
The clothing used in space crafts is generally called space suits. When the
astronauts leave the surface of earth and travel into the space, they must be
ready to meet the environment available there. Hence, there is a need for a
system to determine, detect and prevent certain level of radiations, pressures
and temperatures encountered by the astronauts to keep him alive in that
environment. Such a system is a space suit.
A space suit is a complex system of equipment, specially designed to protect
and keep a person comfortable in the rough environment of outer space.
Scope of Textile Composite in Aerospace
Extra Vehicular Mobility Unit (EMU):
It consists of 14 layers of structures to perform random functions such as thermal
resistant, vapour absorbing and impact resistant layers.
• The inner layers of the suit do activities like cooling and ventilation.
• An EMU consists of wide operations in it like; drink bag, communication systems,
TV camera and lights.
• EMU is made by the composite fiber.
Scope of Textile Composite in Aerospace
G- Suit:
Tightly fitting trousers worn by aviators to control the blood circulation at higher
level of acceleration. It is to reduce blood flow to lower side of human body under
the influence of acceleration or deceleration.
For this reason G - suit is being used by the aviators which is made by the composite
fiber.
Scope of Textile Composite in Aerospace
Parachute:
• It is effectively contributing in aerospace motion for men and materials.
• Parachutes help the safe decent of person or material from aerospace to ground
surface.
• Generally, a parachute composes of thin light- weight fabric, supporting tapes and
suspension lines.
• Nylon, polyester, Kevlar and Nomex fiber types are used in fabric for parachute.
Flexibility and weather resistance
Scope of Textile Composite in Aerospace
Benefits of using composite in Aerospace
• Lighter in weight.
• Flexible in handling.
• Soft in touch.
• Comparable in strength with metal.
• Modifiable in size and shape.
• Thermal insulated and thermal resistant
• High-temperature resistant.
Scope of Textile Composite in Aerospace
Shortcoming challenge
Virtual Microscopy:
Our experience suggests that a virtual slide can be created manually, but will
require many hours of technical hands-on time. However, if only a small area of
the specimen is selected, the time and effort required will be proportionately less.
Images taken from small areas of the slide that show classic lesions can be
selected. These limited sections in a glass slide can be easily digitized, and the
captured images stitched together manually.
Scope of Textile Composite in Aerospace
• Repair and recycling of carbon fibre reinforced plastics (CFRPs) remain
considerable challenges for the future
• Professor Ajit Kelkar, chairman of the Nanoengineering Department at the Joint
School of Nanoscience and Nanoengineering in North Carolina says that in the
future most commercial aircraft will be made mainly from CFRP composites and
Kelkar believes civil aviation manufacturing usage will grow more than 300 per
cent over today.
Scope of Textile Composite in Aerospace
Scope of improvement in aerospace
By using composite fiber the cost of the material decreases, the strength increases,
weight of the materials decrease. So in the aerospace sector a revolutionary change
can be brought. A device that can act like muscle and nerves that can be invent by
using composite fiber.
Scope of Textile Composite in Automotive
Area of Applications
Composites have long been used in autos and trucks, primarily under
the hood and in interiors. High-performance have used carbon fiber for
many years. Now new high-speed manufacturing technology is allowing
carbon fiber to move into production vehicles.
Scope of Textile Composite in Automotive
Marine:
• Shafting Overwraps
• Life rails, Handrails
• Masts, Stacks & Foundations
• Stanchions
• Propellers vanes, Fans & Blowers
• Gear cases
• Valves & Strainers
• Condenser shells
Scope of Textile Composite in Automotive
Bicycles:
• Forks
• Handle bars & Connecting bar ends
• Seat posts
Scope of Textile Composite in Automotive
Automobiles:
• Pultruded Driveshaft
• RTM Panel
• Fiber Glass/Epoxy Springs for Heavy Trucks and Trailers
• Rocker Arm Covers, Suspension Arms, Wheels and Engine Shrouds
• Filament-Wound Fuel Tanks
• Electrical Vehicle Body Components and Assembly Units
• Valve Guides
• Automotive Racing Brakes & Train Brakes
• Clutch Plates
Scope of Textile Composite in Automotive
Benefits of using composite in Automotive
• Lightweight
• Cost
• Safety, crashworthiness
• Crashworthiness tests
• Recycling and life cycle considerations
• Corrosion resistance
• High-impact strength
Scope of Textile Composite in Automotive
• Design flexibility
• Part consolidation
• Dimensional stability
• Nonconductive
• Nonmagnetic
• Composites enjoy reduced life cycle cost compared to metals
• Composites are less noisy while in operation and provide lower vibration
transmission than metals
• Tensile strength of composites is four to six times greater than that of steel
or aluminium.
Scope of Textile Composite in Automotive
Shortcoming challenge
Today, a major challenge relating to automotive composite design is the
unavailability of simulation tools and a general lack of composite material
characterization. The main challenges are-
• The computational time required to model composite structures and components.
• Manufacturing is an issue for composites in the automotive sector when the high
production volumes required.
Scope of Textile Composite in Automotive
• The development of nano cellulose is being driven by the wood
industry worldwide due to the excellent stiffness properties of
cellulose and may provide an entirely new class of composite in the
future.
• Major challenges associated with dispersion and pre-treatment of the
nano cellulose in its polymer and ensuring adhesion may be well
rewarded with a flexibly manufactured material with good
environmental characteristics.
Scope of Textile Composite in Automotive
Scope of improvement in automotive
• Decreasing the cost of the raw materials
• Reducing the lack of suitable manufacturing processes
• Improved torsional stiffness and impact properties
• Improved appearance with smooth surfaces and readily incorporable
integral decorative melamine are other characteristics of composites
• Other aspects that have to be considered are tooling costs, scrap
production and cycle time.
Scope of Textile Composite in Energy
Area of Applications
• Construction of wind turbines.
• The production of blades and other important structural elements for
the wind energy sector
• Supercapacitors
• Solar cell applications
• Lithium oxygen batteries
Scope of Textile Composite in Energy
• Coupling of a wind energy converter
• Musical instrument
• Medical implants such as artificial joints and organ, electronics etc.
• Thermoelectric cable
• Organic photovoltaic (PV) cells,
• Woven thermoelectric generators
Scope of Textile Composite in Energy
Benefits of using composite in Energy
• Strength:
Fine ceramic fiber composites provide increased specific strength over
monolithic materials as a result of the fiber load sharing mechanism.
• Conformability:
Actuators, sensors and energy harvesters can be produced in a
variety of shapes inexpensively.
• High Performance:
Piezoelectric Fiber Composites have higher performance than
planar monolithic piezoceramics.
Scope of Textile Composite in Energy
• Flexible:
Gain additional design flexibility and ability to create complex motion. The
orthotropic nature of the unidirectional fibers and interdigital electrode permits
effective design of modal generators and sensors.
• Cost Effective:
In volume, PFCs are inexpensive to fabricate.
• User Defined:
Shapes and frequencies can be modified to meet specific needs.
• Robust:
Highly damage tolerant.
Scope of Textile Composite in Energy
Shortcoming challenge
Future challenges for materials in the field of wind turbines are presented, with a
focus on thermoplastic composites, new structural materials concepts, new structural
design aspects, structural health monitoring, and the coming trends and markets for
wind energy.
In rotor blades the challenge for the designers is thus to go beyond the simple plank
and integrate the aerodynamic shape, the tapering and the twist, into a design of the
blade structure that is optimized with respect to materials selection and cost-
effective production.
Scope of Textile Composite in Energy
Scope of improvement in energy
• Increasing the strength of composite materials
• Decreasing the cost of composite materials
• Composite materials should have high performance
• The durability and high lifetime of composite materials can be ensured
• Composite materials should have very high stiffness, fatigue damage and
environmental loading resistance.
For this, the advanced composites should be developed, improved and utilized in
wind energy.
 Scope of Textile Composite

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Scope of Textile Composite

  • 1. Scope of Textile Composite in Aerospace, Automotive, and Energy. Md. Enamul Haque Batch – 2K12 ID - 1221006 Department of Textile Engineering Khulna University of Engineering and Technology(KUET)
  • 2. Scope of Textile Composite in Aerospace Textile Composite A composite is commonly defined as a combination of two or more distinct materials, each of which retains its own distinctive properties, to create a new material with properties that cannot be achieved by any of the components acting alone.
  • 3. Scope of Textile Composite in Aerospace Area of Applications Based on the applications, textiles composite used in Aerospace are broadly divided into • Aircraft Textiles • Space Textiles
  • 4. Scope of Textile Composite in Aerospace Aircraft Textiles The development of light-weight, high- temperature resistant composite materials will allow the next generation of high-performance, economical aircraft designs to materialize. Usage of such materials will reduce fuel consumption, improve efficiency and reduce direct operating costs of aircrafts.
  • 5. Scope of Textile Composite in Aerospace Satellite: Satellite payload includes various equipment units. The housings of these units have been traditionally made of aluminum. • Composite materials have the potential to fulfill the multiple performance requirements set for the housings. • A composite design can be lighter and thermo-mechanically compatible to the primary structure of the satellite, which is often carbon composite now a days.
  • 6. Scope of Textile Composite in Aerospace Helicopter: Composite materials can be formed into various shapes and the fibers can be wound tightly to increase strength. A useful feature of composites is that they can be layered, with the fibers in each layer running in a different direction. This allows an engineer to design structures with unique properties. For this reason the composite fiber is being used to make the better body structure of helicopter.
  • 7. Scope of Textile Composite in Aerospace Space Textiles The clothing used in space crafts is generally called space suits. When the astronauts leave the surface of earth and travel into the space, they must be ready to meet the environment available there. Hence, there is a need for a system to determine, detect and prevent certain level of radiations, pressures and temperatures encountered by the astronauts to keep him alive in that environment. Such a system is a space suit. A space suit is a complex system of equipment, specially designed to protect and keep a person comfortable in the rough environment of outer space.
  • 8. Scope of Textile Composite in Aerospace Extra Vehicular Mobility Unit (EMU): It consists of 14 layers of structures to perform random functions such as thermal resistant, vapour absorbing and impact resistant layers. • The inner layers of the suit do activities like cooling and ventilation. • An EMU consists of wide operations in it like; drink bag, communication systems, TV camera and lights. • EMU is made by the composite fiber.
  • 9. Scope of Textile Composite in Aerospace G- Suit: Tightly fitting trousers worn by aviators to control the blood circulation at higher level of acceleration. It is to reduce blood flow to lower side of human body under the influence of acceleration or deceleration. For this reason G - suit is being used by the aviators which is made by the composite fiber.
  • 10. Scope of Textile Composite in Aerospace Parachute: • It is effectively contributing in aerospace motion for men and materials. • Parachutes help the safe decent of person or material from aerospace to ground surface. • Generally, a parachute composes of thin light- weight fabric, supporting tapes and suspension lines. • Nylon, polyester, Kevlar and Nomex fiber types are used in fabric for parachute. Flexibility and weather resistance
  • 11. Scope of Textile Composite in Aerospace Benefits of using composite in Aerospace • Lighter in weight. • Flexible in handling. • Soft in touch. • Comparable in strength with metal. • Modifiable in size and shape. • Thermal insulated and thermal resistant • High-temperature resistant.
  • 12. Scope of Textile Composite in Aerospace Shortcoming challenge Virtual Microscopy: Our experience suggests that a virtual slide can be created manually, but will require many hours of technical hands-on time. However, if only a small area of the specimen is selected, the time and effort required will be proportionately less. Images taken from small areas of the slide that show classic lesions can be selected. These limited sections in a glass slide can be easily digitized, and the captured images stitched together manually.
  • 13. Scope of Textile Composite in Aerospace • Repair and recycling of carbon fibre reinforced plastics (CFRPs) remain considerable challenges for the future • Professor Ajit Kelkar, chairman of the Nanoengineering Department at the Joint School of Nanoscience and Nanoengineering in North Carolina says that in the future most commercial aircraft will be made mainly from CFRP composites and Kelkar believes civil aviation manufacturing usage will grow more than 300 per cent over today.
  • 14. Scope of Textile Composite in Aerospace Scope of improvement in aerospace By using composite fiber the cost of the material decreases, the strength increases, weight of the materials decrease. So in the aerospace sector a revolutionary change can be brought. A device that can act like muscle and nerves that can be invent by using composite fiber.
  • 15. Scope of Textile Composite in Automotive Area of Applications Composites have long been used in autos and trucks, primarily under the hood and in interiors. High-performance have used carbon fiber for many years. Now new high-speed manufacturing technology is allowing carbon fiber to move into production vehicles.
  • 16. Scope of Textile Composite in Automotive Marine: • Shafting Overwraps • Life rails, Handrails • Masts, Stacks & Foundations • Stanchions • Propellers vanes, Fans & Blowers • Gear cases • Valves & Strainers • Condenser shells
  • 17. Scope of Textile Composite in Automotive Bicycles: • Forks • Handle bars & Connecting bar ends • Seat posts
  • 18. Scope of Textile Composite in Automotive Automobiles: • Pultruded Driveshaft • RTM Panel • Fiber Glass/Epoxy Springs for Heavy Trucks and Trailers • Rocker Arm Covers, Suspension Arms, Wheels and Engine Shrouds • Filament-Wound Fuel Tanks • Electrical Vehicle Body Components and Assembly Units • Valve Guides • Automotive Racing Brakes & Train Brakes • Clutch Plates
  • 19. Scope of Textile Composite in Automotive Benefits of using composite in Automotive • Lightweight • Cost • Safety, crashworthiness • Crashworthiness tests • Recycling and life cycle considerations • Corrosion resistance • High-impact strength
  • 20. Scope of Textile Composite in Automotive • Design flexibility • Part consolidation • Dimensional stability • Nonconductive • Nonmagnetic • Composites enjoy reduced life cycle cost compared to metals • Composites are less noisy while in operation and provide lower vibration transmission than metals • Tensile strength of composites is four to six times greater than that of steel or aluminium.
  • 21. Scope of Textile Composite in Automotive Shortcoming challenge Today, a major challenge relating to automotive composite design is the unavailability of simulation tools and a general lack of composite material characterization. The main challenges are- • The computational time required to model composite structures and components. • Manufacturing is an issue for composites in the automotive sector when the high production volumes required.
  • 22. Scope of Textile Composite in Automotive • The development of nano cellulose is being driven by the wood industry worldwide due to the excellent stiffness properties of cellulose and may provide an entirely new class of composite in the future. • Major challenges associated with dispersion and pre-treatment of the nano cellulose in its polymer and ensuring adhesion may be well rewarded with a flexibly manufactured material with good environmental characteristics.
  • 23. Scope of Textile Composite in Automotive Scope of improvement in automotive • Decreasing the cost of the raw materials • Reducing the lack of suitable manufacturing processes • Improved torsional stiffness and impact properties • Improved appearance with smooth surfaces and readily incorporable integral decorative melamine are other characteristics of composites • Other aspects that have to be considered are tooling costs, scrap production and cycle time.
  • 24. Scope of Textile Composite in Energy Area of Applications • Construction of wind turbines. • The production of blades and other important structural elements for the wind energy sector • Supercapacitors • Solar cell applications • Lithium oxygen batteries
  • 25. Scope of Textile Composite in Energy • Coupling of a wind energy converter • Musical instrument • Medical implants such as artificial joints and organ, electronics etc. • Thermoelectric cable • Organic photovoltaic (PV) cells, • Woven thermoelectric generators
  • 26. Scope of Textile Composite in Energy Benefits of using composite in Energy • Strength: Fine ceramic fiber composites provide increased specific strength over monolithic materials as a result of the fiber load sharing mechanism. • Conformability: Actuators, sensors and energy harvesters can be produced in a variety of shapes inexpensively. • High Performance: Piezoelectric Fiber Composites have higher performance than planar monolithic piezoceramics.
  • 27. Scope of Textile Composite in Energy • Flexible: Gain additional design flexibility and ability to create complex motion. The orthotropic nature of the unidirectional fibers and interdigital electrode permits effective design of modal generators and sensors. • Cost Effective: In volume, PFCs are inexpensive to fabricate. • User Defined: Shapes and frequencies can be modified to meet specific needs. • Robust: Highly damage tolerant.
  • 28. Scope of Textile Composite in Energy Shortcoming challenge Future challenges for materials in the field of wind turbines are presented, with a focus on thermoplastic composites, new structural materials concepts, new structural design aspects, structural health monitoring, and the coming trends and markets for wind energy. In rotor blades the challenge for the designers is thus to go beyond the simple plank and integrate the aerodynamic shape, the tapering and the twist, into a design of the blade structure that is optimized with respect to materials selection and cost- effective production.
  • 29. Scope of Textile Composite in Energy Scope of improvement in energy • Increasing the strength of composite materials • Decreasing the cost of composite materials • Composite materials should have high performance • The durability and high lifetime of composite materials can be ensured • Composite materials should have very high stiffness, fatigue damage and environmental loading resistance. For this, the advanced composites should be developed, improved and utilized in wind energy.