LIFE+ LIFE10 ENV/IT/00039 EMoNFUr ‚Establishing a monitoring network to assess lowland forest and urban plantation in Lombardy and urban forest in Slovenia‛Andrej Verlič, Enrico Calvo; Roberto Carovigno; Riccardo Gini; Benedetto Selleri; Primož Simončič, Giovanni Sanesi
Lead Partner / Coordinating beneficiary:ERSAF - Ente Regionale per i Servizi all’Agricoltura e alle ForestePartner / Associated beneficiary:Regione Lombardia - Direzione Generale Sistemi Verdi e PaesaggioPartner / Associated beneficiary:Consorzio Parco Nord MilanoPartner / Associated beneficiary:Slovenian Forestry Institute / Gozdarski inštitut SlovenijeIn coorporation with:• Università degli Studi di Bari Aldo Moro / University of Bari Aldo Moro• Università degli Studi di Milano Bicocca / University of Milano Bicocca• Università degli Studi di Firenze / University of Florence• Univerza v Ljubljani / University of Ljubljana• Mestna občina Ljubljana / City of Ljubljana• Zavod za gozdove Slovenije / Slovenia Forest Service
Background• Policy - EU’s environmental policy on the protection of forests and biodiversity (Green Paper, 2010)• Services urban and peri-urban forests provide• Lombardy Reg. lowland forests & afforestation• City of Ljubljana‘s (natural) urban forest• Knowing the condition & Understanding the processes • Data - knowing what are you managing • Comparability - harmonized methodology • Cooperation – large scale network approach • Participation – including users and stakeholders
Lombardy Reg. AfforestationsParco Nord Milano (since 1983) Foresta della Carpaneta (2003) Examples: Bosco delle querce Bosco della Besozza (2003) (since 1984) Boscoincittà (since 1974)
Urban Forest in the City of Ljubljana 41 % forest cover! population: 280.140 Slovenian Forestry Institute SPECIAL PURPOSE FOREST (SPF) WITHIN THE CITY OF LJUBLJANA
Beginning of testing monitoring activities malaise trap gatter meteo station litterfall traps andlysimeters gatters
Objectives• Perform preliminary monitoring;• Map the proposal of a permanent monitoring network of urban and peri-urban forests in Lombardy and Slovenia;• Establish a general proposal to establish a harmonized European UPF monitoring network;• Analyse the ecosystem services offered by these forests in Lombardy and Slovenia;• Raise awareness locally about the importance of monitoring afforestations and natural urban and peri-urban forests in Lombardy and Slovenia.
Organization PROJECT COMMITTEEI INFORMATION INFORMATION TN LOCAL RT WORKSHOPS A SCIENTIFIC & USERE BOARD COMMITTEE N CONFERENCESR SN EFUF Ministries N Ljubljana (14./15.5.2012)A Universities Italy Regions AT Research inst. Municipalities T etc. ContractorsI Owners I NETWORKINGO NGO O etc.N NA FutMon LIFE+ A Climforisk LIFE+L Man For C.BD. L
Parameters - levels»Minimum requirements«• obligatory for each city in the network• the most cost effective• easy and acceptable to monitor• sufficient to do some basic modelling• allow comparing within the network cities• could provide some PR results »Recommended parameters« • relatively important to monitor the status of ecosystem goods and services • perform advanced modelling: visitor monitoring, biodiversity, water retention, carbon sequestration, heat island reduction, particulate matter filter, protection against winds, soil protection … »Optional parameters« • a comprehensive list of parameters and methodologies • a knowledge base that could be ever evolving • particular research or monitoring
Example - Urban forests monitoring activities proposal according to the experiences of the ICPForest programme and other LIFE+ projects (e.g. Futmon Life+, 2009—2011)what Information about: Manual ICP Forests Target plots, frequency assessments/measurements/sampling www //: http://www.icp- Level l Level ll Leven II, »core«pl. forests.org/ Manual.htmPlots location, size, status Chapter ll establisment establisment establismentStand Basic stand characteristics Chapter ll 5 years 5 years 5 yearsTree status Crown, branches and trung Chapter lV 1 year 1 year 1 year indicatorsGrowth and yield of Stand / trees growth Chapter V - 5 years 5 yearstreesGrowth and yield of Growth and yearly growth of Chapter V - - contiouslytrees (intensive) individual treesPhenology Phenophase of forest trees (plot level) Chapter Vl - - weeklyPhenology (intensive) Yearly developmental stages of forest Chapter Vl - - contiously trees (tree level)Ground vegetaion Species diversity Chapter Vll project 5 years 5 yearsPlant injuries by O3 Visible injuries due to trophospheric Chapter Vlll - - 1 year ozoneMeteorological Basic meteorological parameters (T, Chapter lX - contiously contiouslymeasurements wind speed, precipitation etc.)Soil sampling and profil, pedological analyses Chapter X project 10 years 10 yearsanalysesSoil sollution sampling Elements and ions content – liquid Chapter Xl _ - 1 – 2 weeksand analyses phaseFoliar sampling and Elements concentration in leaves of Chapter Xll project 2 years 2 yearsanalises treesLitter sampling and Quantity, composition and content of Chapter Vlll - - 1 – 2 weeksanalyses elementsDeposits sampling and Bulk deposition, stand through-fall Chapter XlV - 2 – 4 weeks 2 – 4 weeksanalyses deposition, stam-flow depositionAir quality SO2, NOx, O3 concentration 7-14 days Chapter XV - - 1 – 2 weeks average
Expected results• A scientifically revised monitoring protocol;• Establishment of a permanent UPF monitoring network proposal in Lombardy and Slovenia;• Creation of a permanent international Project Committee and User Committee dealing with the monitoring of afforestations and natural urban and peri-urban forests;• An online manual on the ecosystem services provided by afforestations and natural urban and peri-urban forests in Lombardy and Slovenia;• Definition of a set of monitoring indicators for assessment of the policies implemented in Lombardy and Slovenia for forests covering lowland or degraded urban and peri-urban areas; and• Creation of a set of indicators to evaluate the impact of climate change on the afforestations and natural forest ecosystems in urban and peri- urban areas.