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The TEI encoding of fragments: dangerous
wager or efficient stratagem?
Emmanuelle Morlock-Gerstenkorn
Institut des Science...
Goals
A problematic encoding strategy
A pragmatic solution
The « second volume »
of Bouvard et Pécuchet
Amongst the documentary
files of Flaubert's last
unfinished novel:
handwritten ...
Goals of the digital edition
A TEI transcription of the
whole manuscript for:
1. An edition of all the texts
within the do...
Overlapping structures
A single hierarchy!
What is a fragment?
– A pasted patch of
paper,
– A surface of the
image?
– A te...
Prepared page
Reading note
Recapitulations
Editorial questions
• Multiple scattered occurrences of the same quotation
= how to interpret and transcribe one without h...
a pragmatic encoding strategy
Page Tacite
fragment 1
fragment 2
Trajan fragment 3
Antonin fragment 4
Marc Aurèle fragment 5
fragment 6 (Eschyle)
Fragmen...
Text
Tacite
Trajan
Antonin
Marc Aurèle
Eschyle fragment 6
Fragment 7
fragment 1
fragment 2
fragment 3
fragment 4
fragment 5
Text
List
Head = Tacite
item n=1
cit
item n=2 cit
List @type=gloss
List
label term = Trajan
item n=3 cit
label term = Anto...
Prepared page
Reading note
Recapitulations
Sciences
Medicine
Hygiene
Recapitulation
Medical
style
Medical
litterature
<item> in
g226(7)f°117
<item> in
g226(7)f°157
S...
Merci !
emmanuelle.morlock@gmail.com
2011 10 15_tei-encoding-of-fragments-conf-tei-2011-wurzburg
2011 10 15_tei-encoding-of-fragments-conf-tei-2011-wurzburg
2011 10 15_tei-encoding-of-fragments-conf-tei-2011-wurzburg
2011 10 15_tei-encoding-of-fragments-conf-tei-2011-wurzburg
2011 10 15_tei-encoding-of-fragments-conf-tei-2011-wurzburg
2011 10 15_tei-encoding-of-fragments-conf-tei-2011-wurzburg
2011 10 15_tei-encoding-of-fragments-conf-tei-2011-wurzburg
2011 10 15_tei-encoding-of-fragments-conf-tei-2011-wurzburg
2011 10 15_tei-encoding-of-fragments-conf-tei-2011-wurzburg
2011 10 15_tei-encoding-of-fragments-conf-tei-2011-wurzburg
2011 10 15_tei-encoding-of-fragments-conf-tei-2011-wurzburg
2011 10 15_tei-encoding-of-fragments-conf-tei-2011-wurzburg
2011 10 15_tei-encoding-of-fragments-conf-tei-2011-wurzburg
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2011 10 15_tei-encoding-of-fragments-conf-tei-2011-wurzburg

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This paper attempts to question the encoding of textual fragments using the TEI guidelines. The fragment corresponds to part or a (small) portion of a whole that is missing. Whether it is a rest of an object that disappeared or an unfinished embryo of a work in progress, the fragment is transmitted to us disconnected from the complete and finished opus that would give him his nature, function, and finality. Since the TEI is an encoding scheme that views the text as an ordered hierarchy of content objets (OHCO), as it has been analyzed thorougly, it's not possible to use it without giving each element a tag situated in that hierarchy, and therefore its semantics and functionality. In that perspective, one can ask wether or not the choice of the TEI as en encoding scheme can be misleading and produce as a result improper interpretations ?

But above all, editing fragments consists in establishing it in a set that will determine the way they are read and interpreted. A new signification will be necessarily induced by the new configuration. Can this presentation bias that promotes groundlessly one order in a textual hierarchy superior to the others be avoided ? The solution may be found in the dynamic edition, the one that can offer every possible presentation without imposing one as more important than the others. The critical electronic edition of the documentary files of Gustave Flaubert's last novel"Bouvard et Pécuchet" relies on that viewpoint. This project aims to propose an edition that could give the fragments of citations he collected and started to organize the mobility they deserve, as the volume was very far from finished when he died.

For this project, the TEI is used very pragmatically with two goals. The first consist in "recording" a base structure corresponding to the way these fragments are scripted on the pages of the manuscripted. The second is to use it as a base for en extraction of the editorial units the edition will present away from the original context of the page.

This strategy was only possible because the abstract models of the inscription of the fragments and of the edition that has to be made were clearly established. It shows that strongly embedded markup which is often depreciated, provided that project the only efficient way of extracting these fragment with oll the contextual information that is necessary for a reader to make sense of them, in an dynamic edition that tries to avoid the presentational bias of the printed edition.

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2011 10 15_tei-encoding-of-fragments-conf-tei-2011-wurzburg

  1. 1. The TEI encoding of fragments: dangerous wager or efficient stratagem? Emmanuelle Morlock-Gerstenkorn Institut des Sciences de l’Homme CNRS, USR 3385 @emmamgsid TEI Members Meeting, Würzburg October 15th, 2011
  2. 2. Goals A problematic encoding strategy A pragmatic solution
  3. 3. The « second volume » of Bouvard et Pécuchet Amongst the documentary files of Flaubert's last unfinished novel: handwritten pages of quotations and newspaper cuttings Prepared page for vol 2 Bibliographic list Raw documentation Reading note Synthesis of reading notes for vol 1 Recapitulation for vol 2
  4. 4. Goals of the digital edition A TEI transcription of the whole manuscript for: 1. An edition of all the texts within the documentary files (approx. 3500 pages) 2. A specific interface for « conjectural reconstitutions »
  5. 5. Overlapping structures A single hierarchy! What is a fragment? – A pasted patch of paper, – A surface of the image? – A textual « quotation » unit?
  6. 6. Prepared page Reading note Recapitulations
  7. 7. Editorial questions • Multiple scattered occurrences of the same quotation = how to interpret and transcribe one without having found the others? • Extracted from the page it was inserted in, can the fragment be still understandable? • What is the text? Just the written words or is there something else? • Inserting the fragments in a new context = creating improper or misleading interpretations ?
  8. 8. a pragmatic encoding strategy
  9. 9. Page Tacite fragment 1 fragment 2 Trajan fragment 3 Antonin fragment 4 Marc Aurèle fragment 5 fragment 6 (Eschyle) Fragment 7 (Eschyle) !?
  10. 10. Text Tacite Trajan Antonin Marc Aurèle Eschyle fragment 6 Fragment 7 fragment 1 fragment 2 fragment 3 fragment 4 fragment 5
  11. 11. Text List Head = Tacite item n=1 cit item n=2 cit List @type=gloss List label term = Trajan item n=3 cit label term = Antonin item n=4 cit label item n=5 cit term = Marc Aurèle item n=6 @ana= Eschyle cit item n=7 @ana= Eschyle cit quote bibl quote bibl quote bibl quote bibl quote bibl quote (term/interp= Eschyle) bibl quote (term= Eschyle) bibl
  12. 12. Prepared page Reading note Recapitulations
  13. 13. Sciences Medicine Hygiene Recapitulation Medical style Medical litterature <item> in g226(7)f°117 <item> in g226(7)f°157 Specimen of style Recapitulation style pretentious and rococo Medical litterature <item> in g226(3)f°121 History of scientific ideas Prepared page Scientific ideas <item> in g226(4)f°43 Le laboureur ne connaît ni le danger des lectures, ni la séduction des sociétés, ni le poids de lʼoisiveté. Élevé sous le toit paternel, il ne contracte dʼhabitude que celle du travail et il nʼéprouve de besoins que ceux de la nature. Dictionary of medical sciences, entry : "The ploughman's deseases" File in Ms Text Category Fragment Default category Reference fragment Source Reading Note Quotation
  14. 14. Merci ! emmanuelle.morlock@gmail.com

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