Md gs ghana_performance_2010

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millennium development goal 7

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Md gs ghana_performance_2010

  1. 1. MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALSGHANAS PERFORMANCE, 2010 DR. I.F. MENSA-BONSU TECHNICAL ADVISOR NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT PLANNING COMMISSION 1
  2. 2. OUTLINE OF PRESENTATION1. INTRODUCTION2. PROGRESS TOWARDS ATTAINMENT OF MDGS IN GHANA3. KEY CHALLENGES4. WAY FORWARD 2
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION Eight time-bound and quantifiable targets were adopted in September 2000 after a UN Declaration by 189 countries. The targets aim to halve the proportion of people living below the poverty line, improve access to education, promote gender equality, improve maternal and child health, ensure environmental sustainability and promote global partnership between developed and developing countries This status report focuses primarily on progress to date and whether Ghana can achieve the MDG targets by 2015. The report mainly presents the current status of progress towards the MDGs, the supportive environment, challenges and the resource requirements. 3
  4. 4. GHANA’S PROGRESS4
  5. 5. GOAL 1: ERADICATE EXTREME POVERTYAND HUNGER• Upper Poverty Incidence has been reduced from 51.7% in1991/92 to 39.5% in 1998/99 and 28.5% in 2005/2006 5
  6. 6. GOAL 1: ERADICATE EXTREME POVERTYAND HUNGER •Number of people living in extreme poverty has also decreased from 36.5% to 18.2% 6
  7. 7. GOAL 1: ERADICATE EXTREME POVERTYAND HUNGER •The depth of poverty in Ghana has consistently but 7 marginally declined since 1991
  8. 8. GOAL 1: ERADICATE EXTREMEPOVERTY AND HUNGER•The share of the poorest quintile in national consumptionconsistently declined at the national level from 6.8% to 85.6% between 1991/92 to 2005/06L
  9. 9. GOAL 1: ERADICATE EXTREMEPOVERTY AND HUNGER •From almost 34% in 1991/92, Extreme Working Poverty Rate has declined to 16.1% 9 •An Indication of improvement in creating decency in the quality of work.
  10. 10. GOAL 2: ACHIEVE UNIVERSAL PRIMARY EDUCATION Gross Net Enrolment YEAR  Enrolment Gender Parity Index Ratio Ratio 2007/08 95 83.7 0.96 2008/09 94.9 88.5 0.96 2009/2010 94.9 83.6 0.96•GER remained unchanged at 94.9 in 2009 and 2010, againstMDG target of 100•NER dropped substantially by about 5 percentage points from 10the 2009 level
  11. 11. GOAL 2: ACHIEVE UNIVERSALPRIMARY EDUCATIONCompletion / Survival rate YEAR PRIMARY JHS 2007/2008 2008/2009 88.7 75 2009/2010 87.1 66•Overall the survival rate at the primary level declinedmarginally from 88.7% in 2008/09 to 87.1% in 2009/2010slowing it from reaching the 100% target by 2015•At the Junior High School (JHS) level, survival rate 11worsened drastically following a sharp decline from 75.0%in 2008/09 to 66% in 2009/10
  12. 12. GOAL 3: PROMOTE GENDEREQUALITY AND EMPOWER WOMEN POSITION 2008 2009 2010 Ministers na 21.0 18.9 Deputy Ministers na 20.0 20.0 Chief Directors 24.0 24.0 24.0 Chief Justice 100.0 100.0 100.0 Supreme Court Judges 29.0 29.0 29.0 High Court Judges 25.0 na 25.0Speaker & Deputy Speakers 0.0 33.3 33.3 of Parliament Members of Parliament 9.0 8.7 8.3District Assembly Appointee 28.0 7.3 na District Assembly Elected 11.0 11.0 6.8•The share of Female Ministers reduced from 21% in 2009 to18.9% in 2010 while the share of Elected District Assembly 12Members also decline from 11% in 2009 to 6.8% in 2010.•All other positions showed no progress
  13. 13. GOAL 4: REDUCE CHILD MORTALITYIndicator 2003 2008 Target 2015Under-five mortality rate 111 80 39.88Infant mortality 64 50 21.5Proportion of under1 year imunised 68.8% 79.9% 83.0%against measlesThe UNICEF health statistics, however, shows a further decline ofUnder-five Mortality from 80 deaths per 1000 to 69 deaths per 1000live births in 2009.Infant mortality rate (IMR) has also declined to 50 per 1000 live births 13by 2008.
  14. 14. GOAL 5: IMPROVE MATERNAL HEALTHInstitutional maternal mortality ratio (IMMR), from 170 per 100,000live births in 2009 to 164 per 100,000 live births in 2010 14The 2008 Ghana Demographic and Health Survey however reportedmaternal mortality ratio of 451 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births
  15. 15. GOAL 6: COMBAT HIV/AIDS, MALARIA AND OTHER DISEASESHIV prevalence in the country reduced from 1.9% in 2009 to 1.5% in2010 and is projected to fall gradually to 1.3% in 2015 15
  16. 16. GOAL 7: ENSURE ENVIRONMENTALSUSTAINABILITY 16
  17. 17. GOAL 7: ENSURE ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITYWhereas the MDG target for the country is 53% by 2015, 17as of 2010, the national coverage for improvedsanitation was only 13%
  18. 18. GOAL 8: DEVELOP A GLOBAL PARTNERSHIP FOR DEVELOPMENTTotal ODA inflows into the country have been increasing 18steadily from 2003 up until 2010,
  19. 19. GOAL 8: DEVELOP A GLOBALPARTNERSHIP FOR DEVELOPMENT 19
  20. 20. Goals/Targets Indicator Baseline 2010 2015Goal 1. Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger -Proportion belowa. Halve the proportion of people below the extreme poverty 36.5 NA poverty line by 2015 (national basic food 18.5 (1991/92) needs) line (%) -Proportion in overall poverty (national 51.7 basic food and non- NA 25.9 (1991/92) food needs) line (%)b. Halve the proportion of people who -Under five childrensuffer from hunger who are malnourished 30% NA 15% (Underweight) (1988)Goal 2: Achieve Universal primary education Net PrimaryAchieve universal access to primary Enrolment ratio (%) 45.2% 83.6% 100% education by 2015 (1991/92)Goal 3: Promote Gender equality and Ratio of females toEmpower Women males in primary 0.92a. Eliminate gender disparity in primary and schools (%) 0.96 1.0 (2001/02)junior secondary education by 2009 Ratio of females to males in senior 0.62 NA 1.0 secondary school (1990) 20b. Achieve equal access for boys and girls to senior secondary by 2009 Percentage of female 44.7% enrolment in SSS (%) Na 1.0
  21. 21. Goal 4: Under-five MortalityReduce under-five mortality by two- Under-fivethirds by 2015 mortality Rate 119 NA (per 1000 live 53 (1993) births)Goal 5: Maternal MortalityReduce maternal mortality ratio by - Maternal mortalitythree-quarters by 2015 ratio (Institutional) (per 100,000 live 216 164 54 births) (1990) - Maternal mortality ratio (survey) (per 100,000 live 740 NA 185 births) (1990)Goal 6. Combat HIV/AIDS & Malaria HIV prevalencea. Halt and reverse the spread of Rate among HIV/AIDS by 2015 pregnant women 1.5%b. Halt and reverse the incidence of Under Five (1999) 1.5% <1.5% malaria Malaria case 3.7% NA - fatality (2002) 21 (Institutional)
  22. 22. SUMMARY ON PERFORMANCE Ghana is likely to achieve MDG 1 (poverty) but 2 out of 3 malnutrition indicators will be achieved MDG 2 : On Track MDG 3: Gender Parity (on track but GPI stagnated since 2006/7) MDG 4 & 5: 2015 target is unlikely to be met MDG 6: On Track MDG 7: Access to water (on track) but environment degradation, housing, etc remains a challenge MDG 8: Aid inflows have increased in norminal22
  23. 23. KEY CHALLENGESA major concern for Ghana now is how to sustain the progress the country has made so far while addressing the challenges/ emerging issues including disparities among geographical areas and socio- economic groups. Availability of up-to-date and accurate data. 23
  24. 24. WAY FORWARDThe NDPC will continue to:• Support the formulation of appropriate policies geared towards accelerating the achievement of the MDGs as well as sustaining the gains attained beyond 2015.• Facilitate inter-sectoral collaboration to bring together all agencies who are implementing pro-poor programmes as a means for harmonizing their interventions to increase coverage and enhance impact.• Assist and strengthen MDAs and MMDAs to monitor interventions at national as well as grass-roots levels to assess the impact of targeted interventions at achieving the MDGs. 24
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