L.O: To use our writing skills
to complete a practice essay
Examine the way Shelley presents power and
control in Ozymandias. You should focus on
his use of narrative, language ,structure and
you are writing something for each
area of the SMILE framework.
your points and analysis are linked
to the topic of power and control.
analysis should be the largest part of
your PEEAL paragraphs.
“Ozymandias,” Shelley’s famous poem, reveals the
impermanence of human achievement. The poem
describes a crumbling statue, a “colossal wreck” in the
form of a long-lost king. The reader of the poem is
thrice-removed from Ozymandias, as the speaker
relates a story he heard from a traveller who
encountered the statue in the desert. A plate beneath
the statue reads “Look on my works, ye Mighty, and
despair!” Though Ozymandias presumably means that
other mighty kings should despair at their inability to
match his strength, the statement ironically evokes
despair in the readers of the poem by reminding them
of the impermanence of human works.
The traveller describes the shattered statue,
abandoned to sink in the desert. He begins building
the image of the statue by emphasizing its size,
referring to it as “colossal” and “vast.” Early in the
poem, this description serves to create a sense of
the grandness of the statue and the story, but later
it will create the sense that even incredible
achievements will be lost to time. While the statue’s
face still conveys something of Ozymandias’s nature,
it, too, ultimately reinforces the impermanence of
human works. By describing the sculptor’s skill (“its
sculptor well that passion read”), the speaker begins
to build the “despair” central to the poem. Neither
the might of a king (Ozymandias) nor the skill of an
artist (the sculptor) allows the monument to survive
the test of time.
Beneath the statue, on the pedestal, a placard
reads “My name is Ozymandias, king of kings:/
Look on my works, ye Mighty, and despair!” When
dictating this placard, Ozymandias surely intended
to proclaim his might to anyone drawing near the
statue. The phrase “king of kings” demonstrates
that he was very powerful, perhaps more akin to an
emperor than the prince of a nation-state. The
imperative statement which commands others to
“despair!” has two meanings. It once implored his
subjects and enemies to dread his power, it now
implores the reader to despair at fleeting nature
of humanity. Through decay, time inverts this
statement to imply that no matter how powerful
you are, or how great your works, you will
eventually fade into obscurity.
Swap your work with the person next to you.
Highlight the points, evidence, analysis and
links to the theme of power and control in each
Remember for a high band response the
analysis should be the largest part of the
paragraph, they should be using the correct
terminology and they should always be linking
back to the question.
Use 2 stars and a wish to give them 2 positives
and one area for improvement.
SMILE to begin analysing the poem
Hawk Rising by Ted Hughes.
the poem for features.
will be using these as a starting point
for analysis in next lesson.
24th February 2014