Monday, 9th December
L.O: To explore and analyse different
types of language in Act 1 Scene 1 of the
Blank verse (Unrhymed verse usually
written in iambic pentameter)
Prose (normal unrhymed speech)
Rhyme in songs, prologues and epilogues,
masques and plays within plays.
plays would be
It was expected that
written in verse
Verse is normally written in iambic
Five stressed (/) syllables alternate
with five unstressed (X) syllables,
giving a ten-syllable line.
X / X / X / X / X /
I have done nothing but in care of thee
Iambic pentameter is similar to the human heart beat.
Dialogue in prose is less organised than that in
verse (blank or rhymed) which is an indication of
informality or lack of education.
It is not the preserve of characters of low status
(Noble characters also speak in prose on
Ariel will employ short lyrics, which we may
suppose (from other characters' responses) to be
sung or chanted, these often rhyme.
Forms of theatrical
Social standing and the formality or informality of the
occasion affects speech.
"Thee", "thou" and "thy" are familiar forms, while "you" is
Alonso is always addressed as "you". Only Caliban calls
Prospero "thee". When Prospero is testing Ferdinand, he
addresses him in the familiar "thee" form.
However, that the "you" form may be used to avoid
friendliness as much as out of respect. Children are
"thee" to their parents, but Miranda addresses Prospero
as "you". Amazingly, Ferdinand only once speaks directly
to his father, addressing him as "sir".
Act 1 Scene 1
What form does speech take in Act 1 scene 1?
Is there any variation between the characters?
What influences the language in this scene?
Write a PEE paragraph analysing the language in
Write one thing you have learnt today about
Shakespeare’s language and The Tempest