KUBLA KHAN (EXTRACT) SAMUEL TAYLOR COLERIDGE (1772-1834)In Xanadu did Kubla Khan A mighty fountain momently was forced;A stately pleasure-dome decree Amid whose swift half-intermitted burst Huge fragments vaulted like rebounding hail,Where Alph, the sacred river, ran Or chaffy grain beneath the threshers flail:Through caverns measureless to man And mid these dancing rocks at once and everDown to a sunless sea. It flung up momently the sacred river.So twice five miles of fertile ground Five miles meandering with a mazy motionWith walls and towers were girdled round: Through wood and dale the sacred river ran,And there were gardens bright with sinuous rills, Then reached the caverns measureless to man, And sank, in tumult to a lifeless ocean:Where blossomed many an incense-bearing tree; And mid this tumult Kubla heard from farAnd here were forests ancient as the hills, Ancestral voices prophesying war!Enfolding sunny spots of greenery. The shadow of the dome of pleasureBut oh! that deep romantic chasm which slanted Floated midway on the waves;Down the green hill athwart a cedarn cover! Where was heard the mingled measureA savage place! as holy and enchanted From the fountain and the caves. It was a miracle of rare device,As eer beneath a waning moon was haunted A sunny pleasure-dome with caves of ice!By woman wailing for her demon-lover!And from this chasm, with ceaseless turmoil seething,As if this earth in fast thick pants were breathing,
CONTEXT Samuel Coleridge 1772 – 1834 Coleridge is one of the most celebrated poets from the Romantic period. Coleridge wrote this piece in the period from 1797 to 1798. Coleridges inspiration for this poem was a drug- induced slumber caused by opium, perhaps why this poem is based the five human senses. The legend is that he dreamed over 300 lines but he was interrupted by „the man from Porlock‟ so the poem remains incomplete.
CONTENT The theme of nature is introduced at the beginning of the poem and is continued throughout, with references to rivers, water, dark, magical, unrealistic surroundings. The poem could be considered a metaphor for the way that Man tries to control Nature. A man-made paradise is annihilated and replaced with a “true” form of Nature in the form of a “pleasure-dome with caves of ice!”
MEANING Write a paragraph explaining the meaning of Dulcimer your section of the poem. You must be prepared to share your findings with the rest of the class.
LANG LIT ANALYSIS Get into six different groups. Each group need to analyse the features from the poem in the section they have been given. Use the relevant terminology and the cone framework to help you know what to look for in your area. You will be presenting your findings at the end of the lesson.
REVIEW Present your findings. Take notes to complete your analysis of this poem.