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8. chapter_5

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8. chapter_5

  1. 1. Symbolic events in Chapter 41. Jack is proud that he killed a pig and What is the symbolic is excited by the amount of blood significance of these events? there was What are they suggesting2. Ralph is bitter and to the reader? angry that they How are characters going missed a chance to change? of being rescued.3. Piggy’s glasses are Write a paragraph about broken by Jack each event and explain hitting him. what they signify for the future on the island.
  2. 2. ‘Lord of the Flies’by William Golding:Chapter 5Lesson Objectives:• to make comparisonsbetween chapters• to analyse language andconsider its effects
  3. 3. Chapter 5: Beast from Water Ralph remembers a more innocent time on the island, when they went exploring. He realises it is time to be serious and realistic – he cannot play at being a grown-up any more. He reflects how his tattered uniform and long hair show how far ‘standards’ have slipped on the island. He begins to appreciate Piggy and his logical way of thinking. At a meeting, he gets angry and takes control, the other boys are surprised by the change in him. Ralph reminds the boys of the need to be organised and how important the fire, water and shelters are to their survival. He acknowledges that some of the boys are frightened and says that they must talk about it if they are to deal with it.
  4. 4. The opening of chapter 5 The tide was coming in and there was only a narrow strip of firmbeach between the water and the white, stumbling stuff near the palmtrees. Ralph chose the firm strip as a path because he needed tothink; and only here could he allow his feet to move without having towatch them. Suddenly, pacing by the water, he was overcome withastonishment. He found himself understanding the wearisomeness of hislife, where every path was an improvisation and a considerable part ofone’s waking life was spent watching one’s feet. He stopped, facing thestrip; and remembering that first enthusiastic exploration as though itwere part of a brighter childhood, he smiled jeeringly. He turned andthen walked back towards the platform with the sun in his face. Thetime had come for the assembly and as he walked into the concealingsplendours of the sunlight he went carefully over the points of hisspeech. There must be no mistake about this assembly, no chasing theimaginary . . . . He lost himself in a maze of thoughts that were rendered vague byhis lack of words to express them. Frowning, he tried again. This meeting must not be fun, but business.
  5. 5. What does this reveal about Ralph’s character? This chapter represents an important turning point in Ralph’s character. If you got a question about Ralph’s character in the novel, you would be expected to comment on the changes in him and what triggered those changes. In order to succeed at this type of question, you must …  Show understanding of what he was like at the beginning  What caused him to change  What he was like at the end Forthe purposes of todays lesson, we will focus on what he was like at the beginning and what causes him to change
  6. 6. The change in Ralph’s character Ralph in Chapter 1  Ralph in Chapter 5  Childish – he runs  around like a  fighter jet  “fair hair”   “bright excited  eyes”   Reluctant to be leader – but the boys listen to him “You voted me for  Rude to Piggy chief. Now you do what I say.”
  7. 7. Treatment of the Littluns Ralph tries to rationalise what the Littluns are scared of and how they can deal with it …“We’ve got to talk about this fear and decide there’s nothing in it. I’mfrightened myself, sometimes; only that’s nonsense! Like bogies. Then,when we’ve decided, we can start again and be careful about things like the Jack has a different view …fire … and be happy.”“You littluns started all this with the fear talk. Beasts! Where from? Ofcourse we’re frightened sometimes but we put up with being frightened.Only Ralph says you scream in the night. What does that mean butnightmares? Anyway, you don’t hunt or build or help – you’re a lot of cry-babies and sissies. That’s what. And as for the fear – you’ll have to put upwith that like the rest of us… The thing is – fear cant hurt you any morethan a dream. There aren’t any beasts to be afraid of on this island …Serve you right if something did get you, you useless lot of cry-babies! Butthere is no animal –”
  8. 8. “We’ve got to talk about this fear and decide there’snothing in it. I’m frightened myself, sometimes; onlythat’s nonsense! Like bogies. Then, when we’ve decided,we can start again and be careful about things like the fire… and be happy.”  What can you say about this speech?  Do you think it will work on the Littluns?
  9. 9. “You littluns started all this with the fear talk. Beasts! Where from?Of course we’re frightened sometimes but we put up with beingfrightened. Only Ralph says you scream in the night. What does thatmean but nightmares? Anyway, you don’t hunt or build or help –you’re a lot of cry-babies and sissies. That’s what. And as for the fear– you’ll have to put up with that like the rest of us… The thing is – fearcant hurt you any more than a dream. There aren’t any beasts to beafraid of on this island … Serve you right if something did get you,you useless lot of cry-babies! But there is no animal –”  How does Jack’s speech differ from Ralph’s?  Do you think his speech will have more or less impact on the Littluns?  Which speech do you think is most powerful? Why?
  10. 10. “You littluns started all this with the fear talk. Beasts! Where from?Of course we’re frightened sometimes but we put up with beingfrightened. Only Ralph says you scream in the night. What does thatmean but nightmares? Anyway, you don’t hunt or build or help –you’re a lot of cry-babies and sissies. That’s what. And as for the fear– you’ll have to put up with that like the rest of us… The thing is – fearcant hurt you any more than a dream. There aren’t any beasts to beafraid of on this island … Serve you right if something did get you,you useless lot of cry-babies! But there is no animal –”  How does Jack’s speech differ from Ralph’s?  Do you think his speech will have more or less impact on the Littluns?  Which speech do you think is most powerful? Why?

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