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00000000 f9 be b4 d9 1d 01 00 00 01 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 |................|
00000010 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 0...
2008
2008
BofA buys struggling CountrywideJan 11
Fed forces sale of Bear StearnsMar 16
Lehman Brothers files for bankruptcySep 1...
A B
We have been solving for the wrong problem
instead of solving for trust
C
BA C
we should have been solving for integrity
We have been solving for the wrong problem
BA
maybe we don’t need trust
We have been solving for the wrong problem
“The root problem with conventional
currency is all the trust that’s required to
make it work…the history of fiat currencie...
What if?
New financial system built on integrity instead of trust…
What if?
New type of database with built-in integrity
What if?
Replicate it everywhere so everyone has a copy
What if?
All participants validate every change to the database
What if?
We created a tamper-proof audit log of all transactions.
Transactions
Transactions
Transactions
Transactions
January 3, 2009
A purely peer-to-peer version of electronic
cash would allow online payments to be sent
directly from one party to another...
A
A
A
B
B
A
A
C
B
Let’s combine the best of peer-to-peer…
Peer to Peer
No fees
Resilient
No single point of failure
Distri...
A
A
A
C
And the best of centralization…
C
A
A
A
B
B
B
Central Counterparty
Increased reliability
Reduced reconciliation
Si...
A
To create the best of both worlds…
A
A
C
C
A
A
A
B
B
B
Central Counterparty
A
A
B
B
A
A
C
B
Peer to Peer
A
B B A
C
A
A blockchain built on integrity
Blockchain Solution
C
A B
Alice wants to send money to Bob.
How does a blockchain work?
The transaction is posted to a block along
with other transactions.
A B C D E F
G H
M N
I J
O P
K L
Q R
The block is sent to all validators in the network
A B C D E F
G H
M N
I J
O P
K L
Q R
Node A
Node B
Node C
Node D
Node E
The network approves the valid transactions.
A B
N
C D E F
G H
M
I J
O P
K L
Q R
Node A
Node B
Node C
Node D
Node E
The block is added to the blockchain
A B
Block 432568
+ 10 Transactions
Block 432567
117 Transactions
Block 432566
Block 432568
+ 10 Transactions
Block 432567
117 Transactions
Block 432566
As the chain builds,
the transaction
becomes imm...
Block 432568
+ 10 Transactions
Block 432567
117 Transactions
Block 432566
Block 432569
112 Transactions
As the chain build...
Block 432568
+ 10 Transactions
Block 432569
112 Transactions
Block 432570
38 Transactions
As the chain builds,
the transac...
Block 432568
Block 432569
112 Transactions
Block 432570
38 Transactions
Block 432571
96 Transactions
As the chain builds,
...
Blockchain is…
..a technical tour-de-force
- Bill Gates
…a once in a generation opportunity
- PriceWaterhouseCoopers
…the ...
Annual Blockchain VC Funding (Millions)
2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
$2.13M
$95.05M
$362.53M
$499.08M
$718.00M
FINANCIAL
INDU$TRY
July 2014 Jan 2015 July 2015 Jan 2016
66% of Banks will adopt Blockchain by 2020
2014 2017 2020
0.00%
15.00%
66.00%
source: IBM Institute of Business Value surv...
Blockchain is not FinTech
It’s data management
A financial transaction is just a data type…
Bitcoin proved we can move data between
two non-trusting, anonymous parties.
A B
But what if we know the other party?
Factory Truck
But what if we know the other party?
Hospital Patient
But what if we know the other party?
Client Bank
That changes how we secure this
Client Bank
That changes how we identify these
Client Bank
That changes what we put here…
Client Bank?
and what we see here.
Block 432568
Block 432569
112 Transactions
Block 432570
38 Transactions
Block 432571
96 Transactions...
A
B B A
C
A
So whether the ledger secures currency
Blockchain Solution
C
$ $ $ $
A
B B A
C
A
So whether the ledger secures identities
Blockchain Solution
C
A
B B A
C
A
So whether the ledger secures information
Blockchain Solution
C
A
… it’s just a ledger
Blockchain Solution
A
Blockchain Solution
$ $
… and it’s all just data
A
B B A
C
A C
$ $
The power to unlock its potential rests with us…
finally.
Let’s Talk
hello@gem.co
gem.co
Please limit to internal use.
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The History of Blockchain - From Bitcoin to Shared Ledgers

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The invention of bitcoin and blockchain technology ushered in a new wave of networks that will impact data management across industries, beyond finance and currencies. To understand where this tech is going, you have to understand where it came from and how it works. Micah Winkelspecht, CEO and Founder of Gem, delivered this at Distributed Health in Nashville TN, Oct 3rd. visit www.gem.co

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The History of Blockchain - From Bitcoin to Shared Ledgers

  1. 1. 00000000 f9 be b4 d9 1d 01 00 00 01 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 |................| 00000010 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 |................| 00000020 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 3b a3 ed fd |............;...| 00000030 7a 7b 12 b2 7a c7 2c 3e 67 76 8f 61 7f c8 1b c3 |z{..z.,>gv.a....| 00000040 88 8a 51 32 3a 9f b8 aa 4b 1e 5e 4a 29 ab 5f 49 |..Q2:...K.^J)._I| 00000050 ff ff 00 1d 1d ac 2b 7c 01 01 00 00 00 01 00 00 |......+|........| 00000060 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 |................| 00000070 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 ff ff |................| 00000080 ff ff 4d 04 ff ff 00 1d 01 04 45 54 68 65 20 54 |..M.......EThe T| 00000090 69 6d 65 73 20 30 33 2f 4a 61 6e 2f 32 30 30 39 |imes 03/Jan/2009| 000000a0 20 43 68 61 6e 63 65 6c 6c 6f 72 20 6f 6e 20 62 | Chancellor on b| 000000b0 72 69 6e 6b 20 6f 66 20 73 65 63 6f 6e 64 20 62 |rink of second b| 000000c0 61 69 6c 6f 75 74 20 66 6f 72 20 62 61 6e 6b 73 |ailout for banks| 000000d0 ff ff ff ff 01 00 f2 05 2a 01 00 00 00 43 41 04 |........*....CA.| 000000e0 67 8a fd b0 fe 55 48 27 19 67 f1 a6 71 30 b7 10 |g....UH'.g..q0..| 000000f0 5c d6 a8 28 e0 39 09 a6 79 62 e0 ea 1f 61 de |..(.9..yb...a.| 000000ff FROM BITCOIN TO BLOCKCHAIN
  2. 2. 2008
  3. 3. 2008 BofA buys struggling CountrywideJan 11 Fed forces sale of Bear StearnsMar 16 Lehman Brothers files for bankruptcySep 15 Fed bails out AIG for $85BSep 16 Washington Mutual failsSep 25 Market crashes; system almost collapsesSep 29 Gov’t authorizes $700B for bank bailoutOct 3
  4. 4. A B We have been solving for the wrong problem instead of solving for trust C
  5. 5. BA C we should have been solving for integrity We have been solving for the wrong problem
  6. 6. BA maybe we don’t need trust We have been solving for the wrong problem
  7. 7. “The root problem with conventional currency is all the trust that’s required to make it work…the history of fiat currencies is full of breaches of that trust.” — Satoshi Nakamoto (creator of Bitcoin)
  8. 8. What if? New financial system built on integrity instead of trust…
  9. 9. What if? New type of database with built-in integrity
  10. 10. What if? Replicate it everywhere so everyone has a copy
  11. 11. What if? All participants validate every change to the database
  12. 12. What if? We created a tamper-proof audit log of all transactions. Transactions Transactions Transactions Transactions
  13. 13. January 3, 2009
  14. 14. A purely peer-to-peer version of electronic cash would allow online payments to be sent directly from one party to another without going through a financial institution.
  15. 15. A A A B B A A C B Let’s combine the best of peer-to-peer… Peer to Peer No fees Resilient No single point of failure Distributed power Freedom to innovate No large attack target
  16. 16. A A A C And the best of centralization… C A A A B B B Central Counterparty Increased reliability Reduced reconciliation Single connection Universal system of record Reduced complexity Transaction safety
  17. 17. A To create the best of both worlds… A A C C A A A B B B Central Counterparty A A B B A A C B Peer to Peer
  18. 18. A B B A C A A blockchain built on integrity Blockchain Solution C
  19. 19. A B Alice wants to send money to Bob. How does a blockchain work?
  20. 20. The transaction is posted to a block along with other transactions. A B C D E F G H M N I J O P K L Q R
  21. 21. The block is sent to all validators in the network A B C D E F G H M N I J O P K L Q R Node A Node B Node C Node D Node E
  22. 22. The network approves the valid transactions. A B N C D E F G H M I J O P K L Q R Node A Node B Node C Node D Node E
  23. 23. The block is added to the blockchain A B Block 432568 + 10 Transactions Block 432567 117 Transactions Block 432566
  24. 24. Block 432568 + 10 Transactions Block 432567 117 Transactions Block 432566 As the chain builds, the transaction becomes immutable.
  25. 25. Block 432568 + 10 Transactions Block 432567 117 Transactions Block 432566 Block 432569 112 Transactions As the chain builds, the transaction becomes immutable.
  26. 26. Block 432568 + 10 Transactions Block 432569 112 Transactions Block 432570 38 Transactions As the chain builds, the transaction becomes immutable.
  27. 27. Block 432568 Block 432569 112 Transactions Block 432570 38 Transactions Block 432571 96 Transactions As the chain builds, the transaction becomes immutable.
  28. 28. Blockchain is… ..a technical tour-de-force - Bill Gates …a once in a generation opportunity - PriceWaterhouseCoopers …the first native digital medium for value, just as the internet was the first native digital medium for information - Harvard Business Review
  29. 29. Annual Blockchain VC Funding (Millions) 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 $2.13M $95.05M $362.53M $499.08M $718.00M
  30. 30. FINANCIAL INDU$TRY
  31. 31. July 2014 Jan 2015 July 2015 Jan 2016
  32. 32. 66% of Banks will adopt Blockchain by 2020 2014 2017 2020 0.00% 15.00% 66.00% source: IBM Institute of Business Value survey
  33. 33. Blockchain is not FinTech It’s data management
  34. 34. A financial transaction is just a data type…
  35. 35. Bitcoin proved we can move data between two non-trusting, anonymous parties. A B
  36. 36. But what if we know the other party? Factory Truck
  37. 37. But what if we know the other party? Hospital Patient
  38. 38. But what if we know the other party? Client Bank
  39. 39. That changes how we secure this Client Bank
  40. 40. That changes how we identify these Client Bank
  41. 41. That changes what we put here… Client Bank?
  42. 42. and what we see here. Block 432568 Block 432569 112 Transactions Block 432570 38 Transactions Block 432571 96 Transactions G H M N I J O P K L Q R
  43. 43. A B B A C A So whether the ledger secures currency Blockchain Solution C $ $ $ $
  44. 44. A B B A C A So whether the ledger secures identities Blockchain Solution C
  45. 45. A B B A C A So whether the ledger secures information Blockchain Solution C
  46. 46. A … it’s just a ledger Blockchain Solution
  47. 47. A Blockchain Solution $ $ … and it’s all just data
  48. 48. A B B A C A C $ $ The power to unlock its potential rests with us… finally.
  49. 49. Let’s Talk hello@gem.co gem.co Please limit to internal use.

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