Chapter 8

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Chapter 8

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Chapter 8

  1. 1. Chapter 8 8G Four Terms Emily Ryan
  2. 2. Lavage <ul><li>Lavage is a medical procedure that involves cleaning or washing out a body organ </li></ul>
  3. 3. Types of Lavage <ul><li>Gastric Lavage </li></ul><ul><li>Bronchoalveolar Lavage </li></ul><ul><li>Bowel Lavage </li></ul><ul><li>Ear Lavage </li></ul>
  4. 4. Gastric Lavage <ul><li>This type is often referred to as stomach pumping </li></ul><ul><li>A tube is placed down the nose or mouth into the stomach and fluid is pushed in and sucked out </li></ul><ul><li>It is used to get rid of harmful chemicals or toxins in the stomach such as an alcohol or drug overdose </li></ul>
  5. 5. Bronchoalveolar Lavage <ul><li>This involves the insertion of a bronchoscope through the nose or mouth into the lung </li></ul><ul><li>Fluid is then pumped in and sucked out to be examined </li></ul><ul><li>Examination of the extracted fluid can help diagnose some types of lung diseases </li></ul>
  6. 6. Peritoneal Lavage
  7. 7. Bowel Lavage <ul><li>A Bowel lavage involves flushing the colon with liquids to remove any solids in preparation for the diagnostic colonoscopy procedure </li></ul>
  8. 8. Ear Lavage <ul><li>This technique makes use of a fluid filled syringe inserted at the meatus of the auditory canal </li></ul><ul><li>Used to remove cerumen (ear wax) Blockages </li></ul>
  9. 9. Anastomosis <ul><li>Anastomosis is the surgical connection of two organs or vessels </li></ul>
  10. 10. Common places for anastomosis <ul><li>Gastrointestinal tract </li></ul><ul><li>Blood Vessels </li></ul><ul><li>Urinary Tract </li></ul>
  11. 11. GI Anastomosis <ul><li>Performed when part of the tract needs to be removed due to infection, inflammation, or in gastric bypass surgeries </li></ul><ul><li>Eliminates infected portion and reconnects healthy portions </li></ul>
  12. 12. GI Anastomosis
  13. 13. Blood Vessels <ul><li>Artery-Vein- used during dialysis </li></ul><ul><li>Artery-Artery- give insurance that blood can reach capillary beds if one artery is or becomes blocked </li></ul>
  14. 14. Urinary Tract <ul><li>Radical Prostectomy </li></ul>
  15. 15. Urinary Tract <ul><li>Radical Cystectomy (removal of part of the bladder) </li></ul><ul><li>Radical Cystectomy </li></ul>
  16. 16. Cachexia <ul><li>Also known as wasting syndrome </li></ul>
  17. 17. Cachexia <ul><li>Cachexia is a loss of body mass due to disease. </li></ul><ul><li>Weight usually can not be restored even with adequate caloric intake </li></ul><ul><li>Common in patients with certain diseases and increases the likelihood the disease will lead to death </li></ul>
  18. 18. Cachexia <ul><li>Common in people suffering from the following diseases: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cancer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>AIDS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>COPD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CHF </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>TB </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Dental Extraction <ul><li>Removal of teeth </li></ul><ul><li>Also known as exodontia </li></ul>
  20. 20. Extraction <ul><li>Commonly performed in the following circumstances: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Overcrowding/Extra teeth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Impaction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Decay </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gum disease </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Preparation for orthodontics </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Overcrowding
  22. 22. Impaction
  23. 23. Decay
  24. 24. Gum Disease

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