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Kauffman Drutman Presentation

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02/09/2016

Published in: Government & Nonprofit
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Kauffman Drutman Presentation

  1. 1. Political Dynamism Lee Drutman A new approach to making government work again
  2. 2. Some problems
  3. 3. 10% 15% 20% 25% 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 Share of U.S. wealth held by the top 0.1%
  4. 4. 0.0 0.3 0.6 0.9 1.2 1890 1910 1930 1950 1970 1990 2010 Partisan polarization of U.S. House
  5. 5. A new reform approach
  6. 6. What’s wrong with the old reform approach?
  7. 7. “The Washington cartel is an alliance of career politicians in both parties and the lobbyists in this town”
  8. 8. “Returning to a government of, by, and for the people – not the billionaires and giant corporations.”
  9. 9. Policy entrepreneurs
  10. 10. How to make politics dynamic again
  11. 11. Congressional Elections • Open up campaigns by empowering small donors • Expand competition and party diversity through multi-member districts Interest Groups • Expand general-interest lobbying organizations Congressional staffing • Increase staff sizes and salaries in Congress Congressional organization • Decentralize power in Congress by expanding the role of committees and subcommittees
  12. 12. Congressional Elections • Open up campaigns by empowering small donors • Expand competition and party diversity through multi-member districts Interest Groups • Expand general-interest lobbying organizations Congressional staffing • Increase staff sizes and salaries in Congress Congressional organization • Decentralize power in Congress by expanding the role of committees and subcommittees
  13. 13. Congressional Elections • Open up campaigns by empowering small donors • Expand competition and party diversity through multi-member districts Interest Groups • Expand general-interest lobbying organizations Congressional staffing • Increase staff sizes and salaries in Congress Congressional organization • Decentralize power in Congress by expanding the role of committees and subcommittees
  14. 14. Congressional Elections • Open up campaigns by empowering small donors • Expand competition and party diversity through multi-member districts Interest Groups • Expand general-interest lobbying organizations Congressional staffing • Increase staff sizes and salaries in Congress Congressional organization • Decentralize power in Congress by expanding the role of committees and subcommittees
  15. 15. Congressional Elections • Open up campaigns by empowering small donors • Expand competition and party diversity through multi-member districts Interest Groups • Expand general-interest lobbying organizations Congressional staffing • Increase staff sizes and salaries in Congress Congressional organization • Decentralize power in Congress by expanding the role of committees and subcommittees
  16. 16. Congressional Elections • Open up campaigns by empowering small donors • Expand competition and party diversity through multi-member districts Interest Groups • Expand general-interest lobbying organizations Congressional staffing • Increase staff sizes and salaries in Congress Congressional organization • Decentralize power in Congress by expanding the role of committees and subcommittees
  17. 17. Congressional Elections
  18. 18. $250,000,000 $500,000,000 $750,000,000 $1,000,000,000 $1,250,000,000 $1,500,000,000 1974 1978 1982 1986 1990 1994 1998 2002 2006 2010 Total cost of U.S. Congressional elections
  19. 19. 10% 20% 30% 40% 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 Ticket−splitting among U.S. congressional districts
  20. 20. $250,000,000 $500,000,000 $750,000,000 $1,000,000,000 $1,250,000,000 $1,500,000,000 1974 1978 1982 1986 1990 1994 1998 2002 2006 2010 Total cost of U.S. Congressional elections
  21. 21. Small donor matching
  22. 22. Multi-member districts
  23. 23. Congressional Elections • Open up campaigns by empowering small donors • Expand competition and party diversity through multi-member districts Interest Groups • Expand general-interest lobbying organizations Congressional staffing • Increase staff sizes and salaries in Congress Congressional organization • Decentralize power in Congress by expanding the role of committees and subcommittees
  24. 24. Interest Groups
  25. 25. $0 $500,000,000 $1,000,000,000 $1,500,000,000 $2,000,000,000 $2,500,000,000 $3,000,000,000 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 Interest Business Diffuse Interests Unions Spending on Washington lobbying
  26. 26. Leveling up
  27. 27. Congressional Elections • Open up campaigns by empowering small donors • Expand competition and party diversity through multi-member districts Interest Groups • Expand general-interest lobbying organizations Congressional staffing • Increase staff sizes and salaries in Congress Congressional organization • Decentralize power in Congress by expanding the role of committees and subcommittees
  28. 28. Congressional Staff
  29. 29. 500 1000 1500 2000 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 chamber House Senate Congressional committee staffing levels, 1950−2010
  30. 30. More and more highly-paid staff
  31. 31. Congressional Elections • Open up campaigns by empowering small donors • Expand competition and party diversity through multi-member districts Interest Groups • Expand general-interest lobbying organizations Congressional staffing • Increase staff sizes and salaries in Congress Congressional organization • Decentralize power in Congress by expanding the role of committees and subcommittees
  32. 32. Congressional Organization
  33. 33. 0% 25% 50% 75% 100% 1989 1993 1997 2001 2005 2009 chamber House Senate Share of bills bypassing committee mark−ups
  34. 34. Let committees and subcommittees thrive
  35. 35. Congressional Elections • Open up campaigns by empowering small donors • Expand competition and party diversity through multi-member districts Interest Groups • Expand general-interest lobbying organizations Congressional staffing • Increase staff sizes and salaries in Congress Congressional organization • Decentralize power in Congress by expanding the role of committees and subcommittees
  36. 36. Congressional Elections • Open up campaigns by empowering small donors • Expand competition and party diversity through multi-member districts Interest Groups • Expand general-interest lobbying organizations Congressional staffing • Increase staff sizes and salaries in Congress Congressional organization • Decentralize power in Congress by expanding the role of committees and subcommittees
  37. 37. But is this feasible?
  38. 38. Political Dynamism
  39. 39. Political Dynamism Lee Drutman A new approach to making government work again

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