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History of Human Connectivity 2018 Edition

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A timeline of human history from pre-history to the present day, describing some of the key steps we have taken towards becoming digital humans and is part of the Emergent Code project by Anne McCrossan. This edition is updated from the original version published in 2015. It curates some of the most notable developments in our inter-relationship with technology through the ages to the present day. For more on the project, please visit www.emeregntcodechronicles.com or follow @emergecode.

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History of Human Connectivity 2018 Edition

  1. 1. The history of human connectivity, from prehistory to the present day. © 2018 Emergent Code Chronicles by Anne McCrossan. For more information visit www.emergentcodechronicles.com @emergecode @Annemcx @VisceralBiz
  2. 2. Understanding our chronology as a path to change >> © 2018 Emergent Code Chronicles by Anne McCrossan. For more information visit www.emergentcodechronicles.com @emergecode @Annemcx @VisceralBiz
  3. 3. Cave Paintings Ancient humans first 
 began to express themselves, evidenced in cave paintings. c 40,0000 B.C.E. State Formation The Fertile Crescent and its abundance of resources led to the earliest examples of state formation. c 3,500 B.C.E. First Tablets The Cuneiform, Dispilio and the Tărtăria were the first tablets and the earliest forms of recorded communication. c 3,500 B.C.E. World Map The first world map is recorded as coming from the Fertile Crescent in Babylon. c 600 B.C.E. Postal Service The Persian postal service that used couriers under the reign of Cyrus the Great, was the first information delivery system recorded. 500 B.C.E. In the beginning Early history Our Ancestral Lineage © 2018 Emergent Code Chronicles by Anne McCrossan. For more information visit www.emergentcodechronicles.com @emergecode @Annemcx @VisceralBiz
  4. 4. The Renaissance The gates to the Italian Renaissance opened up and Masaccio depicted human emotion in art. c 1425 C.E. The Printing Press The invention of the Gutenberg press heralded information for the masses and the spread of ideas. 1450 C.E. Power Protocols Machiavelli’s ‘The Prince’, was one of the earliest and most influential printed texts. 
 It defined power protocols for the next 
 500 years. 1532 C.E. 
 Metaphysics John Donne introduced the idea of virtual existences in his poetry, creating the beginnings of metaphysics. 1609 C.E. The Telegraph The invention of the telegraph meant information could be transmitted as a signal. 1760 C.E. The Renaissance Our Ancestral Lineage © 2018 Emergent Code Chronicles by Anne McCrossan. For more information visit www.emergentcodechronicles.com @emergecode @Annemcx @VisceralBiz
  5. 5. The Class System Debrett’s ‘Peerage’ and Adam Smith’s ‘Wealth of Nations’ define an industrial and social system. c 1769-1776 C.E. The Steam Engine James Watt and Matthew Bolton develop the first patents for the design of a steam engine. 1775 C.E. Rights of Man Thomas Paine writes ‘The Rights of Man’ after the French Revolution and the American Revolution, calling for mass power. 1791 C.E. 
 Computing Power Charles Babbage invents the ‘Difference Engine’ and writes ‘On the Economy of Machinery and Manufactures’. 1832 C.E. Photography William Fox Talbot develops the first photographic negative made in a camera. 1835 C.E. The Industrial Revolution Our Ancestral Lineage © 2018 Emergent Code Chronicles by Anne McCrossan. For more information visit www.emergentcodechronicles.com @emergecode @Annemcx @VisceralBiz
  6. 6. The Telephone The telephone is invented by Sir Alexander Graham Bell, the first person to successfully transmit 
 vocal sounds electromagnetically. 1876 C.E. Natural Sciences Charles Darwin writes ‘The Origin of the Species’ and proposes a general theory of evolution. 1859 C.E. The Pneumatic Post The pneumatic post was the first method used to carry information from one place to another remotely. 1861 C.E. Psychology The first faculty studying human behaviour is set up at Leipzig University by Wilhelm Wundt. 1879 C.E. Cinema Edwaerd Muybridge presents his stop motion studies at the Royal Institution in London in front of a sell-out audience. 1882 C.E. The Technical Revolution Our Ancestral Lineage © 2018 Emergent Code Chronicles by Anne McCrossan. For more information visit www.emergentcodechronicles.com @emergecode @Annemcx @VisceralBiz
  7. 7. Computing Code Alan Turing develops computing code with the invention of the Enigma machine at Bletchley Park during WW2. Radio Heinrich Rudolf Hertz demonstrates the transmission of radio waves through free space. 1887 C.E. Model T Ford Henry Ford invents the production line with the opening of his first car factory. 1908 C.E. Television John Logie Baird transmits a long-distance television image over 705 km of telephone line between London and Glasgow. 1927 C.E. 1940 C.E. Email MIT’s Comparative Time-Sharing System (CTSS) becomes the world’s first e-mail system. 1965 C.E. The Digital Revolution Our Ancestral Lineage © 2018 Emergent Code Chronicles by Anne McCrossan. For more information visit www.emergentcodechronicles.com @emergecode @Annemcx @VisceralBiz
  8. 8. Personal computing Microsoft and Apple launch within a year of one another and are the world’s first personal computer businesses. Arpanet Arpanet is the first operational packet switching network to implement TCP/IP. 1969 C.E. We go online Compuserve, the first major commercial online service, is created. 1969 C.E. The real thing Coca-Cola wants to ‘teach the world to sing’ and stages one of the first ever global marketing campaigns. 1971 C.E. 1975-6 C.E. Test tube life Louise Brown is born in the UK. She is 
 the first child to be conceived through 
 in-vitro fertilisation. 1978 C.E. Early Computing Our Ancestral Lineage © 2018 Emergent Code Chronicles by Anne McCrossan. For more information visit www.emergentcodechronicles.com @emergecode @Annemcx @VisceralBiz
  9. 9. First networks MUD and MUD 1 are the first Multi-User Domains. Usenet becomes the first worldwide Internet discussion Bulletin Board System (BBS). 1978-9 C.E. The first phase of sharing The Well, the world’s first online community begins in 1985, ListServ, automated mailing list management, is invented in 1986 and Internet Relay Chat (IRC) in August 1988. 1985-1988 C.E. Digital community Geocities and Firefly are two of the earliest examples of social networks, launched in 1994 & 1995. 1994-1995 C.E. The Birth of the Web E-commerce begins Aol, Amazon, Ebay and Yahoo are among the first businesses to cross the threshold from the Industrial age to the Digital age. 1995 C.E. Our Ancestral Lineage Birth of the Web Time Berners-Lee writes a paper: ’Information Management, A proposal’ about http protocols and hyperlinks to create the World Wide Web. It’s described as 
 ‘vague but exciting’. 1989 C.E. © 2018 Emergent Code Chronicles by Anne McCrossan. For more information visit www.emergentcodechronicles.com @emergecode @Annemcx @VisceralBiz
  10. 10. Crowdsourced knowledge Wikipedia launches in January 2001. It becomes 
 a publicly creditable and globally crowdsourced encyclopedia of knowledge. 1998 C.E. Here come the platforms Blogger, Napster, Stumble Upon and Eopinions emerge as early networks that enable individuals to publish and share content on the web. 1999 C.E. The human genome US President Bill Clinton and UK Prime Minister Tony Blair announce the creation of the first map of the human genome. 2000 C.E. 2001 C.E. DNA mapping The human genome project, mapping the full sequence of human DNA, is completed. 2003 C.E. Navigating the digital domain Our Ancestral Lineage Navigating the digital domain MoveOn becomes the first people powered digital democracy platform. Google develops search. 
 It will become one of the key ports of call on the internet. © 2018 Emergent Code Chronicles by Anne McCrossan. For more information visit www.emergentcodechronicles.com @emergecode @Annemcx @VisceralBiz
  11. 11. Social networks The first mass market 
 social networks are born. 
 Friendster is launched in 2002, followed by MySpace, Second Life, LinkedIn, Flickr and Delicious. 2002-4 C.E. Network as a nation Facebook launches in February 2004.Ten years later it’s the second most populated territory on the planet after China. 2004 C.E. Online diversification Digg, Ning and YouTube arrive as more examples of powerful networked platforms.They focus for sharing rich media and online community. 2004-2005 C.E. 2005 C.E. Cloud storage Amazon introduces AWS,the first storage service in the cloud. Twitter is launched too, with the phrase ‘just setting up my twttr’. 2006 C.E. The Rise of The Network Redefining power laws Tony Benn overwrites Machiavelli with his ‘5 
 Questions of Power’ 
 for political relationships 
 in a democratically
 networked age. Our Ancestral Lineage © 2018 Emergent Code Chronicles by Anne McCrossan. For more information visit www.emergentcodechronicles.com @emergecode @Annemcx @VisceralBiz
  12. 12. The iPhone Apple create the 
 iPhone, the world’s 
 first smartphone. 2007 C.E. Virtual currency Bitcoin becomes the world’s first virtual currency. It introduces the Blockchain, digitally distributed, encrypted technology. 2009 C.E. Maker culture Minecraft, an online open world game is launched. People can build their own environments. 2010 C.E. 2010 C.E. 3D Printing 3D printing, originally developed in 1984, 
 comes of age and 
 consumer devices are 
 available for mainstream adoption. 2010 C.E. Smart information Online curation Pinterest, Storify and Quora all launch; 
 Social networks curating verbal and visual knowledge 
 and information. Geolocation Foursquare is launched - the 
 world’s first geolocation-based social network. 2009 C.E. Our Ancestral Lineage © 2018 Emergent Code Chronicles by Anne McCrossan. For more information visit www.emergentcodechronicles.com @emergecode @Annemcx @VisceralBiz
  13. 13. Infowar Wikileaks release the Afghan and Iraq war logs, described as ‘the beginning of the information age exploding upon itself ’. 2010 C.E. Crowdfunding Kickstarter launches as 
 a crowdfunding platform. Amanda Palmer raises over $1million through fan support. 2011 C.E. 2012 C.E. One World Culture Artificial intelligence Siri becomes the world’s first mainstream intelligent personal assistant, available through the iPhone. 2011 C.E. Networked value Google+ and Empire Avenue launch. Condensed content Vine launches, to shortening attention spans around the world, bringing with it the emergence of a tl:dr digital culture. Universal language Psy’s video for ‘Gangnam style’ becomes the first video to reach over 1 billion views on YouTube. 2012 C.E. Our Ancestral Lineage © 2018 Emergent Code Chronicles by Anne McCrossan. For more information visit www.emergentcodechronicles.com @emergecode @Annemcx @VisceralBiz
  14. 14. Augmented reality Palmer Luckey invents Oculus Rift, an augmented reality headset. It debuts on Kickstarter in 2012, receiving $2.4 million. 2012 C.E. Wearable tech Google introduces Google Glass. Its interoperability with humans is modelled by Robert Scoble in the shower. 2013 C.E. PRISM revelations Edward Snowden makes information available about NSA surveillance in the US and around the world. 2013 C.E. 2014 C.E. Drone delivery Drones enable airborne image taking and dispatch.They are tested for Amazon and go on the Apple iStore. Augmented Humanity The selfie Ellen De Generes’ Oscars celebrity selfie becomes the most widely shared image in the history of online communication. 2014 C.E. Our Ancestral Lineage © 2018 Emergent Code Chronicles by Anne McCrossan. For more information visit www.emergentcodechronicles.com @emergecode @Annemcx @VisceralBiz
  15. 15. 2015 C.E. Three parent baby Abrahim Hassan becomes the first three person baby. He is created from his mum and dad plus other genetic code from a donor by Dr John Zhang. 2016 C.E. Free ranging robotics Boston Dynamics introduces Spot, a four legged robot able to move independently across a variety of terrains, followed by Atlas, a two legged version the following year. 2016 C.E. 2017 C.E. Triumphant AI Google DeepMind’s AlphaGo turns its attention to chess and shoji, having beaten Ke Jie, the world’s top human player of Go. As digital technology wraps itself around us and everything we do, where do we go next as digital humans? 
 
 It’s up to us. Augmented Humanity Recursive Intelligence AutoML, Google’s learning software, learns to write learning software, establishing a milestone in recursive intelligence. 2017 C.E. Our Ancestral Lineage Independent cells Craig Venter creates 
 JCVI-Syn 3.0 a synthetic 
 cell that contains 473 genes, the smallest genome of any known, independent organism. © 2018 Emergent Code Chronicles by Anne McCrossan. For more information visit www.emergentcodechronicles.com @emergecode @Annemcx @VisceralBiz
  16. 16. For more information about the Emergent Code project, please visit
 www.emergentcodechronicles.com and @emergecode © 2018 Emergent Code Chronicles by Anne McCrossan. For more information visit www.emergentcodechronicles.com @emergecode @Annemcx @VisceralBiz

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