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Calf Starter Qlf Presentation 08


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Published in: Health & Medicine, Technology

Calf Starter Qlf Presentation 08

  1. 1. Curtis Alderson Quality Liquid Feeds Starting Calves
  2. 2. Poor Immunity Depressed Intake Sickness Stress Shrink Challenges
  3. 3. S ick cattle don’t eat, Cattle that don’t eat get sick.
  4. 4. The step to overcome in a stressed or sick animal is stimulating feed intake. By Week 3, DMI for the entire feeding period can be predicted.
  5. 5. Water <ul><li>The most important nutrient in the diet </li></ul><ul><li>Clean Supply </li></ul><ul><li>may have concerns w/ contaminants </li></ul><ul><ul><li>sulfur, nitrates, TDS etc. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Goal of Starting Diets <ul><li>Stimulate feed intake </li></ul><ul><li>Stimulate rumen microbial growth </li></ul><ul><li>Stimulate an active immune system </li></ul>
  7. 7. Starting Diets <ul><li>Potentially lower intakes so calves need a nutrient dense diet. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Starting Diet: Energy <ul><li>Forage alone is not an adequate starting diet </li></ul><ul><li>Target energy level = 47 Mcal of NEg (DM basis) </li></ul><ul><li>Approximately 30% roughage and 70% ETOH byproducts, grain and supplement. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Starting Diet: Protein <ul><li>Higher protein levels are necessary </li></ul><ul><li>Sources should be palatable </li></ul><ul><li>Blends of natural protein and NPN </li></ul>
  10. 10. Nutrient Requirements for Stressed 500 lb calves <ul><ul><li>DMI 13-14 pounds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Crude Protein (12-15%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy 47 Mcal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Calcium 0.6-0.8 % </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Phosphorus 0.3-0.4 % </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vitamin A 25,000 IU/d </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vitamin E 400 IU/d </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Zinc 400 mg/d </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Copper 125 mg/d </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Starting Diet Concepts <ul><li>Highly palatable </li></ul><ul><li>Elevated Organic & inorganic forms of trace minerals: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Zn, Cu, K, Mn, Co, I, Se </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Elevated levels of Vitamins A & E </li></ul>
  12. 12. Vaccination Success <ul><li>Is dependant on the immune system to respond </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Immune system must have adequate protein, energy and vitamins & trace minerals </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Zinc higher levels, organic & inorganic <ul><li>Zn deficiency depresses immunity </li></ul><ul><li>Zn methionine (Zinpro) increased gain and decreased morbidity compared to controls </li></ul><ul><li>Zinc supplementation can improve gain of sick calves </li></ul>
  14. 14. Copper higher levels, organic & inorganic <ul><li>Copper deficiency depresses the immune system. </li></ul><ul><li>During stress, complexed copper increases absorption and retention of copper. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Potassium <ul><li>K is lost during shipping, </li></ul><ul><li>Receiving diets should contain 1.2 to 1.4% (DM) potassium (K) </li></ul><ul><li>Alfalfa hay - high K </li></ul><ul><ul><li>May contribute to scour or bloat problems </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. NutriStart & CoreStart <ul><ul><ul><li>Molasses based, highly palatable, smell attracts calves </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Liquid helps to condition dry diets </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Feeding rate 1-3 lbs. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Feedlot Diets
  18. 18. Feeding ETOH By-products Pricing <ul><li>Mod WDGS 13.5-15.5 X corn price </li></ul><ul><li>$5 corn = $75 ton mWDGS </li></ul><ul><li>$85 /.45= $189 t (dry matter) </li></ul><ul><li>x 0.85 = $ 161 t (corn as fed) </li></ul><ul><li>$0.08 x 56 = $4.50 bushel </li></ul>
  19. 19. Pro’s & Cons <ul><li>Pros </li></ul><ul><li>No starch, digestible fiber </li></ul><ul><li>Improves palatability </li></ul><ul><li>Source of by-pass protein, Phos, fat </li></ul><ul><li>Less foundering and acidosis </li></ul><ul><li>Cons </li></ul><ul><li>Handling </li></ul><ul><li>Storage losses </li></ul><ul><li>Delivery/availability </li></ul><ul><li>High sulfur </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mineral antagonist </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PEM (polio’s) </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Supplement Strategies <ul><li>High P requires higher Ca </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To prevent urinary calculi </li></ul></ul><ul><li>High S interacts w/: Zn, Cu, Se </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Thiamine for PEM? maybe </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mostly by-pass protein: some NPN supplies a readily available source of rumen ammonia. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Why liquid? <ul><li>Cadillac of mixing and staying dispersed. </li></ul><ul><li>Ease and accuracy of handling </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Push a button </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Once mixed, stays mixed. </li></ul><ul><li>Can lower dust. </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>$380 /ton R 650 </li></ul><ul><li>11.5 % Ca </li></ul><ul><li>2.5 -3.2 % inclusion </li></ul><ul><li>Cost / head 10-13 cents </li></ul><ul><li>$260/ ton R 400 </li></ul><ul><li>8 % Ca </li></ul><ul><li>5-7 % inclusion </li></ul><ul><li>Cost 13-16 cents </li></ul>
  23. 23. Country Partners <ul><li>Starters: Nutri-Start, Core-Start </li></ul><ul><li>Feedlot Co 20 </li></ul>