Presidents of America

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For my course of English, I had to make a presentation about an aspect of the USA.

Subject of our group : Presidency

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Presidents of America

  1. 1. USA TODAY: PRESIDENCY Hanne Van Bruggen, Joyce Van Dingenen and Elyse Desmicht
  2. 2. Presidency : Structure of the presentation <ul><li>The presidents of the USA </li></ul><ul><li>Functions </li></ul><ul><li>Presidential inauguration </li></ul><ul><li>Helpers </li></ul><ul><li>The White House </li></ul><ul><li>Presidential pets </li></ul><ul><li>Presidents and media </li></ul>
  3. 3. Presidential inauguration http:// www.youtube.com / watch ?v=OMTZ1AwmKRg
  4. 4. Presidential inauguration: What is an inauguration?
  5. 5. What is an inauguration? <ul><li>Formal ceremony at the beginning of a leader’s term of office. </li></ul><ul><li>Presidential inauguration : President takes the Oath of Office </li></ul><ul><li>~ coronation </li></ul><ul><li>Every four years </li></ul><ul><li>The 20th of January </li></ul><ul><li>Public holiday </li></ul>
  6. 6. Presidential inauguration: Events of the inauguration
  7. 7. Events <ul><li>All the actions and events are decided with great care. </li></ul><ul><li>Organized by “ The Joint Congressional Committee on Inaugural Ceremonies” </li></ul><ul><li>The oath of office </li></ul><ul><li>Other events: parades, balls, </li></ul><ul><li>speeches, … </li></ul>
  8. 8. The events <ul><li>1. The Oath of Office </li></ul><ul><li>2. Speech </li></ul><ul><li>3. Congressional luncheon </li></ul><ul><li>4. The Presidential Inauguration Parade </li></ul><ul><li>5. The Inauguration Balls </li></ul><ul><li>6. Prayer service </li></ul>
  9. 9. 1. Oath of office <ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xE0iPY7XGBo </li></ul><ul><li>“ I, do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will support and defend the Constitution of the United States against all enemies, foreign and domestic; that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the same; </li></ul><ul><li>that I take this obligation freely, </li></ul><ul><li>without any mental reservation </li></ul><ul><li>or purpose of evasion; </li></ul><ul><li>and that I will well and faithfully </li></ul><ul><li>discharge the duties of the office on which I am about to enter. So help me God.” </li></ul>
  10. 10. 1. Oath of Office <ul><li>President-elect is sworn in as new president </li></ul><ul><li>12 noon local time </li></ul><ul><li>United States Capitol </li></ul><ul><li>Administered by the Chief Justice of the USA </li></ul><ul><li>Four ruffles and flourishes + </li></ul><ul><li>“ Hail to the Chief” + 21-gun salute http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ruffles_and_Flourishes </li></ul>
  11. 11. 2. Speech <ul><li>The President gives his inaugural address </li></ul><ul><li>His vision + his goals </li></ul>
  12. 12. 3. Congressional luncheon <ul><li>Since 1953 </li></ul><ul><li>President + vice president are guests of honor </li></ul><ul><li>Immediatly after speech </li></ul><ul><li>Rare moment </li></ul>
  13. 13. 4. The Presidential inauguration Parade <ul><li>Since 1805 </li></ul><ul><li>From the Capitol to the White House </li></ul><ul><li>Coordinated by the Armed Forces </li></ul><ul><li>Musical units, marching bands, color guards, salute batteries and honor cordons </li></ul>
  14. 14. 5. Inauguration Balls <ul><li>Held in honour of the new president </li></ul><ul><li>P.e. : the Commander-in-Chief’s Inaugural Ball, the neighbourhood inaugural ball, … </li></ul>
  15. 15. 6. Prayer Service <ul><li>Special service at the Washington National Cathedral </li></ul><ul><li>Attended by the President, the vice-president and the First Lady </li></ul><ul><li>Dates back to G. Washington </li></ul>
  16. 16. White House
  17. 17. White House <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>History </li></ul><ul><li>Today </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lay-out </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Facts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public access </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. White House - Introduction <ul><li>official residence and principal workplace of the President of the US </li></ul><ul><li>built between 1792 and 1800 </li></ul><ul><li>located in Washington D.C. </li></ul>
  19. 19. White House - History <ul><li>July 1792 : architectural competition </li></ul><ul><li>=> James Hoban </li></ul><ul><li>Design influences </li></ul><ul><ul><li>North Portico : Leinster House (Ireland) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>South Portico : Château de Rastignac (France) </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. James Hoban’s drawing of the White House
  21. 21. White House (North Portico) – Leinster Ho use
  22. 22. White House (South Portico) – Château de Rastignac
  23. 23. White House - History <ul><li>October 1792 : construction </li></ul><ul><li>=> 8 years and 3 million dollars </li></ul><ul><li>1800 : ready for occupancy </li></ul><ul><li>Shortages </li></ul><ul><li>=> smaller building </li></ul><ul><li>Porous sandstone walls are painted </li></ul><ul><li>=> White House </li></ul>
  24. 24. White House - History <ul><li>1814 : set ablaze by British troops during the Burning of Washington (War of 1812) => reconstruction </li></ul><ul><li>1891 : building of East and West wing </li></ul><ul><li>1948 : White House in danger of collapse </li></ul><ul><li>=> Truman Reconstruction (internal steel frame) </li></ul><ul><li>1961 : Jacqueline Kennedy wants a historic redecoration => Kennedy Restoration </li></ul>
  25. 25. Earliest known photograph 1846
  26. 26. The Truman reconstruction
  27. 27. The Kennedy restoration - The Red Room
  28. 28. White House today <ul><li>No changes since Truman reconstruction and Kennedy restoration </li></ul><ul><li>The Presidential family can make some changes to their private quarters </li></ul><ul><li>Wheelchair-accessible </li></ul><ul><li>President can travel via helicopter </li></ul>
  29. 29. Helicopter access
  30. 30. White House – Lay-out
  31. 31. White House – Lay-out <ul><li>6 stories: two-story basement, Ground Floor, State Floor, Second and Third floor </li></ul><ul><li>The Executive residence houses the president's home, as well as rooms for ceremonies and official entertaining </li></ul><ul><li>The West wing houses the President’s office and the Cabinet Room </li></ul><ul><li>The East wing houses the First Lady’s office </li></ul>
  32. 32. Floor plan of White House State Floor
  33. 33. White House - Public access and security <ul><li>The White House is closed to visitors because of terrorism concerns </li></ul><ul><li>Pennsylvania Avenue is closed off </li></ul>
  34. 34. Presidential pets “ If you want a friend in Washington, then buy a dog.” ~Harry S. Truman~
  35. 35. Presidential pets <ul><li>Pushinka </li></ul><ul><li>Pauline </li></ul><ul><li>Nanny and Nanko </li></ul><ul><li>Dicky and the Grizzlies </li></ul><ul><li>The alligator </li></ul><ul><li>Bo </li></ul>
  36. 36. Pushinka <ul><li>Dog of JFK </li></ul><ul><li>Gift from Khrushnev </li></ul><ul><li>Descendant of Strelka </li></ul><ul><li>Accompanied by Charlie </li></ul><ul><li>Checked for spy devices </li></ul>
  37. 37. Pauline <ul><li>Cow of Wayne Taft </li></ul><ul><li>Last cow of the White House </li></ul><ul><li>Predecessor of Mooley Wooly </li></ul><ul><li>The President’s favourite pet </li></ul>
  38. 38. Nanny and Nanko <ul><li>The Goats of Abraham Lincoln </li></ul><ul><li>Accompanied by Jack , the turkey </li></ul>
  39. 39. Dicky and the grizzlies <ul><li>Pets of Thomas Jefferson </li></ul><ul><li>Dicky = mockingbird </li></ul><ul><li>Grizzlies = gift from two explorers </li></ul><ul><li>=> lived on the South Lawn </li></ul><ul><li>=> donated to Wilson </li></ul><ul><li>Peale’s museum </li></ul>
  40. 40. The alligator of J.Q. Adams <ul><li>Gift from the Marquis de Lafayette </li></ul><ul><li>Lived in the bathtub of the East Room </li></ul>
  41. 41. Bo <ul><li>Dog of Barack Obama </li></ul><ul><li>Portugese water dog </li></ul><ul><li>Gift to his daughters Malia and Sasha </li></ul>
  42. 42. Media and entertainment
  43. 43. Media <ul><li>A history of communication </li></ul><ul><li>Media is a hallmark of a successful presidency </li></ul><ul><li>“ The Great Communicator” </li></ul>
  44. 44. Entertainment <ul><li>To express opinions about presidents </li></ul><ul><li>Cartoons, films, plays, records, television programs </li></ul><ul><li>To advertise products </li></ul><ul><li>Streets named after </li></ul><ul><li>presidents </li></ul>
  45. 45. The End

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