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Genealogy in the Sun
I’m Stuck
Ideas for Climbing Brick Walls
Else Churchill
Society of Genealogists
14 Charterhouse Build...
Developing Research Strategies
• Identify the gaps
• Where is the missing information?
• How do I access it?
• What are my...
Vital Questions?
• Who?
• What are you looking
for?
• Where ?
• When
• Why are you stuck?
• Type of person –
Aglab or Lord...
Where did your ancestors live?
• County
sources
• Local sources
• Parish
registers
• Monumental
Inscriptions
• Census
Inde...
Parish &Topographical Maps
Widening the search
1. The “ripple method”
2. “Any port in a storm”
Indexes
• Broad coverage – national,
countywide
• Census
• Marriage
• Burials
• IGI/FamilySearch
• County Lists of names– ...
Census Name Indexes
all published
and most online indexes at SoG
• Ancestry 1841-1911
• Findmypast/Genes
Reunited 1841-191...
9
10
John Beckham = Mary….
b1846 b1850
Scavenger
William Beckham =
b1870
Carman
Sarah…
b1873
m ca 1891
Artificial Florist
Ma...
1911 William Churchill b BroadOak
12
William Churchill b Herefordshire
• 1901 (Wm jr living in Tredegar) Broad Oak
• 1901 (Wm jr living in Tredegar) Herefordshire
• 1901 (Wm jr in Tredegar) Bro...
Index search tips
less is more – you may not need to complete all the
boxes
be aware of transcription errors
can you use c...
18
Births, Marriages & Deaths
FreeBMD
Try Local Registry Offices
some on line
Parish Registers
• Baptisms
• Marriages
• Burials
From 1538 in England &
Wales
From c 1660 in Scotland
Originals in local ...
Check the original
Family Search – search parish batch number
24
The National Burial Index
& Findmypast
Nonconformity?
• No baptisms in parish where parents
married?
• Nonconformists could only marry in
Anglican church 1754-18...
Localisation
A practical exercise
Francis Fewell m. 1861
1861 Census Hope Place
indexed under Quell!
Marriage Indexes
• SoG’s Boyd’s
Marriage Index on
British Origins
covers marriages
in most Essex
Parishes
Boyd’s Marriage Index
FEWEL etc
Plot entries on a map
or use parish locator
How did your ancestors marry?
• By banns?
• Separate banns books
from 1754
• Banns called in both
parishes
• Tells you whe...
Allegation
Faculty Office
Marriage
Licence
Allegation
Places free of the Bishop of London
• St James Dukes Place (1664 -1691 =
40,000 marriages) nb in 1686 the
rector of St Jam...
Liberty of the Fleet
Fleet Marriage Registers
Licensed Clandestinity?
• Surrogates issued with blank licences from
the Diocesan Registry notoriously abused
their positi...
Vicar of Tong’s penance for clandestine marriage
“Dishonoured my ministry by a
constant & habitual course &
practice of ma...
Marriage search strategy
Registers
• PR where child baptised
• PR of mother’s family parish
• PR of father’s family parish...
The Lure of London
• Records at LMA &
Guildhall being
indexed onto
Ancestry.co.uk
• Special Collections at
The Society of
...
Boyd’s Inhabitants of London
Pre 1800
What did they do?
Who What Where & When?
No list of ag labs!
People move for jobs
Craftsmen once regulated
More mobile & less skilled = fewe...
Apprenticeship Records
• Apprentices of Great Britain 1710-
1774
• City of London Apprenticeships
• Crisp & Clench Collect...
Apprentices of Great Britain 1710-1774
IR 1 tax records @TNA indexed by Ancestry
Exemptions
Families, Poor law & Local Cha...
London City Apprenticeships
Parish Apprenticeships
in parish chest records at CROs
Borough Freemen
• Apprenticeship
• Matrimony
• Patrimony
• Redemption
• Bristol, Canterbury,
Coventry, York etc
Bristol Freemen
Bristol Apprentices
Directories of Cornwall at SoG
• 1783 Bailey’s western
directory
• 1797 Universal British
trade directory
• 1823 & 1830 Pi...
Search Directories on line
www.historicaldirectories.org
Poll Books• Act of 1696
introduced
published poll
books designed to
prevent fraud
showing how
electors had voted.
Returnin...
Genealogy of the Submerged
Records of the Old and New
Poor Laws
• Settlement Examinations
• Settlement Certificates
• Remo...
The Settlement examination of William
Bridge, a militia man in the Sussex
Regiment of Militia taken upon oath the 4th
Febr...
Settlement Certificate of Daniel Martin
Daniel Martin,
His wife Winifred,
Children William &
Daniel
Issued by Fordingbridg...
Removal of Mary Hall
Removed from
Woodbridge in Suffolk to
Elham in Norfolk –
presumably her place of
birth – along with h...
Evidence only becomes proof
through a reasoned and logical
analysis and an argument capable of
convincing others that the ...
Genealogical Proof Standard
• A reasonably exhaustive search for all pertinent
information (Have I searched hard enough?)
...
Genealogy in the  Sun 2014  Else Churchill   I'm Stuck
Genealogy in the  Sun 2014  Else Churchill   I'm Stuck
Genealogy in the  Sun 2014  Else Churchill   I'm Stuck
Genealogy in the  Sun 2014  Else Churchill   I'm Stuck
Genealogy in the  Sun 2014  Else Churchill   I'm Stuck
Genealogy in the  Sun 2014  Else Churchill   I'm Stuck
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Genealogy in the Sun 2014 Else Churchill I'm Stuck

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Genealogy in the Sun 2014
Else Churchill
I'm Stuck

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Genealogy in the Sun 2014 Else Churchill I'm Stuck

  1. 1. Genealogy in the Sun I’m Stuck Ideas for Climbing Brick Walls Else Churchill Society of Genealogists 14 Charterhouse Buildings Goswell Road London EC1M 7BA www.sog.org.uk
  2. 2. Developing Research Strategies • Identify the gaps • Where is the missing information? • How do I access it? • What are my priorities? • Determine the logical and practical order
  3. 3. Vital Questions? • Who? • What are you looking for? • Where ? • When • Why are you stuck? • Type of person – Aglab or Lord of the manor? • Baptism, Marriage or Burial? • Parish, county, country, world? • 16th-20th centuries? • Too many or too few possibilities
  4. 4. Where did your ancestors live? • County sources • Local sources • Parish registers • Monumental Inscriptions • Census Indexes • Directories & Poll Books
  5. 5. Parish &Topographical Maps
  6. 6. Widening the search 1. The “ripple method” 2. “Any port in a storm”
  7. 7. Indexes • Broad coverage – national, countywide • Census • Marriage • Burials • IGI/FamilySearch • County Lists of names– eg Directories, Poll Books, Taxes, Wills …
  8. 8. Census Name Indexes all published and most online indexes at SoG • Ancestry 1841-1911 • Findmypast/Genes Reunited 1841-1911 • BritishOrigins 41, 61, 71 • The Genealogist • 1911census.co.uk • Familysearch • Free Cen • Local FHS
  9. 9. 9
  10. 10. 10 John Beckham = Mary…. b1846 b1850 Scavenger William Beckham = b1870 Carman Sarah… b1873 m ca 1891 Artificial Florist Martha Mary John William Edward Bertha James b1892 b1897 b1898 b1900 b1902 b1905 b 1906 Dressmaker David Beckham’s GtGtGt Grandfather
  11. 11. 1911 William Churchill b BroadOak
  12. 12. 12 William Churchill b Herefordshire
  13. 13. • 1901 (Wm jr living in Tredegar) Broad Oak • 1901 (Wm jr living in Tredegar) Herefordshire • 1901 (Wm jr in Tredegar) Broad Oak • 1891 (Wm Sr in Broad Oak,St Weonard) Herefordshire S • 1881 (Wm jr in Llanvihangel, Mon) Herefordshire Broad Oak • 1871 & 1861 (Wm sr & jr Living St Weonards) Herefordshire St Weonard • 1851 (Wm sr Living Llangatttock) Herefordshire St Weonard • 1841 (James in St Weonard) • 1841 William Church aged 15? Son of James? William Churchill (1858-1924) s/o William Churchill (1825-1905) s/o James (1775-1845)
  14. 14. Index search tips less is more – you may not need to complete all the boxes be aware of transcription errors can you use character replacements? first letters are often misread abbreviated forenames may not come up search under forename, age, place of birth etc. rather than surname enumerators made errors too! search all indexes available – results can differ local expertise may recognise local names and places better don’t always rely on indexes!!
  15. 15. 18 Births, Marriages & Deaths
  16. 16. FreeBMD
  17. 17. Try Local Registry Offices some on line
  18. 18. Parish Registers • Baptisms • Marriages • Burials From 1538 in England & Wales From c 1660 in Scotland Originals in local record offices Copies at SoG Many indexed on IGI on FamilySearch.org which does not include burials in its 700m names
  19. 19. Check the original
  20. 20. Family Search – search parish batch number 24
  21. 21. The National Burial Index & Findmypast
  22. 22. Nonconformity? • No baptisms in parish where parents married? • Nonconformists could only marry in Anglican church 1754-1837 (Jews & Quakers exempt) • Biblical names • Many records on IGI & BVI & BMD Registers.co.uk. At TNA in RG4 - RG8 • Quakers RG6 (not on IGI) see Quaker Digests
  23. 23. Localisation A practical exercise
  24. 24. Francis Fewell m. 1861
  25. 25. 1861 Census Hope Place indexed under Quell!
  26. 26. Marriage Indexes • SoG’s Boyd’s Marriage Index on British Origins covers marriages in most Essex Parishes
  27. 27. Boyd’s Marriage Index FEWEL etc
  28. 28. Plot entries on a map or use parish locator
  29. 29. How did your ancestors marry? • By banns? • Separate banns books from 1754 • Banns called in both parishes • Tells you where the other party lived • By licence? • 3 Documents issued • Bond • Allegation • Licence • The production of a licence does not prove that a marriage took place
  30. 30. Allegation
  31. 31. Faculty Office Marriage Licence Allegation
  32. 32. Places free of the Bishop of London • St James Dukes Place (1664 -1691 = 40,000 marriages) nb in 1686 the rector of St James Dukes Place was suspended for three years for marriages without banns or licence • Holy Trinity Minories • Tower of London • The Mint • Liberties of the Fleet Prison – Taverns, alehouses and brandy shops –See also list of chapels in J S Burn Registrum Ecclesiae Parochialis The History of the Parish Registers of England 1842 and History of the Fleet Marriages
  33. 33. Liberty of the Fleet
  34. 34. Fleet Marriage Registers
  35. 35. Licensed Clandestinity? • Surrogates issued with blank licences from the Diocesan Registry notoriously abused their position. St Boltoplh Aldgate curate empowered to grant grant licences for the Bishop of London • Licences to marry in “foreign” [distant] churches – E.G. William Sweetapple Rector of Fledborough in Nottingham • 1712-28 6 marriages in parish • 1728-54 488 marriages by licence.
  36. 36. Vicar of Tong’s penance for clandestine marriage “Dishonoured my ministry by a constant & habitual course & practice of marrying all sorts of people both of my own and other parishes … Without banns or licence” Consistory Court of Canterbury
  37. 37. Marriage search strategy Registers • PR where child baptised • PR of mother’s family parish • PR of father’s family parish • Immediate neighbouring parishes • Foreign marrying parishes? Finding aids • IGI • County Marriage Indexes • Boyd’s Marriage Index/Pallot Marriage Index Try London • Vicar General/Faculty Office Marriage Licences • Bishop of London & Lower Court Marriage Licences • Pallot (London 1800-37) & Boyd pre 1754 • Fleet Registers
  38. 38. The Lure of London • Records at LMA & Guildhall being indexed onto Ancestry.co.uk • Special Collections at The Society of Genealogists • Some on British Origins • see also My Ancestors were Londoners
  39. 39. Boyd’s Inhabitants of London
  40. 40. Pre 1800 What did they do?
  41. 41. Who What Where & When? No list of ag labs! People move for jobs Craftsmen once regulated More mobile & less skilled = fewer records Self employed easier to trace
  42. 42. Apprenticeship Records • Apprentices of Great Britain 1710- 1774 • City of London Apprenticeships • Crisp & Clench Collection (original indentures) • Local borough Freemen & Apprentices • Local parish/poor law apprenticeships
  43. 43. Apprentices of Great Britain 1710-1774 IR 1 tax records @TNA indexed by Ancestry Exemptions Families, Poor law & Local Charities
  44. 44. London City Apprenticeships
  45. 45. Parish Apprenticeships in parish chest records at CROs
  46. 46. Borough Freemen • Apprenticeship • Matrimony • Patrimony • Redemption • Bristol, Canterbury, Coventry, York etc
  47. 47. Bristol Freemen
  48. 48. Bristol Apprentices
  49. 49. Directories of Cornwall at SoG • 1783 Bailey’s western directory • 1797 Universal British trade directory • 1823 & 1830 Pigot’s directories • 1840 Robson’s directory • 1852 Slater’s directory • 1856, 1873 & 1889 Kelly’s directories • 1890, 1895 & 1900 Eyre’s Plymouth & Devonport district directories • 1893 & 1897 Kelly’s directories • 1901 Venning’s east Cornwall directory • 1902, 1906, 1910, 1919, 1923, 1930 & 1939 Kelly’s directories
  50. 50. Search Directories on line www.historicaldirectories.org
  51. 51. Poll Books• Act of 1696 introduced published poll books designed to prevent fraud showing how electors had voted. Returning officers allowed printers to publish poll books commercially The Poll for the Knights of the Shire to represent the county of Leicestershire 1775
  52. 52. Genealogy of the Submerged Records of the Old and New Poor Laws • Settlement Examinations • Settlement Certificates • Removal Orders • Bastardy Bonds • Post 1834 Workhouse admissions and punishment registers Found in local county record offices
  53. 53. The Settlement examination of William Bridge, a militia man in the Sussex Regiment of Militia taken upon oath the 4th February 1779. “This examination saith that he was born in the parish of Childeridge in the County of Essex.That upon new michelmas day in the year 1776 he bargained with Mrs. Beard of Frittenden in the County of Kent for a year from the Old Michaelmas day following being allowed one day for holiday for eight guineas wages. That he accordingly served him a full year in Frittenden & rec’d his wages agreed for and then bargained again with his said Master for another year but served only eight days since which he hath not done any act to gain a legal settlement else where.”
  54. 54. Settlement Certificate of Daniel Martin Daniel Martin, His wife Winifred, Children William & Daniel Issued by Fordingbridge (Hants) Sent to Mereworth (Kent) Overseers acknowledge he is settled in Fordingbridge Certificates in both Winchester & Maidstone ROs
  55. 55. Removal of Mary Hall Removed from Woodbridge in Suffolk to Elham in Norfolk – presumably her place of birth – along with her two bastard children
  56. 56. Evidence only becomes proof through a reasoned and logical analysis and an argument capable of convincing others that the conclusion is valid Quality not Quantity!!!
  57. 57. Genealogical Proof Standard • A reasonably exhaustive search for all pertinent information (Have I searched hard enough?) • A complete and accurate citation to the source of each item used (Can someone else repeat this?) • Analysis of the collected information's quality as evidence (Does my theory hold up to scrutiny?) • Resolution of any conflicting or contradictory evidence (Don’t delude yourself) • Arrive at a soundly reasoned, coherently written conclusion (Make sense)

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