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  1. 1. N arrative Theory
  2. 2. • Narrative - A chronological sequence of events; spoken or written
  3. 3. Vladamir Propp• He was a Soviet formalist scholar who analyzed the basic plot of Russian folk tales, in order to identify their simplest narrative elements.
  4. 4. His narrative structure• He broke up fairy tales into sections, therefore easier to define the tale into a series of sequences that occurred within the Russian fairy tale. He used this method to decipher Russian folklore and fairy tales. After the initial situation is depicted, the tale will take a sequence of 31 different functions.
  5. 5. • He suggests that there are a limited number of character types that share a function.• When an audience read a media text it deploys its knowledge of these character types in order to decode the meaning of the text.
  6. 6. • He also concluded that all the characters could be resolved into 8 broad types:• The villain• The dispatcher• The helper• The princess• Her father• The donor• The hero• The false hero
  7. 7. • Propps approach has been criticized for removing all verbal considerations from the analysis, even though the folktales form is almost always oral, and also all considerations of tone, mood, character, and anything that differentiates one fairy tale from another.