Gestational diabetes


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Gestational diabetes

  1. 1. By: Patrick Perche, Elizabeth Kelley, and Jamie Horne
  2. 2. What isgestational diabetes?•A type ofdiabetes thatwomen getduringpregnancy.• Pregnancyhormones canblock insulinfrom doing itsjob.
  3. 3. Insulin A hormone that lowers the level of glucose in the blood. Made by the beta cells of the pancreas and released into the blood when the glucose level goes up.
  4. 4. Who is affected? Women during pregnancy 1 in 5 pregnant women have gestational diabetes More common in pregnant women over the age of 25 More likely in Hispanic, Black, Native American, or Asian women More likely in overweight/obese mothers The child can also be affected
  5. 5. Causes Older than 25 when you are pregnant Gave birth to a baby that weighed more than 9 pounds Baby has a birth defect High blood pressure Too much amniotic fluid Previous unexplained miscarriage or stillbirth Overweight before pregnancy Family history of diabetes
  6. 6. Symptoms Usually there are no symptoms, or the symptoms are very mild. However symptoms may include: -Blurred vision -Fatigue -Frequent infections, including those of the bladder, vagina, and skin -Increased thirst -Increased urination -Nausea and vomiting -Weight loss despite increased appetite
  7. 7. How do you KNOW? Usually starts about halfway through pregnancy All pregnant women should receive an oral glucose tolerance test -Oral glucose tolerance test: laboratory method to check how the body breaks down (metabolizes) sugar. Once diagnosed, test glucose at home by pricking your finger with a glucose reading machine.
  8. 8. Monitoring Blood Sugar Levels The goal of monitoring is to keep your blood sugar as close to normal as possible. These ranges include: Time of Test Target Blood Sugar Reading Before Breakfast Plasma: below 105. Whole blood: below 952 Hours after Meals Plasma: below 95. Whole blood: below 120
  9. 9. Treatment Watching your Baby  Diet and Exercise -check size and health of -eat a well planned diet baby through ultrasound to have the right balance and nonstress tests of proteins, fats, and -nonstress test: machine carbs hears and displays baby’s -exercise allows your heart rate and compares body to use glucose pattern of heartbeat to without extra insulin movements
  10. 10. Expectations Most are able to control the disease and avoid harm to themselves and their baby Larger babies at birth Birth injury because of large size Delivery by c-section Baby is more likely to have hypoglycemia (periods of low blood sugar) during the first few days of life
  11. 11. How will it affect your baby? If your baby is too overweight, it can lead to macrosomia -macrosomia: “big baby syndrome”; fetus is abnormally large Overweight in childhood and adulthood Chances if jaundice are increased
  12. 12. Complications Delivery-related complications due to the infants large size Development of diabetes later in life Increased risk of newborn death and stillbirth Low blood sugar or illness in the newborn
  13. 13. Prevention Beginning prenatal care Knowing the risk factors Prenatal screening at 24-28 weeks pregnant Losing weight before getting pregnant
  14. 14. Nutrition Basics for Women with Gestational Diabetes•3 small meals and 2-3small snacks•Less carbs at breakfast•Choose foods high infiber•Choose foods with lesssugar and fat•Drink 8 cups of liquidper day•Get enough vitaminsand minerals
  15. 15. Sources Storck, S. (2011, October 12). Gestational diabetes: Glucose intolerance during pregnancy. Retrieved from Definition of Insulin. (2010, July 25). Retrieved from Health and Pregnancy. Gestational diabetes- Treatment Overview. (2011, March 7) Retrieved from overview Marin, Lucian (2008,November) Retrieved from Kassir, Kari (2011, September) Macrosomia. Retrieved from Wooley, Elizabeth (2001, November 1) Nutritional Basics for Women with Gestational Diabetes. Retrieved from diet.html WebMD (2005-2012) Pregnancy and Gestational Diabetes. Retrieved from American Diabetes Association (1995-2012) Gestational Diabetes. Retrieved from onal&gclid=CPToudaCt64CFQpU7AodfV2enw