2. What is
Accessibility – Accessibility is defined as a "word
used to describe whether a product can be used by
people of all abilities." - Microsoft Accessibility
Disability – Disability is defined as "a mismatch in
interaction between the features of a person's
body and the features of the environment in which
they live.“- Microsoft Accessibility Fundamentals
3. Why is it important?
Missing a lot of
According to the
CDC, around 26% of
Americans have some
form of disability. So
around 1 in 4.
increased by 181%
between 2017 and 2018
The costs of the lawsuits
can be staggering, both
in terms of financial cost
and loss of public image.
Helps eveny one
improvements end up
helping a wider
audience than they were
originally designed for.
Improve access to
Because it is the right
thing to do.
Not doing so is:
• Pushes people into
• Can increase spread
• Improves peoples’
ability to be active
participants in society
Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG)
Separated into 3 levels: A, AA, and AAA
Separated into 4 basic principles: Perceivable, Operable, Understandable, and
Robust. These are often shortened to POUR.
Created by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). Serves as the basis for most
development and Accessibility standards worldwide.
“The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) prohibits discrimination against people with
disabilities in several areas, including employment, transportation, public accommodations,
communications and access to state and local government’ programs and services. As it
relates to employment, Title I of the ADA protects the rights of both employees and job
seekers. The ADA also establishes requirements for telecommunications relay services. Title
IV, which is regulated by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC), also requires
closed captioning of federally funded public service announcements.” – US Department of
Signed into law July 26, 1990 by George H.W. Bush.
Meant for general overall public Accessibility access.
Has some sections for more specific areas like employment.
9. Section 508
“Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act (29 U.S.C. § 794d) requires federal agencies
to develop, procure, maintain or use Information and Communications
Technology (ICT) that is accessible to people with disabilities – regardless of
whether or not they work for the federal government.” – EPA.gov
Section508 generally applies to groups providing government funded services,
government contractors, and government departments.
Also often paired with Section 255 of the Communications Act.
11. Tools and Resources
WebAIM offers a lot of tools and documentation for testing Accessibility including a browser extension.
Accessibility Insights is a tool set offered by Microsoft for testing Accessibility in Android apps, Websites, and
There are also built in Accessibility checkers in the Office 365 web and desktop applications, which offer similar
Deque’s Axe tool, which is what the Accessibility tools in Google Chrome are built from.
CorgiDev Accessibility Resources and Information
American Printing House for the Blind
Microsoft’s Accessibility Fundamentals Course
Microsoft Accessibility (@MSFTENable) on Twitter
“A disability is any condition of the body or mind (impairment) that makes it more difficult for the person with the condition to do certain activities (activity limitation) and interact with the world around them (participation restrictions).” – CDC
AT is any item, piece of equipment, software program, or product that is used to increase, maintain, or improve the functional capabilities of people with disabilities (ATIA)* - Microsoft
Sources for statistics include:
CDC - https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/disabilityandhealth/infographic-disability-impacts-all.html
Kentucky Specific: https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/disabilityandhealth/impacts/pdfs/Kentucky_Disability.pdf
Essential Accessibility - https://www.essentialaccessibility.com/blog/web-accessibility-lawsuits/
3Play Media - https://www.3playmedia.com/2019/06/12/2018sweb-accessibility-lawsuits/#:~:text=The%20Truth%20Behind%202018%27s%20Massive%20Increase%20in%20Web%20Accessibility%20Lawsuits,-June%2012%2C%202019&text=From%202017%20to%202018%2C%20web,a%20wakeup%20call%20for%20companies.
When things are not accessible it can lead to people feeling and being isolated, cause them to not have access to the same opportunities, etc.
It can cause them to have trouble making good decisions for themselves and others.
People categorize accessibility needs differently. For example, the CDC lists mobility, hearing, cognition, vision, self-care, and independent living.
ARIA as defined by the MDN:
Best practices can include:
Proper use of ARIA
Good color contrast
WCAG is version 2.1 as of June 2018.
Est. in 1858 by the Kentucky General Assembly through an Act.
Further funded and established in 1879 as a major provider of educational materials to students with visual Accessibility needs through the first act to benefit students with visual needs through the "Act to Promote the Education of the Blind" provides funding to the Printing House for embossed books and apparatus for blind students throughout the country. This funding continues today through the Federal Quota Program.
Open Monday – Friday for tours and museum. I recommend visiting Monday – Thursday when the factory is more likely to be open unless Inventory is going on. Check out https://sites.aph.org/museum/visit/ for more details.
You can learn more about Braille Tales and Dolly Parton’s Imagination Library at the following web address: https://sites.aph.org/dolly-partons-imagination-library/.
You can also go to the official page for Dolly Parton’s Imagination Library located, here: https://imaginationlibrary.com/