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Go is, for all its C-esque syntax, is a relatively high-level language. There’s garbage collection, a type hierarchy, and even advanced concurrency primitives. Sometimes, though, you need access to lower-level control. Whether for performance, interoperability, or just for fun, the Cgo API is here to help! I will explain what it is, how to use it, and perhaps most importantly, when to avoid it.
A lot of Go programmers only experience with Cgo is when compilation fails with some obscure error. There’s a lot more to learn than that, and a lot of opportunities! I’ve personally used Cgo for writing Postgres foreign wrappers, and as a consumer when compiling Kubernetes.
Using Cgo can be a fun, rewarding experience. There are a lot of existing projects and libraries written in C, and calling them means not needing to reinvent the wheel. On the same face, if you have an existing project with a C API, calling Go can get you some of the higher-level Go niceness on top of the jagged C edges.
Some things I touch on:
* Calling Go from C
* Calling C from Go
* Memory management with Go objects in C
* Using C libraries from Go
* Real-world Cgo examples
* The pitfalls Go and dynamic linking