Diversionary Problems Helping The Mentally Ill And Comorbid

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Diversionary Problems Helping The Mentally Ill And Comorbid

  1. 1. Diversionary Problems: Helping the Mentally Ill and Comorbid within the Criminal Justice System<br />What to do?<br />
  2. 2. Elissa A. Quiles<br />Argosy University: Undergraduate Studies<br />Psychology 492: Advanced General Psychology<br />August 14, 2011<br /> Hooman Keshavarzi<br />
  3. 3. Currently in our penal system we have more people with mental disorders than any other point within history. “Not only is this practice inappropriate, it is also extremely cost ineffective with $15 billion spent annually to house individuals with mental illness in jails and prisons.” (James Pg. 2) <br />
  4. 4. Cost of Things<br />Drug courts: $4,300 avg. Per personGroup therapy/Long term rehabilitation centers: $16, 424 per yearIncarceration: $47,000 a year avg.Good Mental Health: Immeasurable Get Addiction under control: ImmeasurableCommunity Mental Health and Well being: Immeasurable<br />
  5. 5. Drug Court Activity Update<br />(OJPDCC&TAP 2001)<br />
  6. 6. <ul><li>“A national study from 2002 through 2004 estimated that 56% of state prisoners, 45% of federal prisoners, and 64% of jail inmates suffer from a mental illness.
  7. 7. This indicates an increase from the 1998 national study that found 16% of state prisoners, 7% of federal Inmates, and 16% in local jails reported a mental illness.” (NAMI 2011)</li></li></ul><li>What will happen when those that are incarcerated are released back into the regular population of the US? <br />Our economy will suffer worse then it is now due to the cost of recidivism.<br />Those with mental illness and substance abuse (Co morbidity) may well end up homeless unless they have advocates helping them navigate the system.<br />People’s safety will be at risk, due to a dangerous element preying on the homeless.<br />
  8. 8. “Today it is an accepted fact that correctional health care is a vital component of public health. Correctional health care not only benefits the direct recipients, but also has a significant impact on the health of the community. The nation cannot afford to neglect the health of this unseen population.” (NCCHC Pg.1) <br />
  9. 9. References: <br />Anglin Douglas M. Brown S. Barry. Dembo. Richard. Leukefeld. Carl. Criminality and Addiction: Selected Issues for Future Policies, Practice, and Research. Journal of Drug Issues 0022-0426/09/01 89-100 (2009)<br />American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. Fourth Edition TR. (2004)<br />American Public Health Association. The Need for Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services for the Incarcerated Mentally Ill. American Journal of Public Health 91: 3 551 (2001)<br />Fazel S, Danesh J. Serious mental disorder in 23000 prisoners: a systematic review of 62 surveys. Lancet. 359(9306):545–550. (2002)<br />Karberg JC, James DJ. Bureau of Justice Statistics Special Report: Substance Dependence. Abuse and Treatment of Jail Inmates. 2002. (2005) <br />King. Ryan S. Pasquarella. Jill. (2009). Drug Courts: A Review of the Evidence<br />James & Glaze. (2006). Mental Health Problems of Prison and Jail Inmates. United States Department of Justice. Bureau of Justice Statistics Special Report.<br />
  10. 10. Lamb HR, and Weinberger LE. Person with severe mental illness in jails and prisons: A review. Psychiatric Serv.49(4): 483-492. (1998)<br />Legislative Analyst’s Office. California’s Nonpartisan Fiscal and Policy Advisor. Retrieved from http://www.lao.ca.gov/laoapp/laomenus/sections/crim_justice/6_cj_inmatecost.aspx?catid=3. Retrieved on August 8 2011.<br />Legislative Budget Board Staff (2011). Managing and Funding State Mental Hospitals in Texas: Legislative Primer.<br /> <br />Lindquist CH. Lindquist CA. Gender differences in distress: mental health consequences of environmental stress among jail inmates. Behavioral Science Law. 15(4):503–523. (1997)<br />Mauer. M. SENTENCING REFORM: Amid mass incarcerations-guarded optimism.Criminal Justice 26(1)/ 27-27-36. (2011)<br />Meyers C.J. Arresting the Patient Instead of the Illness-The Jail as Psychiatric Services of Last Resort. Journal of Prison Jail Health 5:20 Pg. 28 (1985). <br />
  11. 11. Munetz, M.R. & Griffin, P.A. (2006). Use of the Sequential Intercept Model as an approach to decriminalization of people with serious mental illness. Psychiatric Services. 5(74). 544-549.<br />National Commission on Correctional Health Care. 2010 Annual Report (Pg.1). National Commission on Correctional Health Care (2011)<br />NAMI (National Alliance on Mental Illness): Virginia. Fact Sheet: Mental Illness and the Criminal Justice System (2011). <br />PelissierB. Gender differences in substance use treatment entry and retention among prisoners with substance use histories. Am J Public Health. 94(8): 1418–1424. (2004)<br />Public Citizen Health Research Group and National Alliance for the Mentally Ill. Criminalizing the Seriously Mentally III: The Abuse of Jails as Mental Hospitals (1992)<br />Sabol WJ, Minton TD. Bureau of Justice Statistics Bulletin: Jail Inmates at Midyear 2007. US Dept of Justice. (2008)<br />
  12. 12. Steadman. H. and Veysey B. Providing Services for Jail Inmates with Mental Disorders. Research in Brief. Washington. DC: U.S. Departmentof Justice. National Institute of Justice. (April1997). NCJ 162207 (Pg. 1).<br />Survey of State Prison Inmates. 1991. Washington, DC. Bureau of Justice Statistics Department of Justice Publication  No. NCJ- 136949. (1992)<br />

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